Primarily for First and Second Year Students

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Walton)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course addresses fundamental questions in political analysis by concentrating on the nature of power relations in different types of political systems. Among the questions examined are: Who should rule, and why? Who does rule, and how? What is the nature of political elites and what characterizes mass political behavior? Is democracy compatible with rapid social change? These questions, among others, will be taken up in relation to the political systems of selected Third World and advanced industrial countries. Midterm and final examinations are required, as is a short paper. (Gibson)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course has three main objectives. Though the Cold War is over, history has not ended just yet. Students in this class are introduced to the tumultuous events occurring beyond U.S. borders today. These substantive themes include: the birth, life, and death of the Cold War; the disintegration of the Soviet Union; the proliferation of nuclear weapons; Balkan instability; U.S.-Japanese relations; international trade; and Third World economic development. But a mere familiarity with current events does not constitute greater understanding. So, the second objective in this course is to introduce students to critical thinking and study skills. The student will assess events in international politics from an analytical perspective. Finally, the course provides students with a large array of alternative explanations for making sense out of world events. Students are required to take a midterm and final exam and write several short and one long-ish essay. Cost:3 WL:1 (Hopf)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

This course will help you think about the relationships between yourself and politics in the United States. Learn about: (1) important social, economic and political issues of the day, including how an issue becomes "important;" (2) the political values and attitudes of the American public; (3) the conduct of political campaigns and elections. Confront these subjects from the perspectives of "What is..." and also "What ought to be...." Given our goals, scholarly readings are intermixed with articles about current issues, and our discussions often move freely from assigned readings to the latest news. Although intended primarily for non-political science concentrators, this is a serious course for serious students. The readings are extensive, and occasionally difficult. You will be expected to: stay current and master what you have read, attend lectures faithfully, participate in sections actively, and engage in additional learning activities outside of the class room. You will write papers, and you will be examined carefully and regularly (2 midterms plus a final). Recommended: at least one prior political science course. Grades are based on a no-curve system. Cost:4 WL:1 (Markus)

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl).

Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. Since the Persian/Arab Gulf War began in August, 1990, it will be discussed as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam but no final. There is a computer-assisted simulation to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)

396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS).

See Russian and Eastern European Studies 396. (Gitelman)

401. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The principal theorists who have influenced political thought and development in the period from the seventeenth century to the present. (Salkever)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

In this course we will look at courts and the legal process as political institutions. We will discuss how and why they make use of power to promote the common and/or special interests of the community. There will be a strong comparative emphasis which will include American, British, and South Pacific materials. We will emphasize "why" questions as well as "how" and "what" questions in this course, questions such as: Why give judges rather than other political actors the power to interpret law? Why prefer legal resolutions of disputes to mediation and arbitration? Why reserve the power of decision in criminal cases to juries? Why support the rule of law if it tends to reinforce current social and economic inequalities? We will explore questions such as these with the help of both descriptive and theoretical accounts of the legal process. (West-Newman)

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

An advanced survey of the American Presidency. Topics include the development of the institution, the selection of the President with special emphasis on the current election, installation and operation of the new administration, and the development of selected executive policies. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is requisite. (Meyer)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative elections; coalition-building; committee policy making; floor voting decisions; legislative-executive relations; legislative rules and procedures. Through out the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine proposals for institutional reform. Requirements: two to three exams, one paper. Cost: 3 WL:4 (Hall)

418/Women's Studies 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines women's relationship to the American political system. We will explore the development of that relationship through the social movements of the 19th and 20th Centuries. When we reach the modern era, we will focus upon women in elite politics, women's political participation, and women's political opinions. We will conclude with an exploration of women's relationship to public policies ranging from comparable worth to abortion policies. (Burns)

422/WS 422. Feminist Political Theory. Junior standing, or permission of instructor. (Excl).

The course explores the politics of inequalities between men and women by considering theories of gender differences. The purpose of the class is to draw on interdisciplinary work in feminist studies to think about political institutions and to see the effect of political institutions on subject positions with different gender identities. (Stevens)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course focuses on two main dimensions of comparison: the North-South dimension, involving differences between economically developed and poor countries; and the Democratic-Authoritarian dimension. We will examine: (1) the causes of economic development, and economic, political and cultural obstacles to development; and (2) then explore the impact which economic development has on society and politics. The second main topic grows out of the first, because richer countries are likelier to be democratic than poorer ones, but we will also examine a number of other factors conducive to, or detrimental to, the emergence of and survival of democracy. Here, we will focus primarily on comparisons between Western democracies and authoritarian systems in the former Soviet bloc, with attention to the prospects for democracy in recently liberalizing regimes. (Inglehart)

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course examines politics in the democracies of Western Europe, North America, and Japan. The focus is on political parties, elections, patterns of participation, public policy, and political economy. (Huber)

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction, to attempts at reform, and to the post-Communist period. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. We study attempts at political and economic reform, the fundamental changes of 1989-1990 and the present state of politics in Eastern Europe. This lecture course requires a final examination and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. Cost:2 WL:4 (Gitelman)

451/Judaic Studies 451. The Politics and Culture of Modern East European Jewry. A course in East European and/or Jewish history, and Comparative Politics is recommended. (3). (Excl).

This course emphasizes interrelationships between ethnicity, politics, and culture. It focuses on East European Jews and how they developed means for dealing with states and societies in which they were a minority. Strategies and tactics of states in dealing with Jews will also be analyzed. Ideologies, movements, parties and institutions will be studied, partly through literature, folklore, and music. This lecture course requires a midterm and final examinations, as well as a paper. (Gitelman)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Pol. Sci. or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to politics and political change in the Arab Middle East and North Africa. Its approach is comparative, and its primary concern is with understanding and explaining domestic politics in the Arab states of the region. The first part of the course focuses on the historical evolution of regimes in the inter- and post war eras; the second part of the course is devoted to understanding the processes and structures that account for that evolution. (Crystal)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (3). (Excl).

This course will explore the ways in which the concepts of modernization and dependency can be used to study Africa's development experience. The approach is comparative and no single African country will be studied in depth. Rather cases will be drawn from all African countries. The basic objective is to encourage students to develop a conceptual framework for examining the following main themes to be covered in the course: economic and political forms of colonialism and their relationship to patterns of decolonization; the rise of authoritarianism, demilitarization and democratization; cultural pluralism and state capacity. Significant effects of Africa's incorporation into a world capitalist economy and various strategies of development will also be examined. There are no prerequisites for this course, although juniors and seniors are more likely to benefit from taking this course. No freshmen. (Twumasi)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will address a range of issues which confront state leaders as they seek to ensure their country's military security and economic development in a competitive international system. Special attention will be given to foreign policy problems confronting the U.S. in the post-Cold war era. The course will be conducted largely as a lecture with some opportunity for discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of in-class midterm and final exams. Cost:3 WL:4 (Huth)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to some of the issues in the politics of "developing" nations. The course will be focused around how ideas about development and the interests of political actors, in conjunction with each other, have influenced the political and economic development of these nation states. The first part of the course will begin with modernization theory, its particular understanding of the relationship of the individual to the state, the pressures for economic development and their impact on the construction of states in the immediate post-colonial era. We will then discuss whether this state has been able to provide either for economic growth or for the removal of poverty. The inability of the state to deliver the necessary goods has been attributed to its weakness in relationship to social forces, especially the multiple ethnic groups which compose many of these nation states. In the final segment of the course we will evaluate the nature of ethnic conflict and examine reasons for the resurgence of religion as a political force in parts of the developing world. Grading will be based on three written assignments a 25 page paper, midterm and final examination and class participation. Students should be prepared to read extensively. (Chhibber)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines foreign economic relations using three major approaches: the Liberal, the Marxist, and the Realist. After a brief overview of the history of the international political economy in the 19th and 20th centuries, we study a series of institutions in the contemporary world, including the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community, among others. We also discuss a number of issues relevant to the Third World, including development strategies, multinational corporations, foreign aid and the debt crisis. We conclude with an overview of some contemporary issues, such as the new protectionism and the North American Free Trade Area. (Pahre)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine a number of theoretical and empirical issues related to understanding the national security policy of states, including deterrence theory, arms control, and nuclear proliferation. The course will focus on both US relations with the former Soviet Union and security issues in the Third World. Classes will be conducted as a combination of lecture and discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of 2 exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

475. Soviet and Russian Foreign Policy. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Russian Foreign Policy.
The course focuses on the international behavior of the Soviet Union and its primary successor state, Russia. The course will on focus on U.S.-Soviet and U.S.-Russian relations, the rise and fall of the Soviet empire in Europe and post-Soviet Russian relations with Eastern Europe and the Soviet successor states. Recommended as background: PS 160, CREES 395. Since this is a course that may satisfy the jr/sr writing requirement, assignments will emphasize the link between writing style and content in several different formats relevant to politics and political science. There will be a final but no midterm. (Zimmerman)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Post-World War II Modern East Asia.
In the fifty years since the end of World War II, the countries of East Asia have changed enormously. During the Cold War decades, the region was a focal point of strategic and ideological rivalry between the superpowers and their regional allies with China playing a swing role. For several decades the region has contained the most rapidly developing countries Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and more recently, China itself. It is a laboratory for studying strategies of development and the relationship between economic development and political change. Now the patterns of strategic and economic relations within the region are again undergoing major changes. Midterm, short paper, final exam. Cost:3 WL:1 (S.Levine)

479/CAAS 479. International Relations of Africa. (3). (SS).

There were two underlying passions in the demand by African leaders for independence: the passion for development and the passion for equality in the international community. On the attainment of self-rule therefore, African countries sought to give economic and political substance to their newly won freedom on the international scene. Immediately after independence, most African economies were closely integrated into those of the former colonial powers. Independence gave the leaders the opportunity to diversify their economic and political links with the dual aim of reducing their dependence on the former colonial powers and influencing the evolution of the world order in their interests. The basic objective of this course is to examine the strategies that African governments have encountered in their attempts to restructure their external economic and political relations. We will focus particularly on: Africa's emergence on the international scene; inter-African relations; Africa's changing relations with the superpowers and other power blocs; and Africa in a changing world economy. No special background is needed for this course for advanced political science students. Grades will be based on two papers and a final examination. (Twumasi)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (Excl).

This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science and the process of research design leading to the defense of a thesis prospectus. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course. (Mohr)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

In this class we seek a broad understanding of what the American political parties are, how they operate and how they evolved. We will study them mainly in the context of presidential elections, although we will also consider local parties, party organization, and comparative perspectives. To enhance our understanding of recent American elections, we will also spend time on the major political changes in the South and on the role of racial and ethnic minorities in electoral politics. There will be two exams (short answer and essay), and one short paper. Students will be expected to read assigned books and articles and be prepared to discuss the material. Lecture and discussion will be the format. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kollman)

488. Political Dynamics. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

Many political debates center around forecasts. Will a single presidential candidate emerge from the primaries or will we have a brokered convention? Do arms races lead to war? Why do popular movements get started, grow, and then subside without accomplishing their goals? Is the earth growing warmer and what should be done about it? Social systems change, and they do so organically. The parts of the system influence each other, and they behave in different ways at different times. Hence unaided intuitive forecasting is difficult. The purpose of this course is to bring systems thinking to bear on political dynamics. A few simple but powerful ideas will be taught and applied to a variety of political issues. Students will learn to experiment with dynamics and forecasting on personal computers, using primarily graphical methods. The course is meant to be introductory, experimental, and applied rather than theoretical. There is no prerequisite. No overrides will be signed after the first week. Cost:3 WL:1 (Achen)

492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study course on an individual research topic that is developed between an individual student and a faculty member.

494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

This is a seminar for seniors who are working an on Honors thesis. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling. (Campbell)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 20th Century Political Thought.
This course will follow themes in implicit and sometimes explicit debates among 20th century political theorists. We will focus on problems specific to advanced, industrial societies, paying special attention to conflicts of race, class, and gender. Theorists we shall read include Luxemborg, Gramsci, Freud, de Beavoir, Fanon, and Foucault. (Stevens)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Interest Groups in National Policy Making.
This course will examine the place of public and private interest groups in contemporary U.S. policy making. The focus will be primarily at the national level, though there may be some attention to scholarship and cases in the subnational and comparative domains as well. Topics will include the formation and maintenance of interest groups, the internal politics of interest groups, and the effects of both public lobbies and private groups on the electoral, legislative, and executive rule-making processes. Requirements: active participation in seminar; 2 exams; several papers. Cost:4 WL:4 (Hall)

Section 002 The Politics of Protest. We will examine the emergence, development, and ultimate impact of protest movements on politics and policy in American politics. Through an examination of several movements; in America after World War II, including the civil rights, women's, and peace movements, we will focus on three basic sets of questions: under what circumstances do dissident movements emerge?; how do dissidents choose political tactics and strategies?; and, how do movements influence more conventional politics? Students will be expected to write several short papers, and one longer term paper on a related subject of their choice. (Meyer)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Religion and Politics in Latin America.
In depth analysis of transformations in religion, in politics and in relations between the two in the recent experience of Latin America. Emphasis on elements of change in Catholicism, on the surge of growth in evangelical protestantism and on the social and cultural meaning of religious change particular topics include liberation theology, grass roots christian communities, the "new meaning of politics", the link of social movements to religious change. Case materials from all across ther egion but special emphasis on VenezuelaColombia, Central America, Peru, Brazil Requirements will include periodic presentations and short papers and a substantial seminar paper. no examspermission of instructor. (D.Levine)

Section 002 Political Issues in Economic Development. This seminar is designed to present an overview of the field of the political economy of development. Readings will be conceptually organized around political variables that scholars have found to have an impact on economic change. As such, readings will be taken from a wide variety of geographical areas and time periods. The course will begin by asking what is it that we mean by development and can we measure it? The first set of political variables whose role we will assess are class, cultural and ideological factors and institutions, especially the State, an institution whose economic impact has been most carefully scrutinized. The final segment of the course will address two other political variables that may affect economic policy and change: politicians manipulating economic policy for maintaining political support and defense expenditures and their influence on promoting or retarding economic growth. A quarter of the grade (25 percent) will be assigned on the basis of class presentations. The remaining three-fourths (75 percent) of the grade will be determined by written assignments which may be either four 6-8 papers or a long research paper on a problem or geographical area of choosing. Students should be prepared to read very extensively. (Chhibber)

Section 003 Evolution of the Hegemonic Party Regime: Taiwan in Comparative Perspective. This seminar examines the making, maintenance, and transformation of hegmonic party regimes including Taiwan, Kemalist Turkey, Mexico, and Singapore. Patterns of evolution of these regimes will be comapred with those of bureaucratic authoritarian regimes as well as Leninist regimes. Grades will be based on a research paper and class assignments and participation. Enrollment is open to graduate students and seniors, in that order. (Cheng)

Section 004 Policy Making in China. An intensive examination of China's political institutions, how they work, and how they have changed over time. Students must have done course work on Chinese politics (e.g., PS 428) or obtain the permission of the professor. Seminars will center around discussion of student papers and related readings. Limit of 15 students. (Lieberthal)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 The Evolving International System.
This is an upperclass undergraduate seminar, admission by permission of instructor (transcript, 2 writing samples). We begin with a restrospective look at the international system, going back to 1816, and examining the size, composition, structure and culture of the system, with emphasis on quantitative measurement of these phenomena. The second part of the term will attend to the current state of the system, and following that we will focus om alternative forecasts and proposals for effective governance of the system. There will be several written assignments in the form of research memos; one of the texts will be The Real World System and another will be a collection of proposals for reforming the UN. (Singer)

Section 002 Arab-Israeli Conflict. Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli Conflict is the focus of the seminar. Held in conjunction with PS 353, a lecture course on the same subject, this seminar is like a discussion section of that lecture course. In this respect, outlines of the lectures and copies of transparencies will be available to seminar participants in the form of course pack and via an electronic conference CONFER. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. The September accords between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization will be a principal topic of discussion. The seminar plans both a midterm and a final. There is a computer-assisted simulation planned for PS 353, and PS 498.002 students will be participants as well. (Tanter)

512/Soc. 512. Detroit Area Study. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Sociology 512. (Steeh)

592. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

An independent research project based on an internship developed between an individual student and a faculty member.

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