Asian Languages and Cultures

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

220/Asian Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the heritage of the major Asian religious traditions. Hinduism (India), Confucianism and Taoism (China), Shinto (Japan), and Buddhism (India, Tibet, China, Japan) will be considered against their cultural backgrounds, and against the background of human religiousness in general. To lend coherence to the vast and diverse field of study known as "Asian religions," we will focus on certain universal themes, such as death and the afterlife, world denying vs. world affirming ideals, and the relationship between philosophical discourse, religious doctrine and ritual practice. There are three hours of lectures, and one discussion section per week, with occasional use of slides and films. There is no prerequisite for the course. Requirements will include a midterm and final exam. Cost:4 WL:1 (Huntington)

250/Chinese 250/Japanese 250/Korean 250/SSEA 250. Undergraduate Seminar in Asian Culture. No knowledge of an Asian language required. (3). (HU). May be repeated with department permission.

See South and Southeast Asia 250. (Solnit)

406. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the student's primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). All reading exercises will be taken directly from classical sources. (Lopez)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($10) required.

Chinese 102 (Beginning Chinese) is a continuation of Chinese 101. The textbooks are Beginning Chinese and Beginning Chinese Reader (Part I and II), both by John DeFrancis. Students are required to listen to tapes after class (at least 5 or 6 hours a week). We meet five hours a week two hours of lecture and three hours of drills. In Chinese 102 we do two lessons from BCR each week. Readings are longer than in Chinese 101 and will take much of a student's time outside of class toward the end of the term. Students have to do question-answer sheets twice a week. Students are also required to memorize short dialogues similar to those we did in Chinese 101. Toward the end of the term students have to write a skit together with other students and their performance will be video-taped and their pronunciation will be graded. We have a test or quiz each week on Thursdays. In general the workload in Chinese 102 is much heavier than that in Chinese 101. NOTE: NO VISITORS ARE ALLOWED. Cost:2 WL:1 (Tao)

250/Budd. Studies 250/Japanese 250/Korean 250/SSEA 250. Undergraduate Seminar in Asian Culture. No knowledge of an Asian language required. (3). (HU). May be repeated with department permission.

See South and Southeast Asia 250. (Solnit)

302. Reading and Writing Chinese. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chinese 201, 202, or 362. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with native or near-native speaking ability in Chinese and who know approximately 400 characters. Meeting four hours per week, Chinese 302 focuses on reading and writing Chinese and covers the regular 201-202 reading material except for the movie script A Great Wall. Students will be graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, daily quizzes, periodic tests, and homework assignments. The text is Intermediate Reader of Modern Chinese. Cost:2 WL:1 (An)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of four credits.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-Second Year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Mandarin Chinese (UM courses Chinese 101 through 202, or equivalent courses at another institution). The purpose of Chinese 378 is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first- and second-year Chinese by providing two hours a week for students to talk. This is accomplished through listening to the tapes at home, presentation of brief speeches and discussions on topics selected by the class. The grade will be determined by students' attendance, participation in discussion, oral presentations, skits, and weekly quizzes. This course is not for native speakers, auditors, or sit-ins. Students are expected to be familiar with the pinyin system. Cost:1 WL:1 (Liang)

406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 405. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed. Students are to learn to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. Cost:2 WL:1 (Liang)

432. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 431 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 431. It is intended for students who have an interest in the field of social sciences as it applies to China. Though the skills of reading original Chinese articles which focus on politics, economics, diplomacy, history, and culture are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields and to help students do their research using Chinese materials. Contemporary Chinese texts are read and discussed largely in Chinese. Cost:1 WL:3 (Qian)

452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of the introductory term of literary Chinese. We continue to read in a variety of texts covering all premodern periods. Further practice is aimed at improving understanding of the structure of literary Chinese, introductory practice in dictionaries and other aids to interpretation, and better familiarity with important grammatical particles. Supplementary areas of concern include policies and problems in using literary Chinese in research, problems of translation, and the general evolution of styles in the literary tradition. (Rolston)

462. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 461 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 461. In addition to building vocabulary, we will concentrate on improving reading ability with the aim of allowing students to read original materials with less reliance on a dictionary. Students will also practice discussion on the readings in Chinese. Readings will be chosen from a variety of sources, depending partly on the interests of the students. They will include 20th century fiction and essays on various topics from both Taiwan and Mainland China. There will be frequent translation and composition assignments. The class will be conducted largely in Chinese. Cost:1 WL:3 (Qian)

469/Phil. 469. Later Chinese Thought (A.D. 220-1849). Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

The China that we know today owes much to nearly six centuries of Neo-Confucian orthodoxy (1313-1905). The course examines this philosophical foundation of the Chinese cultural legacy, and also those aspects of Neo-Taoism and Chinese Buddhism from which it drew. The time period covered by the course is from the third century A.D. to roughly the end of the eighteenth century, just prior to the Western impact. Special attention is devoted to the Sung period. Some lectures are on the social environment in which the philosophers emerged, and on the influence of the philosophies on religion and the arts. One of three sequential courses on the history of Chinese thought (468, 469, 505), though it does not require either as prerequisite. Midterm, final examination, and preparation of a review essay. Mainly lectures, though there will be some student participation in a seminar-like setting. Readings in translation. (Munro)

472. Traditional Chinese Drama and Fiction in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

The focus of this course is the development of drama and fiction in premodern China. Written in vernacular Chinese, these works expanded the permissible subjects and modes of literary expression, giving the reader an intimate "backstage" view of traditional Chinese culture unavailable elsewhere. Course requirements are two short papers, a take-home midterm, a final exam, and participation in class discussion. Readings include plays: Chinese Theater in the Days of Kublai Khan, The Lute, and The Peach Blossom Fan; short stories: Stories from a Ming Collection, Silent Operas; autobiography: Six Records of a Floating Life; and novels: The Plum in the Golden Vase (cc. 1-20), The Tower of Myriad Mirrors, The Story of the Stone (v. 1), and The Travels of Lao Ts'an. Cost:4 WL:4 (Rolston)

475/Asian Studies 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

This interdisciplinary course is jointly taught by faculty specialists in Chinese philosophy, religion, history of art, drama, and literature. It is NOT a survey course. Instead the main task will be the sustained and critical study of a number of significant and representative works in order to present some major themes of the distinct and complex civilization of China. In spite of inner tensions, this is a cultural tradition that can be seen as a highly integrated system composed of mutually reinforcing parts, making such an interdisciplinary and multimedia approach particularly effective. Toward the end of the term we will observe the system's collapse as it struggles to adapt to the modern world, and consider how our themes continue, persist, or change. Background lectures on history, language, and cosmology will be followed by topics and readings that include: Confucianism (Mencius ) and Taoism (Chuang-Tzu ); themes in Chinese religiosity, Ch'an (Zen Buddhism); classical narratives; lyricism and visual experience in poetry and landscape painting; traditional storyteller tales; poetic-musical theatre; fiction of modern "revolutionary" and post-Mao China. Course format: lectures and discussions by Baxter (language); Crump (theatre); Feuerwerker (art history and modern fiction); Foulk (religion); Lin (poetry); Munro (philosophy); Rolston (traditional fiction). The 4th hour class will divide into 2 discussion sections. No prerequisites. Requirements: 3 short papers and final exam. (Y. Feuerwerker)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

This is a continuation of Japanese 101. The students who did not take Japanese 101 at the University of Michigan need to take a placement test in order to register for the course. The textbooks are: Japanese: The Spoken Language, Part I and its Supplement: Japanese Typescript by Eleanor Hartz Jorden and Mari Noda. Reading Japanese by Eleanor Hartz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin is also used for reading and writing. This course is designed to develop the four language skills in Japanese: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. "Knowing it" is never sufficient. Students must be able to use the language they have learned. Students are required to practice with audio tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Cost:1 WL:1 (Shook)

202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers and essays in response to questions about these texts. Approximately 400 of the essential characters are covered. Discussions of the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Part II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. WL:1 (Aizawa, staff)

250/Chinese 250/Budd. Studies 250/Korean 250/SSEA 250. Undergraduate Seminar in Asian Culture. No knowledge of an Asian language required. (3). (HU). May be repeated with department permission.

See South and Southeast Asia 250. (Solnit)

402. Japanese Literature in Translation: Edo and Modern Periods. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

The course will examine the various forms of Japanese literature in the Edo period (1600-1868) haiku, prose fiction, puppet plays, and Kabuki drama. It will also introduce the student to the development of the modern novel beginning in the Meiji period (1868-1912) and will focus on major works of modern Japanese fiction from the Meiji era to the present, including the novels of Natsume Soseki, Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, and the Nobel Laureate Kawabata Yasunari. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. Cost:4 WL:1 (Ito)

406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 405 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Texts are: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Part III; selected reading materials for Third-Year Japanese. Cost:4 WL:1 (Kozuka)

408. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 407. (3). (Excl).

This course introduces students to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. It aims to help the student develop precision in reading comprehension through close reading, translation exercises, and class discussions in Japanese. Assignments will be paced to build reading speed. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other research aids effectively. Requirements include a midterm and a final, as well as occasional papers and written translations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Ito)

414. Accelerated Readings in Japanese. Japanese 102 or 361 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Japanese 413 and is designed for those students already proficient in another Asian language who wish to attain reading competence in the shortest practical time. Japanese 413 introduced all basic grammatical structures, basic vocabulary, dictionary usage and reading material of mid-level difficulty. In Japanese 414, students will concentrate on mastering more difficult readings while developing bibliographic skills at the Asia library to aid in their own research.

446. Readings in Technical Japanese. Japanese 445, or permission of instructor. A maximum of 10 credits may be elected through Japanese 421, 445, and 446. (4). (Excl).

Japanese 446, the second term in a two term sequence of Readings in Technical Japanese, is designed to train Fourth-Year level Japanese language students to read technical materials written for a Japanese audience. Readings will consist of articles and reports taken from publications in fields where the Japanese conduct leading-edge research. There will also be an oral/aural component stressing communications strategies for establishing and conducting professional relationships in technical environments. Japanese engineers carrying out advanced studies at Michigan will be an important resource. Students will also be introduced to Japanese technical databases, and the uses of word processing in Japanese, and technical dictionaries and indexes. Class attendance is mandatory. Students are required to prepare for classes and for frequent quizzes. Written translations will be assigned. There will be a midterm and a final. Cost:1 WL:1 (Unedaya)

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 or 402, or permission of instructor. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.
Section 001
The Tale of Genji and the World of Women Writers in Early Japan. This course will explore the first novel in the history of world literature, The Tale of Genji, its cultural context in the imperial court of eleventh-century Japan, and the emerging tradition of women writers that the tale Solidified. The Tale of Genji is a long novel concerning love and the complex emotions it engenders among a small group of aristocrats in the golden age of Japanese culture. This seminar will offer undergraduates a unique opportunity to spend an entire term focusing on a single landmark of Japanese (and world) literature, reading Genji at the pace it was meant to be read, and in conjunction with background material that will reveal the full power of the novel's social and psychological perceptions. 2 discussions per week. No Japanese necessary. 4 short essays (5 pages) and 1 longer paper (10 pages). (Danly)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the acquisition of "kango" vocabulary which arise in understanding these readings. Class attendance is mandatory. Homework includes a minimum of two hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare for the readings and for frequent quizzes so that they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. Japanese essays will be assigned. Cost:1 WL:1 (Kozuka)

542. Classical Japanese. Japanese 541 or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The second half of an introduction to the classical written language with emphasis on its structural characteristics: reading and close analysis of selected texts from the tenth-nineteenth centuries. (Ramirez-Christensen)

552. Medieval Japanese Prose. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Through a reading of selected works of Japanese literature and recent studies in translation theory, this course will examine issues of literary translation, including literalness, fidelity, cultural context, aesthetic transformation, and translation as metaphor. Reading knowledge of classical and modern Japanese required. One discussion per week. Seminar presentations and a final paper. (Danly)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Training in the reading and interpretation of the major forms of pre-modern Japanese poetry, from the waka and chôka, through renga, haikai, and haiku. The texts will vary from one term to another, but will generally follow a chronological sequence from the ancient to the Tokugawa period. Emphasis will be on developing a working familiarity with the rhetorical structures of classical poetry. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ramirez-Christensen)

Courses in Korean (Division 409)

102. Beginning Korean. Korean 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

A continuation of introductory-level work begun in Korean 101, providing hard training for all the five language skills listening, speaking, reading, writing, and Chinese characters. Class meets 5 hours a week 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of aural/oral practice, and 1 hour of Chinese characters and free conversation. Students are also required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Daily attendance is emphasized, and weight will be placed on seven homework assignments, Chinese character assignments, three midterms, and one final exam including oral test in evaluation. The textbooks for the course are (1) Myongdo's Korean 1 by A.V. Vandesande, and seven lessons (from Lesson 8 to Lesson 15) will be covered, and (2) Chinese Characters in Manuscript by Korean Program at the UM. Those who successfully finish the course will gain sustained control of basic conversation skill and write their name in Chinese characters. Cost:2 WL:1 (Cho)

202. Second Year Korean. Korean 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

A continuation of intermediate-level work begun in Korean 201, emphasizing the aural/oral skill, and minimizing grammatical chores. Class meets 5 times a week 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of aural/oral practice, and 1 hour of Chinese characters and free conversation. Students are also required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Daily attendance is expected. Through lectures, students will learn relatively complex structural patterns of Korean, and get acquainted with various aspects of Korean culture and society. Based on the knowledge obtained through lectures, recitation classes will help the students develop an ability to carry on survival level of conversation. In evaluation, weight will be placed on seven homework assignments, Chinese character assignments, a short essay, three midterms, and one final exam including oral test. The textbooks for the course are (1) Myongdo's Korean 2 by A.V. Vandesande, and seven lessons (from Lesson 23 to Lesson 31) will be covered, and (2) Chinese Characters in Manuscript by Korean Program at the UM. Those interested in taking this course are recommended to see the instructor before registration. Cost:2 WL:1 (Cho)

402. Third Year Korean. Korean 401 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

A continuation of advanced-level work begun in Korean 401, helping the students improve their skills, both spoken and written, up to advanced level. Class meets 5 times a week 2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of aural/oral practice, and 1 hour of Chinese characters. In lecture classes, students will build up their vocabulary and heighten reading ability. The reading materials will inform the students of various cultural aspects of Korea. Through weekly writing assignments, the students will also learn more accurate syntax, pragmatic ways of expression, and logical ways of thinking in Korean. In recitation classes, strengthened aural/oral training will be given. The students will tell a short story, have free-group discussion, be acquainted with Korean drama, news, newspaper, and learn songs. Evaluation will be based on attendance, homework assignments, written exams, class activities, writing journal, a one-minute speech, and various oral performances. The major textbooks will be (1) Hangugo 3 by Korea University, and nine lessons (from Lesson 11 to Lesson 19) will be covered, and (2) Chinese Characters in Manuscript by Korean Program at the UM, and ten lessons will be covered. Cost:1 WL:1 (Cho)

250/Chinese 250/Budd. Studies 250/Japanese 250/SSEA 250. Undergraduate Seminar in Asian Culture. No knowledge of an Asian language required. (3). (HU). May be repeated with department permission.

See South and Southeast Asia 250. (Solnit)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (S&SEA) (Division 483)

S&SEA Language Courses

102. Beginning Thai. S&SEA 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is the continuation of Elementary Thai 101. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills - speaking, listening, reading and writing. The emphases are on conversation, reading and writing sample Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. New students must take a placement exam. Grading system based on attendance, quizzes, homework, written and oral report and final exam. Cost:2 WL:1 (Montatip Brown)

104. Beginning Indonesian. S&SEA 103 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:5 (Sudarsih)

106. Elementary Hindi-Urdu. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 315. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 105/106 is the first year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu, the respective national languages of India and Pakistan. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to develop students' skills in speaking and in aural comprehension as well as introduce them to the Devanagari writing system. Students with prior knowledge of Hindi or Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for a placement exam and proficiency evaluation. Course grade is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Siddiqi)

108. Beginning Tagalog. S&SEA 107 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have a functional acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. Cost:1 WL:1 (Weller)

116(382). Beginning Vietnamese. S&SEA 115 or permission of instructor. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of Beginning Vietnamese (381) begun in the fall. It is designed for students who have completed either the first term of the two-sequence course, or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. Extensive practices will be devoted to understanding, speaking and reading the language. This winter course will further aim to develop students' ability to build up their vocabulary and acquire sufficient automaticity and fluency in spoken Vietnamese, through class participation, works in the language lab and homework assignments. Supplementary materials will include selected Vietnamese folk stories. Evaluation will be based on classroom attendance and performance, homework assignments, and a final exam. (Nguyen)

202. Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is the second half of the sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice conversation as well as reading and writing. Also, discussions on topics interesting to students will be covered in order to increase speaking fluency. Evaluations are based on homework, quizzes, oral and written report and final exam. Cost:2 WL:1 (Montatip Brown)

204. Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 203. (5). (LR).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final exam. Cost:2 WL:3 (Sudarsih)

206. Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 316. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 205/206 is the second year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to increase students' skills in speaking and comprehension as well as introduce them to the Nastaliq writing system used for Urdu. They will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and writing the Devanagari script. Students with strong background in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. Course grade is based on attendance, written assignments, and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Siddiqi)

208. Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 207 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

This is a two-term sequence in which the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog expands his knowledge, develops fluency, and becomes acquainted with Tagalog literature. While the oral approach continues, there is much greater emphasis on reading and writing and much heavier cultural content in the materials read. In the first term, one meeting a week is devoted to the study of grammar. The rest of the time is spent in oral reading (dramatization) of a series of story episodes in dialogue form, translation, question-and-answer on content, and discussion of the linguistic and cultural aspects of each episode. Written homework is regularly assigned. To complement the grammar lessons and the dialogues, tapes are available at the Language Laboratory. There will be occasional quizzes, a midterm, and a final. We have conversation hour once a week throughout the term. The second term is essentially a continuation of the first. Instead of dialogues, however, we read narratives and essays and instead of studying grammar separately, we integrate it with work on the readings which provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points. At the end of the second year, the student should have acquired (a) sufficient competence to handle casual conversation, write brief letters, read texts of low to medium complexity, and (b) a broader knowledge of the culture that the language is an expression of and in which the language functions. Cost:1 WL:1 (Weller)

212. Intermediate Punjabi. S&SEA 211. (3). (LR).

This course is the advanced level of Intermediate Punjabi. The emphasis will be on advanced grammatical constructions, composition, vocabulary development, and conversational skills. Particular attention will be paid to the Punjabi verbs and their classifications. Readings will include items from Sikh scripture, a variety of short stories depicting the Punjabi culture, items from Punjabi newspapers, poetry and plays. A video film will be shown to examine the spoken language of the Punjab. Throughout the course the students will be encouraged to communicate in the Punjabi language. There will be two tests: a midterm worth 20% and a final worth 30%. In addition there will be homework assignments worth 30%. The remaining 20% of marks will be allotted to oral communication. Midterm test: February 27, 1995. There will be a Registrar Scheduled final exam in the month of April, 1995. Texts: Motia Bhatia, An Intensive Course in Punjabi, (Mysore, Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1985.); Harjit Singh Gill and Henry A. Gleason, Jr., A Reference Grammar of Punjabi, (Patiala, Punjabi University, 1969.); Punjabi-English Dictionary. In addition, the instructor will supply written handouts and photocopied materials. Cost:1 WL:3 (Singh)

216(482). Intermediate Vietnamese. S&SEA 215. (5). (LR).

This course is the second half of a two-term sequence course in which students expand their knowledge of Vietnamese, develop fluency, and get acquainted with Vietnamese culture. Although increasing emphasis will be given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking still constitute an important part of the course which will be conducted entirely in Vietnamese. By the end of the second term, students should have acquired sufficient competence to handle casual conversation, write short essays and read Vietnamese newspapers. Evaluation will be based on daily class attendance and performance, home assignments and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Nguyen)

302. Reading and Writing for Native Speakers. Native speaking ability in a South/Southeast Asian language and permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is the second half of a two-term sequence intended to increase the student's ability in reading and writing, as well as to develop skills in speaking and listening comprehension. The course meets four hours a week and covers the regular #215-216 reading materials. Course grade will be based on classroom attendance and performance, homework assignments and a final examination. Sufficient knowledge of reading and writing Vietnamese are prerequisites for enrollment in this course. See the instructor for placement test before registration. Cost:1 WL:3 (Nguyen)

402. Advanced Thai. S&SEA 401 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).

Continues from Thai 401, dealing with various genres of "real" written Thai (i.e., not written specifically for second-language learners), and including class discussion (in Thai) and written assignments. Cost:2 WL:1 (Solnit)

404. Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 403. (4). (Excl).

The course is the second of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The coursework is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian Literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, and a final exam or project. Cost:1 WL:3 (Sudarsih)

416(598). Advanced Vietnamese. S&SEA 415. (4). (Excl).

This is the second half of a two-term sequence. The course primary aim is to increase the student's proficiency in reading and writing, as well as developing skills in speaking and aural comprehension. The course meets four hours a week and focuses on composition writing and discussion of selected sociocultural topics of Vietnam. Course grade will be based on classroom attendance and performance, homework assignments and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Nguyen)

464. Advanced Readings of Modern Indonesian Texts II. S&SEA 404 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to introduce the student to critical readings of Modern Indonesian texts. A reading and speaking knowledge of Modern Indonesian is prerequisite. With an emphasis on text analysis, the student is required to produce critical commentaries on (and sometimes translations of) selected passages from a variety of texts. The commentaries will be written in Indonesian. The course is run as a seminar with discussion conducted in Indonesian. Evaluation is based on the written assignments and classroom performance. Cost:1 WL:3 (Florida)

487. South Asian Languages. A course in phonology and a course in syntax. (3). (Excl).

This is a "directed readings" course, designed for students who have a specific need for individualized language instruction in a South Asian Language. Permission of the instructor is required. Cost:1 WL:3

491. Individual Study of South and Southeast Asian Language. Permission of instructor. (1-5). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of ten credits.
Section 009 Vietnamese.
This course is open to students who already have a good comprehension of conversational Vietnamese and mastery of the language phonetics. A reading and speaking knowledge of Vietnamese is prerequisite. This special course is primarily designed to develop the students' four basic language skills speaking, listening, reading and writing, and to help students acquire a deeper understanding of the culture and history of Vietnam. Classes will be exclusively conducted in Vietnamese and emphasized on discussion of topics selected from Vietnamese books and newspapers. At the end of the term, students should have sufficient competence in handling complicated conversation, in reading and writing topics related to Vietnam's contemporary and past history. Interested students should see the instructor before registration. (Nguyen)

S&SEA Courses in English

250/Chinese 250/Budd. Studies 250/Japanese 250/Korean 250. Undergraduate Seminar in Asian Culture. No knowledge of an Asian language required. (3). (HU). May be repeated with department permission.
Section 001 Thailand: Culture and Society.
This survey course will convey the "feel" of life in Thailand by sampling various aspects of Thai culture, including religion, art, music, literature, and others. We will also touch on the geographical and historical context of values. A theme of the course will be the dichotomies between past and present, traditional and modern, and "high" (elite) culture versus "low" (popular) culture. Course materials will include readings, slides, and audio and video tapes. Requirements include class participation, several essays, and a final exam. No knowledge of Thai is required. (Solnit)

Courses in Asian Studies (Division 323)

112/Hist. 152. Southeast Asian Civilization. (4). (SS).

See History 152. (Lieberman)

122/Hist. 122. Modern Transformation of East Asia. (4). (SS).

This is an introduction to modern China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam from 1800 to the present. It describes and analyzes China's progressive decline and rejuvenation, the impact of imperialism, and the rise and development of the People's Republic; the struggles of Korea and Vietnam; the end of traditional Japan and the building of a modern state and economy, Japanese imperialism, and the rebuilding of Japan from 1950 to the present. Attention is also given to literature, the arts and society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the societies and histories of each major East Asian country are analyzed comparatively. This is a continuation of Asian Studies 121, but that course is not a prerequisite and no previous background is assumed. Three lectures and a section each week. A midterm and a final, but no paper. Cost:3 WL:1,3 (Murphey)

220/Buddhist Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

See Buddhist Studies 220. (Foulk)

381. Junior/Senior Colloquium for Concentrators. Junior or senior standing and concentration in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Tradition, Development, Nationalism, and War in Twentieth Century Asia.
This is designed primarily for seniors in Asian Studies, who are given preference, but other upperclass students may be admitted if there is space. Some previous knowledge of Asia and its modern history is assumed, but not Asian language competence. As a colloquium, it centers on group discussion of the readings, and the writing of four short papers. The scope includes India/Pakistan, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, from 1894 to 1976 (the end of the Vietnam War). Readings are varied, mainly in a course pack. The rise of Asian nationalism is the major trend of the twentieth century in that part of the world, fuelled and expressed in part through the series of wars beginning with the Sino-Japanese conflict of 1894-95. We will also consider the matter of "modernization" and the patterns of economic development. Cost:2 (Murphey)

Section 002 Procreating Japan: Ancient Myths and Histories. (Tonomura)

475/Chinese 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

See Chinese 475. (Feuerwerker)

511. Colloquium on Southern Asia: The Interface of the Humanities and the Social Sciences. (2). (Excl).
Section 001 Cinema in India.
For Winter Term, 1995, this section is offered jointly with Film-Video 455.001. (Arora)


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