Courses in Chemistry (Division 334)

The Chemistry Department has three types of courses available for students starting out toward careers in any of the sciences, engineering, or medicine. Students are placed into these courses according to the results of the tests in chemistry and mathematics that they take during orientation.

For students interested in the sciences, engineering or medicine, either Chem 130 or Chem 210/211 can be their starting point. Students who have had a strong course in high school (which may include AP credit in chemistry) are advised to start in Chem 210 and 211, the laboratory course that accompanies it. Chem 130 is recommended for all other students. Section 400 of Chem 130 is reserved for students who would benefit from a smaller lecture section and more frequent contact with both senior faculty and teaching assistants.

Students who have had little or no laboratory work in high school should plan to elect Chem 125 with Chem 130. Other students electing Chem 130 may postpone laboratory to a subsequent term.

105/AOSS 105. Our Changing Atmosphere. (3). (NS). (BS).

This course considers the science needed to understand human-induced threats to the atmospheric environment, with special emphasis on the global changes that are taking place, or are anticipated. We will discuss the greenhouse effect (and its impact on climate), ozone depletion, the polar ozone holes, and urban air pollution. Some basic meteorology will be presented, including how climate changes might affect the frequency and severity of hurricanes and tornadoes. Students will have access to real-time weather information via computer. This lecture course is intended for non-science concentrators and there are no prerequisites. Grades will be based on three one-hour exams (no final exam) and homework. Cost:1 WL:1 (Barker)

106. Environmental Issues. (3). (NS). (BS).

We will use a case study approach to examine some of the more pressing and interesting environmental issues that face us today what chemistry do I need to know to examine a particular environmental question? Heavy emphasis will be placed on lecture demonstrations of chemical reactions. Newspaper and news magazine articles will launch the issues to be studied. (What is the greenhouse effect, the ozone hole, acid rain? How do our lakes and rivers become polluted, and how can we regenerate them? How does recycling impact our energy resources? What's the connection between plastics and other synthetic polymers with trees and petroleum? What are drugs, and how do they affect our bodies?) Grades in the course will be compiled from four quizzes and one or two short papers. This course is intended for newcomers to science, and for non-science interested students; no prior chemistry is needed. Cost:2 (Hallada)

125. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Laboratory. To be elected by students who are eligible for (or enrolled in) Chem. 130. (2). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($60) required.

This laboratory course can be elected with, or following, Chem 130 or 230. It is intended that students planning to enroll in Chem 130 that have had little or no previous chemistry laboratory enroll concurrently in Chem 125. The focus of this guided inquiry laboratory is to foster critical thinking that allows students to design, perform, and interpret experiments. An emphasis is placed on what constitutes valid data and provides the burden of proof for testing hypotheses and theories. In addition, the student acquires technical skills that are required for further advancement in experimental sciences. Although an ability to collect and analyze data in a quantitative manner is developed, the emphasis of the course is to provide a qualitative understanding of the basic concepts of chemistry. This is accomplished by demonstrating that chemical principles are derived from experimental data. The format of the course is organized into three sections. Pre-laboratory reading and questions are completed prior to the four-hour laboratory. The second component is performance in the laboratory. The third begins in the last hour of the laboratory where individual data are shared, evaluated, and discussed. Students then provide a laboratory report based on the combined data of the section. A one-hour lecture provides support for the topics that are investigated in the laboratory. Microcomputer simulations also supplement the student's laboratory experience. There are two one-hour written examinations, scheduled for Tuesday evenings, that constitute 30% of the grade. The remaining 70% of the grade is based on the acquired in the laboratory points. Refer to the Time Schedule for examination dates and times. Cost:2 WL:2 (Penner-Hahn & Kerner)

130. General Chemistry: Macroscopic Investigations and Reaction Principles. Three years of high school math or Math. 105; one year of high school chemistry recommended. Placement by testing, or permission of Chemistry department. Intended for students without AP credit in chemistry. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

This General Chemistry course is intended to fulfill the one term chemistry requirement for students interested in science, or as a natural science elective for non-science concentrators. This course may also be used as the first term in a four or more term chemistry sequence (probably 130, 210/211, 215/216, 340 etc.) for science concentrators and pre-professional students. Chemistry 130 is intended for students without AP credit in Chemistry.

Chemistry 130 provides an introduction to the major concepts of chemistry, including the microscopic picture of atomic and molecular structure, periodic trends in the chemical reactivity, the energetics of chemical reactions and the nature of chemical equilibria. Students will be introduced both to the fundamental principles of modern chemistry, the descriptive chemistry of the elements, and to the underlying theories that account for observed macroscopic behavior. In Chem 130, students will learn to think critically, examine experimental data, and form generalizations about data as chemists do. Chem 130 will meet three times each week in lecture sections with senior faculty (the intensive section will have four lectures a week), and once a week in small group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants (the Comprehensive Study Program discussion class will meet three times a week). Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for after class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, 3 one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates.

The intensive lecture section (section 400) is intended for those students who would benefit from a smaller lecture section (maximum 100 students) and more lectures so that the pace is slower and there is more feedback. Placement by LS&A testing or permission of the Chemistry Department (Room 1500 Chemistry) is needed for enrollment in this section. The CSP discussion section is intended for those students who would benefit from more group study meetings with a graduate teaching assistant. Permission of the Comprehensive Studies Program is needed for enrollment in this section. Cost:4 WL:2 (Sections 100, 200: Griffin & Hallada; section 400: Weathers)

210. Structure and Reactivity I. High school chemistry. Placement by examination during Orientation. To be taken with Chem. 211. (4). (NS). (BS).

Chemistry 210 is the first course in a two-term sequence in which the major concepts of chemistry are introduced in the context of organic chemistry. Emphasis is on the development of the capacity of students to think about the relationship between structure and reactivity and to solve problems in a qualitatively analytical way. This course is a particularly good first course for students with AP credit in chemistry, Honors students and other students with a strong interest in chemistry and biology. The course has three lectures with the professor and one hour of discussion with a teaching assistant per week. There are three hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates.

The intensive lecture section (210-200) is intended for those students who would benefit from a smaller lecture section (maximum 72 students), more lectures so that the pace is slower, and more feedback. Most students from Chem 130-400 should plan to be in 210-200. Admission to 210-200 is by override only from 1500 Chemistry Bldg.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 211. The recitation sections for Chemistry 210 and the corresponding laboratory sections for Chemistry 211 are listed together in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 210. Students must elect both Chemistry 210 (for 4 credit hours) and Chemistry 211 (for 1 credit hour). Cost:3 WL:2 (Ege & Toogood)

211. Investigations in Chemistry. To be taken with Chem. 210. (1). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($67.50) required.

Chemistry 211 is a laboratory introduction to methods of investigation in inorganic and organic chemistry. Students solve individual problems using microscale equipment and a variety of techniques such as thin layer chromatography, titrations, and spectroscopy. The course consists of a four-hour laboratory period with a teaching assistant under the supervision of the professor. Students keep laboratory notebooks, which also serve as laboratory reports. Grades are based on performance in the laboratory and the laboratory notebooks.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 210. The recitation sections for Chemistry 210 and the corresponding laboratory sections for Chemistry 211 are listed together in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 210. Students must elect both Chemistry 210 (for 4 credit hours) and Chemistry 211 (for 1 credit hour). Cost:1 WL:2 (Pugh)

215. Structure and Reactivity II. Chem. 210, 211. To be taken with Chem. 216. (3). (NS). (BS).

The emphasis on thinking about structure and reactivity started in Chemistry 210 is continued in Chemistry 215, with the student learning to analyze more complicated structures, ultimately being able to understand and predict the reactivity of large molecules of biological importance, such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. The course has three examinations and a final examination.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 216. The recitation sections for Chemistry 215 and the corresponding laboratory sections for Chemistry 216 are listed in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 215. Students must elect both Chemistry 215 (for 3 credits) and Chemistry 216 (for 2 credits). Cost:1 WL:2 (Coppola)

Section 200. Honors. This section is designed to introduce students to a more research-oriented view of the Chemistry 215 subject matter. This course is of special interest to both Honors and non-Honors students who are considering pursuing a career related to the chemical sciences. This includes many Cellular and Molecular Biology students in addition to Chemistry students. The section is limited to around 100 students to allow for a closer interaction between the faculty and the class, and also among the students themselves. Some class periods will be devoted to small group discussions of contemporary problems in organic chemistry based on readings in the original literature. Three lectures a week. Grading is based on three hour examinations and a final examination. Students electing 215H must elect 216H, and also one of the lab sections listed under 215H. Cost:2 WL:3 (Lawton)

216. Synthesis and Characterization of Organic Compounds. Chem. 210, 211. Must be taken with Chem. 215. (2). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($67.50) required.

Chemistry 216 builds on the experimental approach started in Chemistry 211. Students participate in planning exactly what they are going to do in the laboratory by being given general goals and directions that have to be adapted to fit the specific project they will be working on. They use microscale equipment, which requires them to develop manual dexterity and care in working in the laboratory. They also evaluate the results of their experiments by checking for identity and purity using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. Students will be expected to keep a laboratory notebook that will serve as the basis for their laboratory reports.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 215. The laboratory sections for Chemistry 216 are listed in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 215. Students must elect both Chemistry 215 (for 3 credit hours) and Chemistry 216 (for 2 credit hour). Cost:2 WL:2 (Wiseman)

230. Physical Chemical Principles and Applications. Chem. 215 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chem. 340. (3). (NS). (BS).

This General Chemistry course is intended as a fourth term in chemistry for science concentrators and pre-professional students, completing the 2-year chemistry sequence required by, for example, the medical, dental, and engineering programs. Students who plan to continue beyond a fourth term in chemistry would typically enroll in Chemistry 340 instead of Chemistry 230; credit will not be given for both of these courses. In Chemistry 230, students will be introduced to the physical principles underlying some of the major topics of inorganic and analytical chemistry. We will study the liquid and solid states of matter, phase transitions, solutions, electrochemistry, coordination complexes, spectroscopy and the principles of thermodynamics that explain observed chemical reactions. These topics will be treated from the viewpiont of the experimental scientist, with an emphasis on the application of chemical principles to a wide range of professions. Chemistry 230 will meet three times each week in lecture sections with senior faculty and once a week in small group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants. Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for after class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, 3 one-hour examinations and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates. Cost:2 WL:2

302. Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure, Reactivity, and Function. Chem. 215 and 216, or permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

This course in Inorganic Chemistry is intended to introduce students to the properties of the elements and the compounds that they form. The course should be used by students concentrating in chemistry, chemical engineering or cellular and molecular biology as third in the four term sequence Chemistry 210/211, 215/216, 302 and 340. This course will provide an introduction to the structure and properties of those elements other than carbon. Topics that will be included are the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and extended solids, bonding, periodicity, main group and transition element chemistry, catalysis and bioinorganic chemistry. Several lectures will be devoted to novel and emergent concepts and phenomena, such as, for example, ceramic superconductors, fundamental and applied chemistry of organometallics, inorganic polymers and materials chemistry. Chemistry 302 will meet for one hour, three times each week with a senior faculty member and once a week with a teaching assistant in groups of approximately 25. Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours. Course grades will be determined from one-hour in class exams and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates. Cost:3 WL:2 (Yocum)

312. Synthesis and Characterization. Chem. 215 and 216. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 302. (2). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Chemistry 312 introduces students to advanced techniques used in the synthesis, purification, and characterization of inorganic and organic compounds. The course emphasizes methods for handling air-sensitive material such as organo-metallic compounds, and includes syringe techniques, working under vacuum or inert gas atmospheres, vacuum distillations as well as various chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. The course meets in two 4-hour laboratory periods. Some of that time may be used for discussion of techniques and principles. Grades are based on laboratory performance, written reports and examinations. Cost:2 WL:2 (Pecoraro)

340. Principles of Physicochemical Measurements and Separations. Math. 116 or 114, Chem. 215/216. Prior enrollment in Chem. 302 is recommended but not required. Those who have completed Chem. 230 may elect Chem. 340 for 2 credits only. (5). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required.

Chemistry 340 is a continuation of Chemistry 130, 210/211, 215/216, and is designed primarily for students in the biological and chemical sciences. The course emphasizes fundamental physical principles and analytical applications of thermochemistry, equilibria, kinetics, separations and spectroscopy. The physical chemistry underlying many important analytical procedures is developed in lecture. Analytical applications are further developed through laboratory experience and include computer acquisition and analysis of experimental data, modern physicochemical measurements, and techniques used in chemical separations. The course has 3 lectures, one hour of lab discussion and 7 hours of laboratory per week. Grading is based on performance in the laboratory and on hour examinations, problem sets, and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:2 (Gordus & C.Evans)

365. Principles of Physical Chemistry. Two terms of chemistry; Physics 140 and 141 or 190; and prior or concurrent enrollment in Math. 215 or 285. (4). (Excl). (BS).

A one-term lecture course in physical chemistry primarily designed for engineering students other than those enrolled in chemical engineering. The course consists of the study of chemical thermodynamics and reaction kinetics. Cost:3 WL:2,3 (Blinder)

397. Honors Physical Chemistry. Chem. 396 and permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (BS).

The second of a two-term lecture sequence in physical chemistry primarily for students in Honors Chemistry degree programs. General Scope: the study of matter from a microscopic viewpoint. Specific Topics: quantum chemistry; molecular structure and spectroscopy; chemical kinetics. Cost:3 WL:3 (Goldstein)

402. Intermediate Inorganic Chemistry. Chem. 302 and 340. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Chemistry 402 is a second term course in inorganic chemistry at the undergraduate level. It has as a prerequisite Chem 302. The goals of the course are two-fold. On the one hand, it will build upon the concepts presented in the earlier course. Topics included here will emphasize the interrelations of ideas presented earlier in the curriculum. For example, discussion can include the relation between oxidation and reduction to acidity, periodic trends in acids and bases, the relation of hard and soft ideas to molecular orbital theory, periodic trends in standard reduction potentials, the relation of molecular structure to conductivity and magnetism and so forth. The key topics to be covered in this portion of the course include acid-base chemistry, theories of bonding, periodic properties and d- metal complexes. The course goes on to cover additional topics selected from issues in catalysis, bioinorganic chemistry, structure-property relations, solid state chemistry, organometallic chemistry, kinetics of organometallic reactions, f-block compounds, electron deficient clusters and quantum models of structure and bonding. The course has three lectures per week. There will be 1-3 exams and a final. Weekly homework problems will be assigned. (B.J. Evans)

420. Intermediate Organic Chemistry. Chem. 215 and 216, or equivalent. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Chemistry 420 is an exploration of selected topics in organic chemistry. The course builds on the basic concepts of structure and reactivity considered in Chemistry 210 and 215. Condensation reactions, the chemistry of aromatic and heterocyclic compounds are among the topics to be included with an emphasis on stereochemistry, mechanism, and synthesis. The course is intended to strengthen the student's understanding of modern organic chemistry. It may serve as a terminal course in the topic or as a bridge between the first year of organic chemistry and further study in the area. Grading in the course will be based on three hour examinations and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:2 (Pearson)

436. Polymer Synthesis and Characterization. Chem. 340 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Polymer Synthesis and Characterization introduces the special techniques and analyses appropriate for study of macromolecules. Students prepare polymers in the laboratory and characterize their preparations by various physical methods. Course requirements include written laboratory reports, quizzes, and participation in lecture/ discussion. Text: Laboratory Experiments in Polymer Synthesis and Characterization by Pearce, Wright, and Bordoloi. EMMSE Press, Penn State Univ. 1982. Polymer Characterization: Physical Techniques Campbell and White, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1989. Both are available in paperback. Experiment list: Emulsion Polymerization Styrene, Thermodynamics of Rubber Elasticity, Crosslink Density by Solvent Swelling, Cationic Polymerization of Trioxane, Anionic Polymerization of Styrene, X- ray Diffraction of Polymer Fibers, Co-polymerization of Methylmethacrylate/ Styrene, UV/IR Analysis of Reactivity Ratios, Synthesis of Optically Active Polymer (Polybenzofuran), Gel Permeation Chromatography, Dilute Solution Viscosity, Light Scattering Molecular Weight, NMR of Poly (Benzylglutamate), DSC/TGA of Polymers, Computer Simulation of Polymer Molecules in Solution, Polymer Unknown. (Rasmussen)

447. Physical Methods of Analysis. Chem. 340, and 215/216. (3). (Excl). (BS).

The course introduces the student to the principles and techniques of modern analytical chemistry. Atomic and molecular spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and chromatographic separation techniques are stressed. Some discussion of contemporary electrochemistry is included. The principles of data collection and the processing and representation of analytical signals are introduced. The course format is lectures three times per week. A textbook is required. Readings from the review literature of analytical chemistry compensate for the inevitable shortcomings of any text. Cost:3 WL:2 (Korzeniewski & Sacks)

467/AOSS 467/Geol. 465. Biogeochemical Cycles. Math. 116, Chem. 210, and Phys. 240. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Biogeochemical cycles describe how carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and other elements cycle through not only the atmosphere but also the oceans and the landmasses of the earth. This course would be useful to students in many fields including engineering, atmospheric science, chemistry, physics, biology, geology, natural resources, and public health. The biogeochemical cycles of water, carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur; the atmosphere and oceans as reservoirs and reaction media; the fate of natural and human-made sources of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur compounds; the interactions among major biogeochemical cycles and resultant global change: greenhouse gases, acid rain, and ozone depletion. (Carroll)

468. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 215, and Chem. 340. (4). (Excl). (BS).

This is the first of two-term lecture sequence in Physical Chemistry (followed by Chemistry 469). The course is normally elected by students in Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Cellular and Molecular Biology and others requiring a rigorous treatment of Physical Chemistry. Topics covered in Chemistry 468: theory of gases; the laws of thermodynamics with applications to chemical and phase equilibria, solutions and electrochemical cells; introduction to statistical mechanics. Cost:3 WL:2 (Sharp)

469. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 216, and Chem. 340. (4). (Excl). (BS).

This course is the second of the regular two-term sequence in physical chemistry (Chemistry 468 and 469). The topics include quantum chemistry, molecular structure, spectroscopy and chemical kinetics. Section 100 (Blinder) will have a materials flavor and Section 200 (Lubman) will have a biological flavor. Cost:3 WL:2 (Blinder & Lubman)

479. Technical Communication in Chemistry. Concurrent enrollment in Chem. 480. (1). (Excl). (BS).

This course is for students who wish to meet the English Composition Board requirements for a Junior/Senior writing course in chemistry. The course will meet once a week with a senior faculty member to discuss issues involved in technical writing. Students will also have conferences with the faculty and a teaching assistant trained by the English Composition Board to find out how to improve their writing, which will be based primarily on the laboratory reports prepared for Chemistry 480. Therefore, coelection of Chemistry 480 is required. Selected reports will be intensively critiqued and rewritten in several drafts. Grading will be based on the writing achieved in the course. Cost:1 WL:2 (Lohr)

480. Physical and Instrumental Chemistry. Chem. 447 and 468, or 396; and concurrent enrollment in Chem. 469 or 397. (3). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required.

This course explores methods for the measurement of the physical and spectroscopic properties of substances and the application of these methods in instrumental analysis. The course is focused on essential laboratory principles and operations as they relate to the physicochemical properties of organic, inorganic, and macromolecular chemical species. Experiments study the areas of equilibria, chemical structure, chemical change, and computer simulation and calculation. Emphasis is placed on the effective design of experiments together with synergistic coupling of modern instrumentation and computers. The course includes literature searches for physical data. Laboratory reports constitute an important component of the course. Students who wish to use the course to meet the English Composition Board requirements for a writing course in chemistry must elect Chemistry 479 concurrently. Ten to twelve hours a week in the laboratory. Grading is based on laboratory performance, laboratory records, and reports. WL:2 (Meyerhoff)

485. Projects Laboratory. Chem. 480 or the equivalent. (2). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required.

A project-oriented laboratory in which students work on one or two projects in depth during the term. The projects are suggested by the faculty of the department and require library as well as laboratory work. The projects may be in any area of analytical, inorganic, organic, physical, or polymer chemistry. Students interested in projects in inorganic or organic chemistry should elect section 100, 200, or 300. Students interested in analytical or physical chemistry should elect section 400 or 500. Eight hours a week in the laboratory. Grading is based on laboratory performance and a written report for each project undertaken. Cost:1 WL:2 (Pecoraro & Meyerhoff)

567/AOSS 567. Chemical Kinetics. Chem. 469 or AOSS 479. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Chemical Kinetics is the study of the rates and mechanisms of systems undergoing chemical change. The extraction of rate data from reacting systems and the utilization of such data in other reacting systems is central to chemistry in the laboratory and in the practical worlds of combustion science, atmospheric science, and chemical synthesis. This course introduces the treatment of complex chemical systems and fundamental ideas about chemical reaction rates in gases and in solutions. Computer software will be utilized to treat complex reaction systems. Text: J.I. Steinfeld, J.S. Francisco, and W.L. Hase, Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics (Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1989). (Barker)

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