Courses in History (Division 390)

100-Level Courses are Survey Courses and Introductory Courses for Freshmen and Sophomores

111. Modern Europe. Hist. 110 is recommended as prerequisite. (4). (SS).

This course explores European history from the Enlightenment through the Second World War (1715-1945). While structured around the "turning points" of modern European history French Revolution, Napoleonic Wars, industrial revolution, 1848 revolutions, age of nation states, World War I, fascism and Nazism, and World War II it also explores the social, economic, cultural and political aspects of these transformations. Students will learn, for example, about liberalism, Marxism, and nationalism through texts of those who shaped these ideologies; through testimony of those whose lives were transformed by them; and through the scholarly works of historians. Course readings include a lively and varied selection of primary sources (diary of a Napoleonic foot soldier; soldiers' letters from the trenches of World War I; excerpts from classics by JS Mill, Marx and Engels, and Nietzsche), historical novels by Dickens and Turgenev, and works by first-rate historians of Europe. There are two lectures and two discussion sections weekly. We emphasize critical and creative interpretation of lectures and reading materials in class discussions and in written work (midterm and final exams and one 3-5 page paper). Accompanying this course is an optional film series. Students will be able to receive one extra credit for attending this film series. Cost:3 WL:1 (Canning)

112. Modern Europe Film Series. Concurrent enrollment in Hist. 111. (1). (Excl).

History 112 is a one-credit optional course appended to History 111 for students who are concurrently enrolled in History 111. Students will view six films during the term, each of which expands upon the themes addressed in the lectures and readings of History 111. Proposed films include: Europa/Europa, Madame Bovary, Burn, All Quiet on the Western Front, The Wannsee Conference, and Nasty Girl. The aim of this film series is to make European history more tangible and to help develop critical and interpretive skills through the discussion and debates following the film showings. In addition to attending the film showings and participating in the discussion that follow, students will complete one 7-10 page paper for History 112. The films will be shown on six Wednesday evenings from 6:45 until approximately 9:30 p.m. (followed by discussion). (Canning)

122/Asian Studies 122. Modern Transformation of East Asia. (4). (SS).

See Asian Studies 122. (Murphey)

130/ABS 160. The World's First Civilizations. (4). (HU).

See Ancient and Biblical Studies 160. (Beckman)

152/Asian Studies 112. Southeast Asian Civilization. (4). (SS).

Southeast Asia is one of the world's most culturally diverse regions, home to Buddhist, Muslim, Confucian, and Christian civilizations. It boasts ancient monuments of surpassing grandeur and symbolic complexity. It was the scene of the bloodiest conflict since 1945, the Vietnam War. Today it has the world's fastest growing regional economy and is an area of mounting importance to Japan as well as the United States. This course offers an introduction (and thus assumes no prior knowledge) to Southeast Asian history from the earliest civilizations, through the colonial conquest, the indigenous political reaction of which Vietnamese Communism and the Vietnam Wars were one expression and the contemporary economic explosion. The course seeks to define Southeast Asia's uniqueness as well as its evolving ties to the rest of the world. Midterm, final, and optional paper. Two lectures, one section per week. Cost:2 WL:1 (Lieberman)

160. United States to 1865. (4). (SS).

The purpose of the course is to illuminate a few major episodes and issues in American history, 1607-1865. Among these are the nature of Puritanism, the texture of colonial society, the causes of the Revolution, the party division of the 1790's, the nature of Jacksonian society, and the causes of the Civil War. There is no textbook assigned, the readings instead being in separate books each week. These books include works by major historians, collections of contemporary writings, a contemporary analytical work (Toucqueville's DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA), and a novel (UNCLE TOM'S CABIN). The major theme of the lectures is an assessment of one pervasive idea, "The growth and development of American individualism" although there will be excursions into some areas developed in the reading. There will be two hour examinations and a final. One or more of these will be the take-home variety. The principal purpose of the section meetings will be to develop issues arising from the reading. (Livermore)

161. United States, 1865 to the Present. (4). (SS).

This course is an undergraduate survey of American history from 1865 to the present. It examines the major social, political and economic events that shaped America after the Civil War (Reconstruction, Industrialization, Progressivism, the New Deal, WWI and II, McCarthyism, Feminism, the Civil Rights Movement, the Turbulent Sixties, Great Society Liberalism, Reagan Republicanism, etc.). This survey acquaints students with the urban, labor, African-American, and women's history of this period through both primary and secondary sources. Students will attend lectures as well as discussion sections. Cost:4 (Thompson)

197. Freshman Seminar. (4). (HU).
Section 001 War in Your Mind: Myth and History.
You remember clearly the bombing of Baghdad and the Battle of Kuwait. What is your memory of the bombing of Hanoi or of Berlin, or of the Battle of the Bulge? Many of you have parents of the Vietnam generation, grandparents of the Second World War and great-grandparents of the First World War generations, but how do you recall such events of the past? Putting it another way, Americans born in the year of any of those bombings or battles would have been of draft age for the next one: how would they remember war; what would they expect of war? This course first asks you about yourself, then looks to your family's history, and finally turns to literature, popular culture, education and history to ask how past wars are now remembered. It then examines the ways in which the history and myths of wars evolve, the forms they take, and the uses to which they are put in each of our lives and in the political, social, and cultural life of the nation. Each student will write a personal essay, a family history of participation in war, and a short research paper on the literature, art, music, film or history of one of America's wars of the 20th Century. Course materials will include literature and film. Cost:1 WL:3 (Collier)

Section 002 Visions of History: The Russian Revolutionary Experience, 1917-1994. This seminar will explore different visions of Russia's revolutionary experience through the eyes of historians, participants, and observers. It will thus introduce first year students to the varieties of historical writing and viewpoints, as well the fascinating story of Russia's difficult struggle towards a new order. Weekly readings and discussions. Brief essays and a term report in lieu of examinations. (Rosenberg)

200-Level Courses are for Sophomores and Upper Class Students

201. Rome. (4). (HU).
Section 001 The Roman Empire and its Heirs.
A survey of Roman history from the consolidation of the Roman empire in the first century B.C. to the rise of its political heirs in the Mediterranean world in the eighth century A.D. Topics to be discussed include Rome's overseas expansion; the administration of a large empire; the impact of Christianity; the conversion of Constantine; heresy and the imposition of orthodoxy; barbarian kingdoms; Justinian's reconquest; the rise of Islam; and the coronation of Charlemagne as a revived Roman emperor. Readings will include many ancient texts in translation and some modern scholarship. Classes will consist of lectures by the instructor and discussions led by TAs. Final grade is based on two tests, frequent written exercises, and participation in discussions. No prerequisites; everyone welcome. Cost:1, maybe 2 WL:1 (Van Dam)

211/MARC 211. Later Middle Ages, 1100-1500. (4). (SS).

This course will study the institutional, economic, and intellectual development of Europe from the time of the Crusades, when contact with the East were reestablished, to the discovery of the New World, when European expansion moved west over the Atlantic. Some important themes will be the nature of kingship and representative institutions; patterns of urban, economic, and demographic growth; and movements in religious and intellectual life. Some specific topics to be covered include the demands of the secular world for greater religious experience; definitions of orthodoxy and the development of the Inquisition; scholastic thought and Western creativity; feudalism, chivalry, and the Hundred Years War; the Black Death and a fascination with the macabre. Modern interpretations of the period will be supplemented with readings from contemporary documents (chronicles, romances, poetry, sermons, etc.). In addition to a midterm and a final examination, students will write a paper. There are two lectures and one discussion session per week. WL:2 (Hughes)

214/French 214. Interpretations of French Society and Culture. (3). (Excl).

See French 214.

218. The Vietnam War, 1945-1975. (4). (SS).

This course examines the wars that were fought in and around Vietnam from 1945 to 1975, with primary emphasis on the period of heavy American involvement from the mid-1950's. The course seeks to explain the origins, strategy, and impact of U.S. intervention. At the same time the course will explain the motivation of the Vietnam Communists and of their domestic opponents. Thus the Vietnam war will be analyzed both as the longest and most controversial foreign war in American history, and as the climax to an Asian social revolution. Cost:3 WL:1

221. Survey of British History from 1688. (4). (SS).

This lecture course covers the history of Britain in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Topics include: British society and politics in the 18th century; 18th century economic and cultural change; industrialization and the making of modern class identities; the impact of the French revolution on British politics; regional differences and the histories of Scotland and Wales; the "Irish question" in the 19th and 20th centuries; the development of working class politics; Liberalism, Conservatism, and the emergence of Labour politics; gender and the activities and ideas of women; sexuality in the 19th and 20th centuries; imperialism, science, and the ideas about race; the position and activities of Blacks and Asians in Britain; social and cultural modernity; the impact of the two world wars; Britain in the post-colonial era; British-American relations; youth in Britain in the post-war era; the sixties and seventies; Thatcherism; and contemporary British social, political, and cultural movements. Assignments will include several short papers; sections; and a final exam. No special background is required, but familiarity with modern European history would be very useful. Readings will include both primary and secondary materials and both historical and literary sources. Cost:2 WL:4 (Grayzel)

265. A History of the University of Michigan. (3). (HU).

The University of Michigan has been a leader in shaping the modern American university. The course will examine this heritage and history from the perspectives of students, faculty, fields of study, administration, etc. It will explore the factors that have shaped the University and place it within the larger social, political, national, and international context. The only prerequisite is an interest in your University and its place in history. Presentation will be through lectures with slides. Grading will be based on essay/objective exams; term project or research paper; photo quiz to acquaint students with central campus, its architecture and embellishment. Readings will be from a course pack and 2 or 3 required texts. Cost:2 WL:1 (Steneck,Steneck)

275/CAAS 231. Survey of Afro-American History II. (3). (SS).

See CAAS 231. (Barkley-Brown)

300-Level Courses and Above are for Juniors and Seniors

316. History of Eighteenth-Century Europe. (3). (SS).

This course is designed both to treat the period generally, and to introduce problems of comparison. The varying interactions with society of five or six states (at least France, England, Prussia, Russia, Poland) will be studied through lectures, reading, and class discussion. In particular, the aim is to understand why, in what has been called the age of the democratic revolution, that revolution took root in France rather than elsewhere. Students will read first in general works treating the eighteenth century, and then in more detail in the histories of France and several other countries that they will choose for purposes of making comparisons. There will be an hour exam, an essay of eight to ten pages, and a final examination. (Bien)

319. Europe Since 1945. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is to provide a comprehensive critical introduction to European society, culture and politics since the Second World War. Lectures and readings will cover both Eastern and Western Europe, the international arena and the national histories of particular countries, and social and cultural life as well as political developments. The course aims to explore the shaping of the contemporary world and to introduce students to societies and political cultures which are both structurally similar and fundamentally different from their own. Instruction will be via lectures and ad hoc discussion, evaluation via midterm exam and end of term essay or exam. No special background is required; prejudices and preconceptions about European societies are enough. Cost:3-4 WL:2 (Grayzel)

333/Pol. Sci. 396/Slavic 396/REES 396/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS).

See Russian and East European Studies 396. (M. Kennedy)

366. Twentieth-Century American Wars as Social and Personal Experience. (4). (HU).

History 366 will examine the American experience of war in this century. Lectures, readings, films, and discussions will focus not only on the military experience itself, but on how America's wars real and imagined have shaped the country's economy, politics, and culture. The course will also examine the processes of transmission and memory: how Americans who did not fight learned about those who did, and what all Americans have remembered or have been taught to remember about the wars of this century. Finally, we will consider how the nation's wartime conduct, at home and on the battlefield, has fit into long-standing social patterns and behavior such as our alleged propensity for violence. In brief, we will be looking at the American experience of war as inclusively as a semester will allow. (Marwil)

371/WS 371. Women in American History Since 1870. (4). (Excl).

This course will examine how social constructions of gender, race, class, and sexuality have shaped women's lives in the U.S. from the Civil War to the present, and how some women have pushed at the boundaries of those constructions through, for example, changing patterns of work, leisure, education, and intimacy; through political activism; through labor organizing; through involvement in a variety of social movements; and through popular culture. We will emphasize the diversity of women's historical experiences by region as well as by social category, and will situate those experiences in the larger contexts of social, economic, and political change on local, national, and even global levels. Requirements include a midterm, a final, and a paper, as well as active participation in discussion sections. Films will be shown. Cost:2 WL:4 (Guerin-Gonzales)

382. History of the Jews from the Spanish Expulsion to the Eve of Enlightenment. (3). (Excl).

This course will survey major trends in Jewish history from the break-up of the medieval order to the emergence of a new order in eighteenth-century Europe. The unifying theme will be the emergence and spread of Lurianic Kabbalah within Jewish society, culminating in the Sabbatian movement and the rise of Hassidism in Eastern Europe. The course deals with three broad episodes: the dispersion of the Spanish exiles and the rise of new communities in the Mediterranean; the impact on European Jewry of the Reformation, the Counter-Reformation and the rise of the Atlantic states; and the rise of Eastern European Jewry. Requirements for the course: midterm and final exams, term paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Bodian)

386. The Holocaust. (4). (Excl).

This course will attempt to answer some of the most vexing historical problems surrounding the Nazi regime's systematic extermination of six million Jews during World War II. For example: What role did Christian hostility to Judaism play in the growth of genocidal racism in Germany? How did German political traditions prepare the way for Nazi authoritarianism? Why did the German people acquiesce in the Nazi program of mass murder? Why did the American and British governments refuse to come to the aid of European Jews? How did European Jews behave in crisis and extremity? Was the Holocaust "unique"? There will be a midterm, a paper of 10 to 15 pages, and a comprehensive final. Cost:2 WL:1 (Endelman)

391. Topics in European History. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 History of Ethnology. This is a new lecture course on the history of ethnology (or anthropology). It will deal with the history and prehistory of anthropology as a discipline in the university, and some attention will be given to the variety of ethnological ideas in various cultures and at different historical times. (Trautmann)

Section 002 Yugoslavia: From Its Formation through Its Destruction. After a brief examination of the histories of the various peoples who were brought together in Yugoslavia, this course shall concentrate on Yugoslavia from its creation at the end of World War I to the present warfare in Croatia and Bosnia that has followed its breakup in 1991-92. Major topics covered will be: the state's creation in 1918-19; the nature of that state and the beginnings of ethnic animosity; the partition of Yugoslavia by the Germans in World War II and the resistance movements and civil war that followed; Tito's state; the break with the Soviet Union; Yugoslavia's specific socialism; the seeds for destruction that sprouted in the 1970s and 1980s; the process of break-up and the wars that followed. Grades will be based on a 10-page paper (topic of student choice), an hour exam, and a final exam (both are entirely essays exams). (J.Fine)

392. Topics in Asian and African History. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Technology and Colonialism.
We will read classical and less classical studies, high- and lower-culture novels and memoirs, travel guides, maps, time-tables, and statistics. We will try to understand how machines and people behaved building together the complex and bewildering culture we call modern colonialism. Hopefully, we will learn something about machines and colonialism as well as about ourselves and our present technological age. There will be no midterm or final exam, but each student will write a final paper on a theme related to the theme of the course. (Mrázek)

396. History Colloquium. History concentrators are required to elect Hist. 396 or 397. (4). (SS).May be elected for a total of 12 credits.

Enrollment limited to history concentrators needing ECB requirement and by override only. Apply for overrides at 4633 Haven Hall Monday, Nov. 14 from 1-5 p.m. Students may be dropped for non-attendance at the first meeting of History 396 or 397. All students must take action at CRISP to make sure that their official schedule of courses matches the courses they are attending.

Section 001 The Church and the Jews. The course will examine the complex relationship between the Western Church and the Jews, from the time of the Church Fathers. It will analyze ideas and policies regarding Jews as expressed in different realms, from theology and canon law to church art and popular preaching. It will also attempt to survey the factors which led to striking changes in church attitudes and policy, with emphasis on the interplay of the theological legacy and evolving realities. A term paper is required. Cost:2 WL:3 (Bodian)

Section 002 Social History of the U.S. Civil War. Although much has been written about the political and military aspects of the Civil War, scholars have almost completely ignored the social history of that conflict. This undergraduate research and writing seminar will try to advance our limited knowledge of this area by having the participants do original research on the social aspects of that struggle on the homefront and on the battlefield. After some introductory readings about the Civil War, each student will select a research topic. The course is designed to teach students how to do original research and to write a comprehensive research paper. The instructor and a graduate student assistant will work with the students on a series of short written assignments in preparation for their final paper. The final paper for the course will be approximately 30-50 pages long and will be based upon primary and secondary sources about the social history of the Civil War. WL:2 (Vinovskis)

Section 003 Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and America. Attitudes toward witchcraft are extremely revealing as a way to understand early modern society, community structure, gender relations, intellectual and religious attitudes, and legal culture. The phenomenon of witchcraft has produced an enormous array of modern reactions, ranging from historical and anthropological analyses, to satanic and feminist revivals of witchcraft practice, to popular, sensationalized novels and movies. This course is designed to expose students to the wide variety of mystical, political, literary, historical, and anthropological approaches taken toward the subject of witchcraft. Students will read and interpret trial records, diaries, sermons, and modern popular and scholarly works. Geographically, material ranges from Salem, Massachusetts to Russia. Course designed as a Junior/Senior seminar for History concentrators and RC students. Requirements: participation weekly discussion sections, oral presentation, three short papers, and a longer research paper, which will be reviewed in draft form. (Kivelson)

Section 004 Public and Private Spheres in Ancient Greece. This course traces the development of ancient Greek ideas about the relation between public and private life, from Homer to the Hellenistic period. Special background is not necessary. Students will be evaluated on the basis of contributions of class discussion and a number of short papers. Course meets for one two-hour lecture/discussion session per week. Cost:2 WL:2 (Humphreys)

Section 005 Law and Authority in Modern European History. This seminar will consider, from a variety of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, the question of how individuals and groups are thought of as subjects of the law that is: how do different conceptions of law depend upon and bring into being their own image of the rights-bearing/law-bound subject?; how is behavior authorized by law understood from distinct theoretical standpoints (from the perspectives, say, of liberal political theory, cultural anthropology, or psychoanalysis)?; how is legal authority institutionally embodied and rhetorically justified?; what is the relationship between self-governance and legal submission, between custom and codified law, between law and desire?; what role does difference (cultural, racial, gender) play in conceptualizing law and authority? In pursuing questions such as these we will consult the work of Locke, Rousseau, Nietzsche, Freud, and Elias, among others. As this description suggests, the emphasis of the seminar will be thematic rather than strictly chronological, and will stress the theoretical bases for legal subjectivity over issues concerning the workings of any single model of law. As such, while those with an interest in the practice of law are welcomed, they should not expect either a preview of or a primer for professional legal studies. (Burney)

Section 006 Michigan in the Era of Industrialization. This course will focus on the period in Michigan history from 1880-1920. It will examine several themes in that period including immigration, industrialization, settlement patterns, etc. A general familiarity with United States history is required. History colloquia are conducted in the seminar format and are limited to a small number of students. As a result, emphasis is placed on student participation in discussions. Each student will be required to write a major research paper that will draw on the resources of the Bentley Historical Library, which contains original manuscripts and archives relating to the history of the state. The course provides an opportunity for students to gain familiarity with a critical period in the industrial and social history of the U.S. and to do original historical research. Grades will be based on a midterm exam, class discussion, and a seminar paper. Cost:2 WL:2 (Blouin)

Section 007 History of the Cold War. This course will examine episodes and themes in the history of the Cold War, with chronological coverage extending from 1941 to the present. Primary emphasis, in class discussions and in written work, will be placed upon conflicting interpretations of events and developments. Participation in weekly discussions and the preparation of a major paper are required. The textbook is Walter LaFeber, America, Russia and the Cold War (6th ed.). (Perkins)

Section 008 Nationalist Culture. The notion of "culture" has played a central and defining role throughout the turbulent history of nationalism. In what ways are culture as a concept and specific cultural products complicit with the phenomenon of nationalism? Representations of the "nation" in film, art, and literature will be our focus in this colloquium, and texts examined will include films and novellas from Russia, France, Spain, North and South America, and Japan. Topics will include the construction of a new idea of "nation" during the French Revolution, American race and nationality, Romantic painting and the boundaries of empires, minority cultures and national liberation movements, Zionist national identity, Nazi culture, resistance to colonization, and the attempts to forge a multinational, European identity. Students write three short papers and one final paper, and work intensively on the writing and rewriting of these essays. Please reserve Wednesday evenings (5:00 7:00) for periodic film screenings. (Spector)

431. Byzantine Empire, 867-1453. (3). (Excl).

A survey taking the Byzantine Empire from the accession of the Macedonians till the Empire's fall to the Ottomans. The course focuses on both internal political history and foreign affairs (relations with the west; the great Church split between Rome and Constantinople; relations with Crusaders and with Slavic neighbors Russians, Bulgarians, and Serbs, relations with the Seljuk and Ottoman Turks). The main texts are: Ostrogorsky's HISTORY OF THE BYZANTINE STATE, and Jenkins' BYZANTIUM: THE IMPERIAL CENTURIES; and for the final two centuries, Nichol's THE LAST CENTURIES OF BYZANTIUM. Flexible requirements: Besides the final examination, various options exist: (1) a short paper and hour exam; (2) a longer paper and no hour exam. (J.Fine)

432. Russia to Peter the Great. (3). (Excl).

Since medieval times, Westerners have brought back tales of exoticism and barbarism from Russia to their homelands, but few have taken the time to understand the nature of Russian society and culture. This course attempts to examine early Russian society in its own terms, while also studying the historiographic tradition and the issues at stake for the various historians of the field. The course spans the history of Russia from the ninth century, when written records begin, to Peter the Great at the end of the seventeenth century. Topics include the formation of the Russian state, the conversion to Orthodox Christianity, the invasion of the Mongol horde, and the reign of Ivan the Terrible. The course emphasizes interpretive issues, historiographic debates and questions of historical method. Class sessions will combine lecture and discussion. Students will be evaluated on the basis of two short papers (5-7 pages), a midterm and a final exam. There are no prerequisites. Cost:3 WL:4 (Kivelson)

434. History of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of fifteen independent republics, the experience of Communism in Russia and Eastern Europe is being rethought as if the seeds of destruction had been planted already in the revolution. This course looks at the complex evolution of political structures, social developments, and cultural responses during the 70 years of the Soviet system. Beginning with the prerevolutionary crises and political movements, it surveys the rise of Stalin, the building of a "totalitarian" state, and the successive reforms that ultimately unraveled the system. Students are required to attend two lectures and one discussion section each week, prepare a term project, and take two take-home examinations (midterm and final). WL:1 (Rosenberg)

439. Eastern Europe Since 1900. (3). (Excl).

This course will survey the 20th century history of the countries between Germany and the former Soviet Union. We will begin by examining how the new states which arose out of the First World War struggled with the national and social tensions they inherited. World War II will be studied primarily as the catalyst for the social and political transformations which came afterwards, and special attention will be given to the Holocaust. The second half of the course will provide a survey of the era of Soviet domination, and we will end by trying to make sense of what was left standing when the Berlin Wall fell. There will be three exams, each made up of one part to be taken in class, and another to be written at home. Class discussion will be an important part of the course, and attendance is mandatory. Cost:2 WL:1 (Porter)

448/CAAS 448. Africa Since 1850. (3). (SS).

This is the second of a two sequence lecture course designed to introduce students to central themes in Sub-Saharan African history from 1850 to the present. It will deal with such issues as the abolition of the slave trade, the rise of legitimate commerce, European penetration and imperial systems, physical confrontation, colonial subjugation, underdevelopment, nationalism and decolonisation. Cost:4 (Atkins)

451. Japan Since 1800. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to convey an understanding of the history of modern Japan. That aim will be pursued through lectures, readings, discussions, and written exercises. The lectures (supplemented with slides) will attempt (1) to analyze the major developments in her modern evolution; (2) to explain the rise and fall of Japan's empire; and (3) to identify the reasons for her emergence as a major world power today. There is a midterm and a final examination plus possibly two short writing assignments. Text for the course is W.G. Beasly, The Rise of Modern Japan (St. Martin's Press, 1990). Other reading assignments will be organized in a course pack. Cost:3 WL:1 (Hastings)

455. Classical India and the Coming of Islam 320-1526 A.D. (3). (Excl).

The greater part of this course concerns itself with the history of ancient India in its classical age beginning with the empire of the Guptas, and attempts to analyse the components of Indian civilization in its classical form (kinship, caste, political organization, religious institutions). It then examines the Turkish invasions and the challenges posed by Islamic rule. This is a lecture course, and it presumes no prior study of India on the part of any of its participants (except the professor). Both undergrads and grad students are welcome. (Trautmann)

467. The United States Since 1933. (4). (SS). Laboratory fee ($3.50) required.

The course provides a comprehensive view of American history and of life in America from the Great Depression to the present day. Among the subjects treated are the New Deal; World War II; the Cold War; McCarthy and McCarthyism; the Fair Deal; the New Frontier; the Great Society; the turbulence of the 1960's (the Black revolt and Black power, the counterculture and youth revolt, the new feminism and women's liberation); the war in Vietnam; Nixon and the Watergate affair; the 1980s and the Reagan presidency; and the presidencies of Bush and Clinton. Several paperbacks are assigned for the course, but no textbook is used. There is a midterm and a final examination in the course, and a paper is required. Cost:3 WL:4, a student may also visit the faculty office to see about getting on a Waitlist into the course. (S.Fine)

477. Latin America: The National Period. (4). (SS).

This course examines the history of Latin America from the early nineteenth century until the present. The approach is both thematic and chronological, focusing on: (1) the colonial heritage, political independence, and the development of new forms of political rule; (2) agrarian transformations and labor systems; (3) urban growth and industrialization; (4) nationalism and struggles to define national cultures; (5) social constructions of racial, ethnic and gender identities; and (6) revolutionary movements and military responses. Selected regions will be discussed under each topic, with a particular emphasis on Haiti, Mexico, Brazil, Cuba, the Andean republics, and Central America. Students may sign up for a special Languages Across the Curriculum section (section 4). This section, taught in Spanish, will carry one additional hour of credit, which may be applied toward an Advanced Second-Language Competence certificate. (Caulfield)

491/Econ. 491. The History of the American Economy. Econ. 201 or 202. (3). (Excl).

See Economics 491. (Levenstein)

494/Econ. 494. Topics in Economic History. Econ. 201 and 202. (3). (Excl).

See Economics 494. (Dye)

A course number in the 500s does not indicate a more difficult or advanced course than one in the 400s.

517. History of Ireland Since 1603. (3). (HU).

A narrative history of modern Ireland from the time of the collapse of Gaelic culture at the Tudor conquest until the present. Lectures will treat aspects of cultural and social as well as political history. The main texts will be Moody and Martin, The Course of Irish History, and R.F. Foster's Modern Ireland 1600-1972. Course work will include a sequence of periodic brief quizzes, one term paper, a final examination. There is no course prerequisite and no prior knowledge of Ireland is required. Cost:2 WL:4 (McNamara)

538. The Ottoman Enterprise. Hist. 110 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course covers the history of the Near East from the arrival of the Turks in Asia Minor in the eleventh century to the heyday of Ottoman rule in the seventeenth century. In addition to the central area, we will also look at some topics in the history of Inner Asia and Iran insofar as they affected the Mediterranean. Among special subjects treated are: nomadic society in history, the Mongols in the Near East, the end of the Byzantine Empire, the growth and spread of Turkish culture, the economic history of the Mediterranean in the age of discovery, the conquest and governance of the Balkans in the age of the Renaissance and Reformation, the comparative social history of town and countryside, and like subjects. Classes will consist of lectures and discussions of the required readings (drawn from contemporary sources, for the most part). Undergraduates will be required to take two exams and prepare a book report on a topic to be chosen in consultation with the instructor. (Lindner)

542. Modern Iran and the Gulf States. (3). (Excl).

This course will concentrate on the 20th century evolution of Iran. The course will focus on the rise and fall of the Pahlevi dynasty with appropriate attention given to those elements of Safavid and Qajar Persia which shaped the formation of modern Arab sates around the Gulf and the evolution of the "Arab Gulf" concept. The histories of these nations will be treated in the context of the regional and international relations of these countries to both the Eastern and Western worlds, "defense" strategies in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean and, of course, the central issue of energy and oil. A central concern will be the implications for internal, regional and international policies of the rising wave of Muslim "revival" and "fundamentalism" as dramatised in the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Lectures will be laced with discussions; term paper, midterm and a final examination are required. Cost:4 (Cole)

550. Imperial China: Ideas, Men, and Society. (3). (HU).

This is a systematic analysis of state, society, men, and ideas in Imperial China from 221 B.C. to the end of the 18th century. Each dynasty or period is examined by its characteristic development and unique features. The following topics are to be covered: (1) the concept and structure of empire; (2) soldiers, diplomacy, and war; (3) society, cities, and literature; (4) barbarian challenge, economic development, and social change; 5) state, society, and culture in early modern China. The course is open to all undergraduates and graduates. Cost:4 WL:1 (Chang)

559. U.S. Diplomacy from 1914. (3). (Excl).

This course examines American diplomacy since the outbreak of World War I. Major topics include entry into and participation in the two World Wars, the origins and development of the Cold War, the war in Vietnam and the diplomacy of the post-Vietnam era. Although extensive attention is given to the world setting in which America acted, the primary emphasis is upon the formulation and execution of American policy, including investigation of the forces, domestic and foreign, which influenced it. A textbook and reading for a term paper are required. In addition to the paper, an hour exam and a final examination are required. Cost:1 WL:3 (Perkins)

569/LHC 412 (Business Administration). American Business History. Junior, senior, or graduate standing. (3). (Excl).

A study of the origins, development, and growth of business. The course traces the beginnings of business enterprise in Europe and describes business activities during the American colonial, revolutionary, and pre-Civil War periods. It then discusses economic aspects of the Civil War, post-Civil War industrial growth, business consolidation and the anti-trust movement, economic aspects of World War I, business conditions during the 1920s, effects of the 1929 depression and the New Deal upon business, economic aspects of World War II, postwar business developments, and current business trends. (Lewis)

582. History of Criminal Law in England and America. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the history of the criminal justice in England and America from the medieval period to modern times. It deals with political and social theories regarding the institutions and ideas of the criminal law and with the relationship between society and legal norms. Among the subjects included in the scheme of the course are: the history of the criminal trial jury, its relationship to other institutions of the criminal law and its role with respect to the interaction of social attitudes and the formal processes of the criminal law; the use of the criminal law for counteracting disintegration of basic social institutions; political trials; theories of punishment; the development in the United States of constitutionally protected rights of defendants in criminal cases. This course is intended for students interested in Anglo-American history, for those interested in government and law, for those interested in the history of the relationship between social institutions and theories of criminal sanctions and for those interested in the origins and development of the central ideas and institutions of American constitutional and legal history. Course requirements: twelve-pg., take-home, midterm essay based in part on documents, and a final examination. (Green)

592. Topics in Asian and African History. Upperclassmen and graduates. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Modern Indonesia.
The course will be a historical survey of Indonesia by far the largest and socially most complex nation in the area between India and China. Scholarly treatments will be read as well as novels, memoirs and travel guides; movies will be shown. Generally accepted notions of colonialism, revolution, progress, and tradition will be studied and questioned. Comparative approach will be used, but the course's basic aim is to heighten students' sensitivity to the particular nation's exotic and important history and culture. There will be a midterm, a final, and a term paper. (Mrázek)

Section 002 Culture and Colonialism in Southeast Asia: A Comparative Perspective. For Winter Term, 1995, this section is offered jointly with Anthropology 458.002. (Stoler)

593. Topics in U.S. and Latin American History. Juniors, seniors and graduates. (1). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 Epidemics and Social History. A minicourse meeting Mondays and Wednesdays, January 11 February 6, 1995. This course, taught by one of Brazil's foremost social historians, will discuss the different ways urban populations and policy-makers responded to epidemics such as yellow fever, cholera, and smallpox, that ravaged diverse urban centers in the nineteenth and early twentieth-centuries. A major focus will be the role of epidemics in the construction of theories of "civilization" and "scientific" racism in Latin American, U.S., and European cities. Finally, the course will consider popular healing practices that competed with official methods of disease control in Brazil, particularly those derived from Afro-Brazilian medical knowledge and practices. (Chalhoub)

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