Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).
Section 001 Political Theories of the Family.
We will read historical and contemporary texts on the relation between the state and gender roles, and also consider the gendered character of political tracts and theories. Questions to be considered include: what is "private" and what is "public"? What do concepts such as "family," "sexuality," "sex," and "gender" mean? (Stevens)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Walton)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course examines how democracy evolves and functions in different settings. We start with the emergence of democracy in Western Europe, examining the factors that give rise to it and help it survive. We then examine the origins of fascism in Germany and Japan; and the rise of communism in Russia and China, attempting to understand why these alternatives to democracy flourished in those settings and why they later collapsed. This leads to an analysis of the current struggle between reformers and hardliners over the move to market economies and liberal democracy in Russia, China and Eastern Europe. Finally, we examine the probable evolution of democracy in advanced industrial societies. In addition to two lectures, there are two meetings a week in relatively small discussion sections, designed to encourage active discussion of these topics. Cost:3 (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes world politics from a broad and general perspective, explaining and exploring the principles that undergird the operation of the global political system and illustrating those principles with contemporary material. The course begins by examining the basic structural features of the global political system. It considers the development of states, nationalism and nation states and then assesses the importance in the contemporary era of other actors, such as international governmental, international non-governmental, and transnational organizations. Several factors shaping the foreign policy behavior of states are considered next. Attention is then shifted to the techniques of foreign policy behavior diplomacy and negotiations, economic aid and sanctions, and the use or threat of use of military force. Finally, overall patterns of conflict and cooperation are studied. (Jacobson)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

This course deals with the central issues in the Arab-Israeli conflict in both historical and contemporary terms. The course will begin by examining the roots of Arab and Jewish nationalism and conflicting Arab and Jewish claims to Palestine prior to and during the period of the British Mandate. During the first part of the course, we will examine the growing clash between the Zionist Yishuv (settlement) and the Arabs of Palestine and the transformation of this clash into a long-term confrontation between Israel and the Arab states. The second and main part of this course covers a period of forty years (1947-1987) and analyzes the causes and effects of the six wars between Israel and the Arab states. The third part of the course begins with the Palestinian intifada and concludes with an analysis of the progress made in the present ongoing negotiations for peace as well as prospects for the future. There are no prerequisites for this course. However, students will be expected to read extensively, attend lectures and participate actively in sections taught by teaching assistants. WL:1 (Levey)

361. Current Issues in World Politics. (1-4). (Excl).
Section 001 Globalization, Democratization, and Neonationalisms.
For Winter Term, 1995, this section is offered jointly with Anthropology 298.001. (Dashti)

396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS).

See Russian and East European Studies 396. (M. Kennedy)

401. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The principal theorists who have influenced political thought and development in the period from the seventeenth century to the present. (Cahill)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course is concerned with civil liberties in the American constitutional system. It will focus on decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, but will also draw on literature from other sources. The primary substantive aim of the course is to help students develop a theoretically informed understanding of civil liberties and of the institutional devices for enforcing them. Additional aims include helping students to read and criticize political texts, to assess constitutional arguments, and to think and write more rigorously. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Written work will consist of the following: one paper (20% of grade); participation in a moot court, for which each student will prepare and submit either a brief of counsel or a judicial opinion (40%); and a final examination (40%). Prerequisite: A basic understanding of American institutional politics and American history. Some exposure to political theory is helpful, but not required. Cost:2 WL:4 (Brandon)

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the role of the president and his administration in U.S. politics. Topics will include the election of the president, and the nature of interactions between the administration and other institutions inside and outside of government. Particular attention will be paid to the legislative activity of administrations. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is required. Cost:2 WL:1 (Forshee)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative elections; coalition-building; committee policy making; floor voting decisions; legislative-executive relations; legislative rules and procedures; congress and policy-making. Requirements: midterm and final examinations, papers. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kingdon)

418/WS 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Politicians, the media, and even average citizens often talk about "woman's issues" as if the meaning of that term were obvious. But women have very different stands, both on what should be considered a women's issue, and on what the substantive outcomes should be. This course will explore the political mobilization of women and political divisions among women and women's groups by focusing upon specific public policies. The topics covered will include the Equal Rights Amendment, the electoral gender gap, employment discrimination, family and work issues, divorce and female-headed households, sexual violence, and abortion. Students will be asked to write and revise several short papers on the weekly readings. Cost:3 WL:1 (Lin)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl).

See Communication 420. (Hubbard)

422/WS 422. Feminist Political Theory. Junior standing, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course explores the politics of gender, as analyzed and articulated by various feminist theorists. Although readings are drawn from several disciplines (e.g., philosophy, psychology, as well as political theory), the primary focus of this course is on the political implications and/or consequences of different feminist frameworks. This entails both a consideration of how feminist analyses complicate and enhance the study of politics, and how political assumptions shape the study of gender. The class will be structured as a seminar, supplemented by occasional lectures. Students will be evaluated on contributions to class discussion and 3 short (5-7 page) essays. Cost:2 WL:1 (Wingrove)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (3). (Excl).

This course reviews basic issues of political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. Among the themes to be stressed this term are democracy and prospects for democratization, cultural transformation and politics, the evolution of civil society and new social movements, political parties, and the issue of violence. Cases will be drawn from all over Latin America with particular attention to Venezuela, Peru, Central America, Mexico, and Brazil. Requirements include several take home exams, an extended book review and a final examination. (Levine)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

451/Judaic Studies 451. The Politics and Culture of Modern East European Jewry. A course in East European and/or Jewish history, and Comparative Politics is recommended. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the political and cultural history of modern East European Jewry over the last hundred years. By doing so, we aim to illuminate interrelationships between ethnicity, politics and culture. We study how East European Jews developed means for dealing with states and societies that regarded them as alien; how states dealt with this ethno-religious minority; and, more generally, how states manage multiethnic societies. Ideologies, movements, parties and institutions are analyzed, partly through literature, folklore, music, and art. Requirements include midterm and final examinations and a term paper. (Gitelman)

457. Governments and Politics of India and South Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course, which is primarily intended for undergraduates, will acquaint students with the government and politics of India the world's largest democracy. The first part of the course will provide students with a brief overview of the historical legacies, institutional structures and social framework within which Indian politics operates. The second segment of the course focuses on a discussion of post-1947 Indian politics and will seek to develop an analytic framework to understand Indian politics thematically rather than as a mere enumeration of events. In the final two weeks students will be expected to use the framework developed in the first two segments of the course to address issues of contemporary relevance such as the separatist movements in Kashmir and Punjab, increasing sectarian violence, such as Hindu-Muslim and inter-caste violence and threats to Indian secularism. Students may also choose to focus their attention on the problems of economic development in India, especially the slow alleviation of poverty, the stagnant industrial development or the lack of effort in developing an infrastructure. Students will be expected to read extensively, do some original library research and take an active role in class discussion. There will be three short exams and a class presentation which will form the basis of a long term paper. (Chhibber)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (3). (Excl).

Introduces the political economy of development in Africa by exploring the relationship between economic organization and identity choice. Begins with an investigation of household economies and their governance in pre-colonial Africa, the introduction of money, and the impact of trade on social organization. Investigates the emergence of new class identities and the effects of political institutions on these. Concludes with a discussion f the changes in social, economic, and political life occurring today. (Widner)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines foreign economic relations using three major approaches: the Liberal, the Marxist, and the Realist. After a brief overview of the history of the international political economy in the 19th and 20th centuries, we study a series of institutions in the contemporary world, including the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community, among others. We also discuss a number of issues relevant to the Third World, including development strategies, multinational corporations, foreign aid and the debt crisis. We conclude with an overview of some contemporary issues, such as the new protectionism and the North American Free Trade Area. Cost:3 WL:4 (Pahre)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

This course will examine a number of theoretical and empirical issues related to the national security policies of states. The topics to be covered in the class will include: deterrence theory, nuclear proliferation, arms control, international peacekeeping operations, strategies of crisis bargaining and diplomacy, and the impact of public opinion on security policy. These topics will be examined in the context of both US security policy towards Europe as well as the Third World. Classes will be conducted largely as lectures but discussion will be welcomed. Students will be graded on the basis of 3 exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

474. International Relations of India and South Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

An Examination of the foreign policies and related domestic politics of India with attention to contrasting policies and politics in Pakistan and Bangladesh. South Asian relations with China, the U.S. and the former Soviet Union will also be examined. The course will be structured around major international relations theories as they apply to the South Asian case studies. (Schiff)

475. Soviet and Russian Foreign Policy. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Russian Foreign Policy.
The course focuses on the international behavior of the Soviet Union and its primary successor state, Russia. The course will on focus on U.S.-Soviet and U.S.-Russian relations, the rise and fall of the Soviet empire in Europe and post-Soviet Russian relations with Eastern Europe and the Soviet successor states. Recommended as background: PS 160, CREES 395. Assignments will emphasize the link between writing style and content in several different formats relevant to politics and political science. There will be a final but no midterm. (Zimmerman)

476. International Relations of the Middle East. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course analyzes both the interaction of the states of the Middle East with extra-regional powers and the relations between the states of the regions. Chronologically, we will deal mainly with the post-World War Two period. The policies of the four "Great Powers" figure prominently in this course. Britain and to a lesser extent France played important roles in the Middle East during the period 1945-1956. By the mid-1950's and especially following the Suez-Sinai campaign of 1956, Soviet-American rivalry heavily influenced events in the region. This course will deal with topics such as the Middle East as a regional system, irredentism, specific foci of regional conflict and "the oil factor." Much attention will be devoted to the foreign policies of the Arab states and to relations between them. Students should note that this course will not deal extensively with the Arab-Israeli conflict. Students participating in this course should have some familiarity with post-World War Two international relations. WL:1 (Levey)

479/CAAS 479. International Relations of Africa. (3). (SS).

This course is designed to give students an understanding of the international behavior of contemporary Subsaharan Africa and its component states. The course will be oriented to an analysis of the tendency of these states to stress moral values as guides to action in world politics. The general argument of the course will be that this tendency is the result of the problems and opportunities faced by relatively new states in a world long dominated by the rich industrialised countries. (Twumasi)

485. Public Sector Decision Processes. One course in political science. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Business Interests In American Politics.
This course will examine the role of business interests and lobbying in American national policy making. Major themes will be the relationship between business and government, how lobbying groups organize, how political institutions such as parties, legislatures, executives, and courts relate to organized interests, and how political activity by business groups has influenced economic policy. Lecture and discussion. There will be two tests and an optional paper. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kollman)

488. Political Dynamics. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

Will a single presidential candidate emerge from the primaries or will we have a brokered convention? Do arms races lead to war? Why do popular movements get started, grow, and then often subside without accomplishing their goals? Is the earth growing warmer and what should be done about it politically? Questions of this kind are not easily answered with unaided intuition. Social systems grow organically, and their parts interact in different ways at different times. Feedback loops cause many reforms to have the opposite of the intended effect. The purpose of this course is to bring systems thinking to bear on political dynamics. A few simple but powerful mathematical ideas will be taught and applied to a variety of political issues. Students will learn to experiment with dynamics and forecasting on personal computers, using primarily graphical methods. The course is meant to be experimental and applied rather than theoretical. A prerequisite of one prior course in political science is suggested. (Achen)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 Comparative Peasant Politics.
The principal focus of this course will be on different situations in which peasant political movements emerge. Peasant politics is here considered in the broadest possible terms, including not only the dramatic revolutionary upheavals of the twentieth century, but also the myriad forms of political action that fall well short of armed rebellion: conservative movements, trade unionism, and individualized "everyday resistance." In addition, the role that the peasantry has sometimes played in economic development and state-building will be a secondary focus. The material will be drawn principally from the experiences of Latin American and African peasantries, but no exhaustive study of any particular region will be attempted. Course grades will be assigned on the basis of a midterm, a research paper, and a take-home final exam. (Kurtz)

Section 002 Conflicting Constructions of National Identity in Eastern Europe Today. This course attempts to establish the contours and dimensions of national identity in Eastern Europe during the post-Communist period. In the context of the sociology of knowledge, social psychology, and political science it explores the major characteristics of national identity patterns throughout the region and focuses on the most contentious issues which have stemmed from the resurfaced ethnic and nationality tensions due to the transition from state-socialism to democracy. Intense reading and discussion required. Student evaluation will be based on participation and written exams. Cost:3 WL:3 (Csepeli)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Political Education and Citizenship.
This course examines the relationship between education and democratic politics by posing the question, what kind of education best prepares citizens for life in a democracy? Readings from classical and contemporary political theory will be used to explore different conceptions of the democratic citizen, the skills and/or knowledge required to be a citizen, and the effects of educational experiences on political awareness and capacity. Students will be evaluated on contributions to class discussion, a mid-term essay examination, and a final paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Wingrove)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Ethnicity and Politics in the Former Soviet Union.
The seminar examines how the former Soviet Union dealt with its nationalities and how the successor states to the USSR are managing ethnicity. We study the ideologies which shaped policies toward nationalities, the policies themselves, and how nationalities reacted to those policies. The historical and ideological evolution of Soviet nationality policy is analyzed, concentrating on language and personnel policies, resource allocation, ethnicity and religion, ethnic relations, and demography. We evaluate the resurgence of ethnicity in the former Soviet Union and its domestic and foreign implications. Requirements include extensive readings, class participation, and the preparation of an original research paper. The seminar assumes some background in Soviet, post-Soviet or East European politics or history. (Gitelman)

Section 002 The Politics of Economic Change. This undergraduate seminar is designed to present an overview of the field of the political economy of development. Readings will be conceptually organized around political variables that scholars have found to have an impact on economic change. As such, readings will be taken from a wide variety of geographical areas and time periods. The first political variable whose role we will assess is the State. That will be followed by an examination of interest groups, institutions and ideas and their impact on economic change. The final segment of the course will address two other political variables that may affect economic policy and change: politicians manipulating economic policy for maintaining political support and the role of gender in promoting economic growth. Students should be prepared to read extensively. Formal course requirements include 3 short papers or a 25-30 page term paper, a midterm examination and class participation. A quarter of the grade (25 percent) will be assigned on the basis of class presentations while the midterm will account for 30 percent of the grade. The remaining 45 percent of the grade will be determined by written assignments which may be either three 6-8 papers or a long research paper on a problem or geographical area of choosing. (Chhibber)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Governing the New World Order.
With the demise of the USSR and the end of the Cold War, Western leaders began to talk of a new world order, suggesting that the global system would soon become more peaceful, prosperous, and healthful. Our first task will be to measure the extent to which this promise is coming true. Since such progress, if at all, has been minuscule, our second task is to examine alternative explanations. One such explanation is the absence of effective institutions for global governance, and thus our third task is to develop and evaluate ideas for creating such institutions. We will use two or three texts and read independently in the scholarly journals. There will be three written assignments and no final exam. Cost:1 WL:1 (Singer)

Section 002: Political Development. This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

586/IPPS 586. Organizational Design. Pol. Sci. 585 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 002.
This course is designed to acquaint students with organizations from several perspectives. One perspective is the individual working in the context of an organization. Most people graduating from IPPS will be working in organizations, and this course should help them think about what kinds of organizations and what kinds of positions are most appropriate for them. Another perspective is related to this first one in that within organizations, most people will be working with other people. The course should acquaint the student with some of the issues involved in working in small groups. The third perspective is of the analyst who will be asked to do analyses that are organizationally sensitive and to propose appropriate solutions. Finally, and related to the third perspective is that many people who graduate from this program will sooner or later be making managerial decisions. The course presents theory and opportunities for practice relevant to the last two concerns. The major assignments in this course consist of an oral briefing which will be carried out by small groups and two projects which have both group and individual components. In addition there will be readings, discussions and at least one "think piece" assignment. (Feldman)

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