Courses in American Culture (Division 315)

Unless otherwise stated, the permission required for the repetition for credit of specifically designated courses is that of the student's concentration or BGS advisor.

102. First Year Seminar in American Studies. Limited to Freshpersons and Sophomores. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Sub-cultures of Professionalism.
"After College, What?" Generations of college students have had to consider what career path to enter. Once a religious calling, in the late 19th century there emerged the culture of professionalism. We will examine this culture. First, we will trace the rise of the graduate schools and analyze credentializing and professionalization. Then, focusing on law, medicine, and college teaching, we will discuss the ideologies that govern these professions. Using autobiographies and memoirs, as well as sociological and historical texts, we will illuminate how careers have been shaped in the U.S. since the Civil War. We will ask how race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation have operated to bar or attract candidates. Topics for discussion include: feminization, proletarianization, and the competing goals of salary vs. service. Attention will be paid to the dilemmas and conflicts of balancing private life choices with professionalism. The format will be lecture and discussion. Class participation, a take-home midterm and two small papers are required. (Palmieri)

170/Hist. 170/UC 170/Women's Studies 210. New Worlds: Colonialism and Cultural Encounters. First-year students only. (4). (Introductory Composition).

This is a multi-disciplinary and cross-cultural course that is offered to first-year students only. Its subject is early North American history and culture defined broadly to encompass what is today Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean as well as the United States. Drawing on the theoretical framework suggested by the historian James Merrell, this course begins with the assumption that North America was a "new world" for not only the English, French, Spanish, and other Europeans who conquered, explored, missionized, and settled the region, but also for the Africans whom Europeans enslaved and brought to the colonies by force and the Native Americans whose ancestors had occupied the territory for thousands of years. The format of this course is unusual. Students will attend a twice-weekly lecture plus enroll in one of five, twice-weekly discussion sections or seminars. Reading-intensive and writing-intensive course. WL:1 (Karlsen)

Section 002 Close Encounters: Gender, Sexuality, and the Making of a Nation. (Paris)

Section 003 Struggles for Freedom: Slavery and Emancipation in Early American Culture and Society. (Rommel-Ruiz)

Section 004 Rewriting the Conquest: Representations of the Caribbean in Travel and other Narratives. (Lagos)

Section 005 A Militant New World: War, Peace, and Trade on North America's Middle Ground. (Parmenter)

Section 006 Spiritual Worlds: Religion, Race, and Gender in the Transformation of America's Cultures. (Karlsen)

203(203). Periods in American Culture. Amer. Cult. 201 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.
Section 001 An/other Fifties: Suburban Subversions: Gender, Race, the Individual, and the Politics of Identity in Post-War America.
Were the 1950s years of monolithic social conformity, suburban domesticity, and cultural repression? Or, can the post-war period also be seen as a time of enormous cultural and political production that circulated new concepts of individual and collective identity? This course will examine writing of the post-war era for the ways in which political, sociological, and psychoanalytic thought imagined individual identity and the capacity for collective action; the relations of these theories to the cultural production and social movements of the past decades, as well as on contemporary debates about multiculturalism, gender, and sexuality. Daniel Bell, Sylvia Plath, Ralph Ellison, Gunnar Myrdal, Max Roach, Louis Hartz, Simone de Beauvoir, Robert Dahl, Erik Erikson, and substantial essays, and weekly response papers. WL:1 (Poyourow)

204(203). Themes in American Culture. Amer. Cult. 201, or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.
Section 001 The Hollywood Renaissance: American Cinema, 1967-1977.
"The Hollywood Renaissance," "The New Hollywood," "The American New Wave." During the mid-1960s there was a major shift in the American film industry, the films it produced, and the audiences who went to the movies. This was also a period of social upheaval and a new dominance of youth culture characterized by rock n' roll, student protests, sexual revolution, the Vietnam War, and the Women's Liberation Movement. This course combines a close study of the historical events of the mid-60s to mid-70s with close analysis of nation, freedom and oppression, alienation and community, masculine identity, sexuality on screen, Hollywood as industry, and American individualism. Films include: Bonnie and Clyde, Easy Rider, Midnight Cowboy, Dirty Harry, Taxi Driver, Sweet Sweetbacks' Baadassss Song, The Godfather, and others. Written requirements include 3-5 page papers, one revision paper, and in-class rewriting assignments. No midterm or final. Enrollment limited to 25 students. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brent)

205. American Cultures. (3). (HU).
American Cultures: A Study of Cultural Interactions
is an introduction to concepts of culture, cultural diversity, intercultural relations and dynamics, and their causes, effects, and contexts. The course is based on interdisciplinary American studies, where subjects are interpreted through methods which include historical, literary, artistic, religious and philosophical, popular cultural, and social scientific analyses. Cultural groups to be studied are Native Americans, European Americans, African Americans, Latino/Latina Americans, and Asian/Pacific Americans. Each of these groups itself constitutes a diversity; the course is a continual questioning of how cultural groupings are conceived, expressed, and interpreted and why. As the course title implies, the course aims to abstract from specific cultural cases, questions and ideas about what it may mean for a seemingly singular grouping called "American" to be seen pluralistically, as a configuration (a continually changing one) of "cultures." Cost:4

206(203). Themes in American Culture. Amer. Cult. 201, or permission of instructor. (3). (SS). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.
Section 001 Comic Books in American Culture.
This course is a broad survey of the different roles comic books have played in American Culture since their inception in the 1930s. It is designed in two units, the first dealing with the history of the medium, and the second focusing on different ways that comic books have been looked at by society. The readings for the class mix comic books themselves with both academic and popular secondary sources, and students will be introduced to the basics of comics scholarship. The course is designed to cover both the ways in which comics reflect society and their role as a site upon which larger issues in the culture are contested. Ideally, this course will provide a greater understanding of both comic books and American society. Cost:4 WL:1 (Rogers)

207(203). Periods in American Culture. Amer. Cult. 201 or permission of instructor. (3). (SS). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.
Section 001 Social Movements of the Sixties.
The Sixties occupy an important space in the political and cultural landscape of U.S. history. During the era, many Americans questioned the viability of a unified national identity expressed in post-war culture and politics. Changing notions of identity, especially among youth, women, and minorities, subsequently surfaced as the foundation on which a number of social movements were waged. These changing notions of identity, in turn, were shaped through an evolving milieu in which political culture often merged with what can be described as a politics of culture. Indeed, Latina/os, African Americans, Native Americans, feminists, youth, and gays and lesbians, among others, sought new forms of expression which would best serve their cultural identities and political strategies for social change. WL:1 (Rangel)

212(211). Introduction to Latino Studies Social Science. (3). (SS). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

This course is designed to give students a broad overview of the major topics, themes, and methodologies in the interdisciplinary field of Latino Studies. The goal is to introduce students to the diverse experiences of different Latino groups, focusing on factors such as race, class, gender, and sexuality. Throughout the course, we will evaluate and debate socially-constructed definitions of identity and community. We will incorporate readings on Caribbeans, Central and South Americans in order to show historical interactions and differences and similarities between different groups. Discussion topics include issues of cultural identity; the politics of language; political movements. Issues will be placed within their historical contexts. The course employs a wide-range of readings from within the social sciences. Reading includes some essays on art, music, literature and poetry and viewing and analyzing performance pieces, documentary and feature films and creation of a space within the classroom for exploration of a wide-range of historical/contemporary issues, dialogue between/within groups, and students' own personal experiences into the discussions of the readings. Cost:2 WL:1 (Macías)

215. Introduction to Asian American Studies Humanities. (3). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

Is it legal for the government to deny a citizen a job because he or she speaks with an Asian accent or to deprive a citizen of liberty and property because of their Asian ancestry? Are Amy Tan's books "high art"? What about Maxine Hong Kingston's work? Margaret Cho? What's behind the proliferation of martial arts images on television and film? What's the deal with sumo? The course will examine these and other issues as an introduction to not a survey of the field of Asian American Studies. The texts do not represent the range of the field but are assembled to raise certain theoretical issues about Asian American Studies. Students will consider, discuss, and write about the relations between history, jurisprudence, literature, mass media, identity, politics, art and aesthetics, nationality, regionalism, particular experience, and general knowledge. The race/gender "authenticity" debate, the "construction" of race, Asian Americans and Hollywood representations, history's claims (if any) on the present, cultural memory, cultural continuity, and the boundaries of academic disciplinarity are covered. This course is designed to function as a springboard for future inquiry. WL:1 (Won)

216. Introduction to Native American Studies Social Science. (3). (SS). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).
Section 001 Native American Histories and Cultures Turning Around.
This is an introductory/survey course on Native American peoples and cultures. Although the narrative of the course is structured along interdisciplinary lines, weaving together lifeways, oral and ritual traditions, literature, letters and a variety of conflicting and alternative "stories," the course is situated within the current methodologies and debates found within the disciplines of history, anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, and law. With peoples and their histories and experiences as diverse from one community (nation) to the next, however, the challenge before us demands a constant "unsettling," where the students are encouraged to think critically in negotiating between the past and the present, colonialism, resistance and survival, and presentation and representation. Working toward and within a notion of building a community of scholarship, the lecture/seminar will emphasize more discussion than lecture and the critical exchanges (discussion, papers, journals, and creative projects) will be the basis for evaluation. WL:1 (Rael y Galvez)

240/WS 240. Introduction to Women's Studies. Open to all undergraduates. (4). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

See Women's Studies 240.

243/WS 243. Introduction to Study of Latinas in the U.S. (3). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

This course is an exploration into the multiplicity of social and cultural histories and relations that define the variety of experiences of Latinas in the United States. We will examine the many ways in which ethnic, racial, class, gender, and sexual differences have shaped these experiences. Special attention will be paid to the construction of identities and to power relations in the United States. During the term we will discuss these processes using a wide-range of multidisciplinary materials. Cost:3 WL:1 (Koreck)

260/Hist. 260. Religion in America. Hist. 160 and 161 are recommended but not required. (3). (HU).

See History 260. (Juster)

301. Topics in American Culture. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001 Reinventing Citizenship: Culture, Nation, and the Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion. (3 credits).
For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with RC SS 360.001. (McGuire)

Section 002 The Photo Essay. (3 credits). This course will offer students an approach to thinking about and using photographs and text in constructing blended narratives that speak to the relation between personal experience, memory, and cultural meanings. Students do 4-5 assignments in the term, each designed to underscore particular approaches to the possibilities with the notion of photo essay and to the possibilities and difficulties in combining text with imagery. Students must own an adjustable still photographic camera, any format (35mm, 2 1/4, or 4 x 5). Black and white photographic materials are stressed, and darkrooms for black and white work are available for students of this class. Students may work in color if they are involved in a color photo class at the School of Art or otherwise have means of color processing and printing available to them. Classes meet twice a week for three hours each meeting. Some classes are lecture, demonstration, discussion, and/or critique. Other class meeting times will be used for in-class lab time. Cost:2 WL:1 (Leonard)

Section 003 Cross-Cultural Collaboration: Remaking a Melting Pot. (3 credits). Before the Melting Pot became an ideal, and then an overused cliché and then an obsolete cultural model, it was a play; a wildly melodramatic four-act drama written by British playwright Israel Zangwill who imagined an "America where God wipes away history's tears." Whither that vision of America today? What was wrong with it? We will attempt to restage Zangwill's Melting Pot fever dream by recontextualizing the debate within a mythologized integrationist vision. This course is an open call to students from many disciplines/backgrounds; ethnographers/actors, Americanists and musicians, historians, etc. The class requires no previous acting or theater training. Supplemental readings and research will fortify discussion. Students will complete weekly journal assignments, learn lines, write songs, poems, mock-editorials that will be synthesized into a common text to be presented at term's end. The instructor is a professional playwright. WL:1 (Roth)

Section 004 The Hollywood Film Industry and American National Identities. (3 credits). For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with English 317.003. (Freedman)

Section 005 O.J., the Trial, and American Culture. (1 credit). This course will explore the meaning of the trial of O.J. Simpson for the framing of contemporary issues central to an understanding of American culture in the late twentieth century. The issues to be explored include the legal process as spectacle, the role of the media in shaping societal questions, the dynamics of race and gender in contemporary political discourse, and policing and the state in modern Los Angeles. This mini-course will meet for five weeks beginning January 30, 1996 and is available only for one credit. Students will be required to attend all five sessions, read about fifty pages a week, and write a short paper on an issue raised in the course. This course is also only available to American Culture concentrators or prospective concentrators by instructor's permission. (Sanchez)

302/Soc. 302. Introduction to American Society. (3). (Excl).

See Sociology 302.

310. Topics in Ethnic Studies. (3). (SS). May be repeated for credit with permission of advisor.
Section 001 Community Practice in Spanish.
This course takes place in a southwest Detroit junior high school, Mondays and Wednesdays from 8 AM to 12:30 PM. In this course, students tutor Latina/o children with their various course assignments and with any special needs they may have. Students learn about cultural aspects of human development and mental health and contrasting theoretical approaches to social change. Students will use this theoretical framework to help the junior high students analyze their practical experience. The overall goal of this course is that students will be able to envision themselves working in an urban community setting. WL:1 (José-Kampfner)

311. Topics in Ethnic Studies. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of advisor.
Section 001 Latina/o Performance Art: Analysis and Practice.
This course combines elements of literature, creative writing, and theater courses. We will examine both video and written texts to U.S. Latina/o performance art, as well as published criticism, in an attempt to appreciate, analyze, and contextualize this art. We will trace the historical roots of works which combine poetry, image theater, music, and dance, as we examine the connections between performance art and community, social movement, and political awareness. We will also consider these published/produced texts in terms of aesthetics, craft, and process. For instance, how might a piece change as it moves from the page to the stage? Finally, we will bring this study to bear on the multi-voiced, multi-genre works that we write, perform, and produce as videos to fulfill a major requirement of this course. Other requirements include: one critical essay, written critiques, and complete participation in discussions, workshops, and productions. Cost:3 WL:1 (Cardenas)

Section 002 The Writings of Latinas. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with RC Humanities 317. (Moya-Raggio)

335. Arts and Popular Culture in American Life. (3). (HU).

This course should give students a broad vocabulary with which to explore the ways in which arts and popular culture constitute and reflect American life; give them a rich collection of fiction, film, public art, architecture, poetry, music, and materials culture to grapple with; and give them a good deal of practice in the word of unpacking the stories in and the stories behind this kind of cultural production. Using a variety of readings, songs, photographs, paintings, newspaper accounts, artists' renderings of events in American popular culture, and the development of the technologies, sounds, and images which are crucial to the histories of arts and popular culture in the United States will give students some kaleidoscopic visions to read, talk about, and think through different kinds of representation and narrative forms of arts and popular culture. WL:1 (Hass)

345. American Politics and Society. (3). (SS).

As the twentieth century draws to a close, America faces an array of social political issues of enormous significance. From poverty, "big government," and militia groups to immigration, health care and new social movements, and many other issues, America and Americans seem intent on defining the terms on which our social and political relationships rest. Whether it is homelessness, affirmative action, AIDS, or any of a number of other contentious issues, social concerns have become political agendas and political agendas have dictated social concerns. In this course we will examine a variety of these issues from an interdisciplinary social science perspective. There will be a course pack of readings but no textbooks. Student grades will be based on discussion, a class presentation, brief weekly analyses, and a 15 page research/annotated bibliography. WL:1 (McGuire)

350. Approaches to American Culture. Amer. Cult. 201, junior standing, or concentration in American Culture; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course, designed for and limited to American Culture concentrators, examines American magazines from a variety of perspectives. We begin with the history and cultural significance of periodical publications and look closely at particular magazines from different periods and different purposes and readerships (mass-circulation glossies, publications produced in communities of color, those with gender-specific audiences, 'on-line' magazines). In the course of investigating this topic, we will discuss "American Studies" itself. Class includes exploration of different approaches to the study of culture and society, and of resources for scholarship particularly electronic resources and the Crossroads Project being developed on the World Wide Web by the American Studies Association. Students will be asked to undertake independent research in American Studies which will be presented at the conclusion of the term. Students will be evaluated on the basis of short writing assignments, class participation, and the research project culminating in an oral presentation and a term paper. Cost:3 WL:1 (Howard)

351. Race and American Cinema. (4). (HU).

This course focuses on an analysis of the representation of racial and ethnic groups in Hollywood cinema, followed by a study of films that members of those groups have made about themselves. We will study how Hollywood developed certain stereotypes or reacted against them. We will look at films from recent independent cinema to see how these films have followed the established pattern of images or, on the contrary, have intended to represent their own communities. Films viewed are examples from Classical American cinema of the '40s and '70s to the present. Most films viewed are fictional representations, with use of appropriate documentaries. We will discuss representation of African/Asian/Native Americans, and Latinas/os, looking at both content and form, use of cinematographic language and construction of meaning, from an eclectic choice of theoretical positions. Films are the main texts, with insight from readings. A journal of film criticism, a term paper, and a class presentation are required. Cost:3 WL:1 (de la Vega-Hurtado)

374/Hist. 374. The Politics and Culture of the "Sixties." (3). (SS).
Section 001 The Politics and Culture of the Sixties.
This course will examine the role of African-American movements of the 1960s played as a catalyst for other social movements and for changes in the depiction of Black culture life in the national popular culture. Using musical, film, and literary texts, the course will interweave political and cultural developments in order to study their influence on each other and points of disjuncture where aspects of the nation's popular culture failed to reflect changes in its political life (and vice versa). Finally, the course will examine resistance to political and cultural change in the 1960s and how conservatives used social movement models to create political formations that continue to flourish. Along with class discussions, students will keep a journal and write three papers: an oral history of an individual who reached adulthood during the 1960s; a review of literary, musical, or film text; and a comparative analysis of racial and another aspect of social change during the 1960s. WL:1 (Countryman)

398. Junior Honors Seminar. Permission of a concentration advisor in American Culture. (3). (Excl).

See American Culture 350. (Howard)

399(UC 299). Race, Racism, and Ethnicity. (4). (SS). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

This course will take historical and theoretical approaches toward understanding racism and its dynamics of power, domination, subordination, and resistance. The syllabus and series of lectures will be explicitly interdisciplinary, the teaching staff drawn from psychology, English, American Culture, and probably law and science as well. The course is built upon imaginative and interpretive literature, personal narratives, and other texts in the voices of these various groups: Native Americans, Latina/o peoples, Jewish Americans, European Americans, Asian/Pacific Americans, Arab Americans, and African Americans. Course materials, lectures, and discussion will profile the groups and interpret histories of their interactions as well as analyze diversity within each. Domination and resistance and their costs are a common experience to these groups but from different points of view and through specific mechanisms varying from group to group. Four weekly hours of class meeting (two in lecture, two in discussion sections) are required, as are two papers of 10-12 pages each and weekly responses to assigned readings. Cost:2 WL:1 (Gurin, Sumida)

404/Soc. 404. Hispanic-Americans: Social Problems and Social Issues. Junior or senior standing. (3). (Excl).

See Sociology 404. (Pedraza)

410. Hispanics in the United States. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001 Migrant Bodies, Hybrid Texts.
This course will examine contemporary U.S. Latina writings as border narratives and as literary recreations of the processes by which hybrid cultural identities are forged through geocultural displacements, border crossings, and intercultural negotiations. We will pay particular attention to the ways in which gender identity is (re)constructed in spaces of cultural hybridity and to reformulations of feminism by U.S. Latinas, what Sonia Saldívar-Hull has called "feminism on the border." Cultural hybridity also finds expression in texts that subvert traditional boundaries of genre, style, and language. Authors to be read, tentatively, include Gloria Anzaldúa, Helena María Viramontes, Esmeralda Santiago, Norma Cantú, Aurora Levins Morales, and Judith Ortiz Cofer. Course requirements include midterm and final essays, and short oral presentations. Cost:3 WL:1 (Aparicio)

Section 002 Empowering Families and Communities: Latino Communities. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with Psychology 470.001. (Gutierrez)

430/WS 430. Feminist Thought. Amer. Cult. 240 and one 340-level WS course, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Women's Studies 430. (Mihic)

490/Film-Video 451. American Film Genres. Junior standing. (4). (HU). Laboratory fee (approximately $30.00).

The western, the gangster film, the musical, the melodrama, the film noir, etc., form a background against which we measure and understand contemporary American cinema. These film genres each have their particular conventions presenting certain kinds of characters and plots; utilizing particular camera styles, mise-en-scène, and acting; and addressing themselves to particular issues and conflicts. As these genres evolve, old patterns are given new twists, turning the genre toward consideration of new social and cultural problems. We will examine four characteristic American film genres. Weekly film screenings will be accompanied by two hours of lectures and one hour of discussion. Three films in each genre will be studied, ranging in periods from the 1930s to the 1990s, thus allowing us to analyze changes within the genre, and the aesthetic as well as the sociopolitical implications of these changes. Students will be evaluated on the basis of three short papers, one longer paper, and their participation in discussion. Required texts vary in accordance with the genres chosen for study. Cost:2 WL:1 (Eagle)

496. Historical Approaches to American Culture. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.

Section 001 Approaches to Asian American History. Approaches to Asian American History is a course designed to introduce students to major works, theories, and methodologies in the writing of Asian American history. Dominant themes representing historical periods and processes in Asian American history will be examined. These include immigration and labor, contact and interaction, community formation, the anti-Asian movement, resistance and adaptive strategies, and the postwar legal changes and diverse communities. This seminar will also examine the place of Asian American history within U.S. history and will provide students with the tools to begin rethinking a more inclusive U.S. history. WL:1 (Nomura)

Section 002 Michigan in the Era of Industrialization. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with History 396.006. (Blouin)

Section 003 Asian Pacific American Identity. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with Psychology 501.005. (Motoike)

Section 004 Evangelical Culture in Britain and America. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with History 396.004. (Juster)

Section 005 Law and Society in American History. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with History 396.005. (Green)

Section 006 Critical Studies in Mass and Popular Culture. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with RC Social Science 360.005. (Campbell)

Section 007 American Indians in the 20th Century. In the late 1800s, the Dawes Act of 1887 tried to individualize Indians by dividing reservations into allotments for farming. Forced cultural change pressed American Indians, forcing their youth to attend boarding schools, amidst missionaries. The 20th century witnessed cultural retention within communities versus federal politics of assimilation until many Indians joined WWI and WWII. A federal termination policy in the 1950s ended trust status of several tribes and some individuals, while relocating many Indians to cities, leading to frustration, alcoholism, and urbanization. Angry youths of AIM led the Red Power movement of the 1960s. The Nixon years responded with land returns and Indian Self-Determination in 1975. Pan-Indian organizations in the 1970s and 1980s urged progressing tribal governments as native leaders fought for treaty rights and economics involving bingo, while they defended natural resources, as traditional roles changed drastically. This course will explore the history and causes of these events as case examples for socioeconomic and cultural analysis with discussion. A midterm exam, final exam, bibliographic essay, and research paper will constitute the final grade for the course. (Fixico)

498. Literary Approaches to American Culture. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001 Slave Narratives: Narratives of Slavery, Fictive and Otherwise.
For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with English 417.010. (Ryan)

499/Hist. of Art 499. The Arts in American Life. Senior concentrators, seniors in any Honors curriculum, or graduate students with permission. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.

See History of Art 499. (Zurier)

Courses in Ojibwa

A full sequence of Ojibwa cannot be guaranteed. Students must consult with the American Culture Program Office before undertaking Ojibwa to satisfy the College language requirement.

222. Elementary Ojibwa. Non-LS&A students must have permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

This course is designed to give the conversational and cultural skills necessary to enable students to use Ojibwa in real life situations. The teaching methods are entirely inductive, and the role of writing is downplayed. There is considerable emphasis on teaching culturally appropriate behavior, and the simple conversational patterns of greetings, leave takings, introductions, table talk, etc. There is no prerequisite for the course. Cost:2 WL:1 (McCue)

223. Elementary Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 222 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

See Ojibwa 222. (McCue)

322. Intermediate Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 223 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

This course is designed to improve the basic conversational skills of the student who knows some Ojibwa. The emphasis in class is on increasing the range of situations in which the student can use Ojibwa in real life. Some emphasis is placed on teaching the students to be able to learn more Ojibwa outside of the classroom, by talking and using the language with native speakers. Cost:2 WL:1 (McCue)

323. Intermediate Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 322 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

See Ojibwa 322. (McCue)

422. Advanced Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 323 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (Excl).

This course is aimed at giving students with conversational ability in Ojibwa the opportunity to both improve their speaking and listening skills and to introduce them to Ojibwa literature, and the various dialects represented in the literature. Students will work with the original, unedited texts, as well as with edited, retranscribed materials, and thus learn about the problems of working in a language without a standard writing system that is widely accepted. Cost:2 WL:1 (McCue)

423. Advanced Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 422 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (Excl).

See Ojibwa 422. (McCue)

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