The quest for harmony between humans and the natural world requires understanding of nature, society, and our individual selves. The program in Environmental Studies encourages students to supplement their training in particular academic disciplines by exploring aspects of natural science, social science, and the humanities. The Program is not a concentration program, although a student may emphasize environmental studies in the LS&A Individual Concentration Program (ICP).

Environmental Studies 123 and 320 both offer broad overviews of the field and serve as introductions to more advanced work. Environmental Studies 420 and 421 offer opportunities for independent study. In these courses the student is responsible for defining a plan of study, enlisting others with similar interests if appropriate, and locating a faculty member willing to supervise the work. Environmental Studies 450 is a Capstone Seminar providing the opportunity for seniors, particularly those pursuing ICPs, to work together to compare diverse perspectives on human values and the environment.

Courses on environmental issues are offered by many different departments and programs in LS&A as well as in other colleges of the university. Students interested in the environment should explore each issue of the Time Schedule thoroughly, because many appropriate courses are offered at irregular intervals under unpredictable headings. Of particular interest are some of the University Courses.

123/AOSS 123/Geol. 123. Life and the Global Environment. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 361. (2). (NS). (BS).

How human beings interact with the natural environment, including the physical and chemical environment and living creatures. Topics include: the cowboy mentality and the need for environmental ethics, the causes and consequences of climate change, air pollution and energy, the ozone emergency and its lessons, the environmental impact of economic analysis, and environmental responsibility. Instruction is by lectures, films, assigned reading, and computer exercises. Grades are based on homework and frequent short quizzes. The text is Environmental Science: A Global Concern (3rd edition) by W.P. Cunningham and B.W. Saigo, William C. Brown Publishers, 1995. Cost: 2 WL:1 (Walker)

353/Physics 250. Energy, Entropy, and Environment. Two and one-half years of high school mathematics, or any college course in mathematics or natural science. (3). (NS). (BS).

For Winter Term, 1996, this course is offered jointly with RC Natural Science 263. (Clay, Goodwin)

359/Geology 279. Ocean Resources. High school science and math recommended. (3). (NS). (BS).

See Geology 279. (Meyers)

361/Geology 277. Humans and the Natural World. Those with credit for 123 may only elect 361 for 1 credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

How humans affect and are affected by the natural environment, including other living creatures, the chemistry of air and water, and the physical environment. Problems of pollution, climate change, depletion of natural resources, and loss of biological diversity. There are two hours of lecture each week in conjunction with Environmental Studies 123. The third hour is a seminar and discussion concentrating on the history of human interaction with the natural world and using as text The Wealth of Nature: Environmental History and the Ecological Imagination by Donald Worster, Oxford University Press, 1993. There will be frequent written assignments as well as assigned reading and computer exercises. Instruction is by lectures, films, assigned readings, class discussions, and computer exercises. Grades are based on homework, participation in class, and frequent short quizzes. Cost:1 WL:1 (Walker)

412. Alternative Patterns of Resource Utilization: The Amish in Twentieth Century America. Environ. Studies. 320 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The Amish are succeeding and increasing in numbers while appearing to defy modern technology and contemporary wisdom. A detailed study of this cohesive, rural subculture can give perspective to contemporary American agricultural methods, consumption patterns, conflict resolution, and resource utilization. The role of community, value systems, social structures, scale, and technology will be explored, as will the relationships to the natural environment and the dominant culture. Questions will be raised concerning cultural diversity as it pertains to human survival and problems of maintaining cultural cohesiveness and transferring specific behaviors across cultural boundaries. Biweekly classes will consist primarily of lecture and discussion with several guest speakers, films and perhaps a field trip. Students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, small papers, a research paper to be shared with the class, and probably a final exam. Cost:1 WL:1 (Huntington)

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