Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Walton)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course examines how democracy evolves and functions in different settings. We start with the emergence of democracy in Western Europe, examining the factors that give rise to it and help it survive. We then examine the origins of fascism in Germany and Japan; and the rise of communism in Russia and China, attempting to understand why these alternatives to democracy flourished in those settings and why they later collapsed. This leads to an analysis of the current struggle between reformers and hardliners over the move to market economies and liberal democracy in Russia, China, and Eastern Europe. Finally, we examine the probable evolution of democracy in advanced industrial societies. In addition to two lectures, there are two meetings a week in relatively small discussion sections, designed to encourage active discussion of these topics. Cost:3 (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes world politics from a broad and general perspective, explaining and exploring the principles that undergird the operation of the global political system and illustrating those principles with contemporary material. The course begins by examining the basic structural features of the global political system. It considers the development of states, nationalism and nation states and then assesses the importance in the contemporary era of other actors, such as international governmental, international non-governmental, and transnational organizations. Several factors shaping the foreign policy behavior of states are considered next. Attention is then shifted to the techniques of foreign policy behavior diplomacy and negotiations, economic aid and sanctions, and the use or threat of use of military force. Finally, overall patterns of conflict and cooperation are studied. (Jacobson)

190. Freshman Seminar in Political Science. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Constitution Making.
This is a seminar in the use of written constitutions to authorize politics. It will ask a series of questions about the constitutional enterprise, including: What is a constitution? What makes it binding? Can it successfully establish, constrain, or direct politics? If so, how? Why would anyone use or pay attention to a constitution in the first place? Because constitution-making has become something of a cottage industry around the world, we shall examine constitutionalism within and outside the U.S. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Each student will be responsible for at least one oral presentation to the seminar. Written work will consist of the following: Four essays, plus a revision of at least one of the essays. WL:1 (Brandon)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

305/Ling. 305/Comm. 305. Political and Advertising Discourse. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

See Linguistics 305. (Heath)

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. Since the Persian/Arab Gulf War began in August, 1990, it will be discussed as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam but no final. There is a computer-assisted simulation to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)

390. Practicum for the Michigan Journal of Political Science. (1). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for credit with permission of the chair.

This course allows students to gain experience working on the journal under the direction of the chair or other appropriate faculty member. This experience involves editing the Michigan Journal of Political Science. In addition to taking part in working on the year's issue, students wishing credit for working on the journal would do readings and write book reviews and research notes.

396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS).

See Russian and East European Studies 396. (Porter)

401. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

This is a lecture course in modern Western political theory from Machiavelli to Mill. (Engelmann)

402. Selected Topics in Political Theory. Pol. Sci. 101 or 400 or 401. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Modern Political Perspectives on the Self.
In the past century, a host of political thinkers have challenged traditional notions of the self that had been dominant in the Western world since the time of Plato. Launched from a variety of theoretical approaches (including Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis, structuralism, and poststructuralism), these reformulations of the self have been closely tied to political projects, and it is this critical relationship between the self and the political order that we will explore in this course. Topics will include: the relationship among selfhood, power, and legitimacy (Marx, Weber, Foucault); the political significance of the development of the unconscious (Freud, Zizek); the link between selfhood and language (Saussure, Rorty); the difficulty of achieving selfhood in the modern/postmodern world (Nietzsche, Giddens); and the interweaving of gender, race, class, and sexual orientation in contemporary discussions of identity and self-help (Irigaray, Phalen, Faludi, Hooks, and J. Livingston). Cost:3 WL:1 (Weinberg)

406. American Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 American Political Thought from 1945 to the Present.
Over the last half century, a body of "postwar" political theory has sought to understand and theorize the nature of American politics and society. In this course we will explore and evaluate this literature by placing it within its philosophical, ideological and cultural contexts. We will begin with an introduction to the field of American political thought, focusing on the question of whether there is a coherent "America" out there that can serve as the object of our study. Next, we will contextualize postwar American political thought by exploring the ways in which scholarly debates over democracy, ideology, and national identity have intersected with historical developments such as Cold War nationalism and domesticity, sixties radicalism, the rise of contemporary conservatism, and current debates over class, gender, and race. Readings will include traditional theorists such as Robert Dahl, Daniel Bell, C. Wright Mills, and Christopher Lasch, as well as poststructuralist theorists such as Judith Butler, Frederick Dolan, and Fredric Jameson. Cost:3 WL:1 (Weinberg)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course is concerned with civil liberties in the American constitutional system. It will focus on decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, but will also draw on literature from other sources. The primary substantive aim of the course is to help students develop a theoretically informed understanding of civil liberties and of the institutional devices for enforcing them. Additional aims include helping students to read and criticize political texts, to assess constitutional arguments, and to think and write more rigorously. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Written work will consist of the following: two papers (10% of grade for each paper); participation in a moot court, for which each student will prepare and submit either a brief of counsel or a judicial opinion (40%); and a final examination (40%). Prerequisite: A basic understanding of American institutional politics and American history. Some exposure to political theory is helpful, but not required. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brandon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to study general legislative processes by concentrating on the United States Congress. The perspective we shall use sees members as purposive and strategic agents, having goals and using the best means to achieve those goals. A prime concern of the class is determining why Congress looks and acts the way it does. The method of presentation is lecture. No special background is needed, although some mathematics is involved. Students will be evaluated on the basis of examinations and an optional final paper. (Dion)

418/WS 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Politicians, the media, and even average citizens often talk about "women's issues" as if the meaning of that term were obvious. But women have very different stands, both on what should be considered a women's issue, and on what the substantive outcomes should be. This course will explore the political mobilization of women and political divisions among women and women's groups by focusing upon specific public policies. The topics covered will include the Equal Rights Amendment, the electoral gender gap, employment discrimination, family and work issues, divorce and female-headed households, sexual violence, and abortion. Students will be asked to write several short papers drawing together the weekly readings. Cost:3 WL:1 (Lin)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl).

See Communication 420. (Thrall)

423. Politics of the Metropolis. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the historical development of local politics in America and explore the ways in which that history defines current problems and controversies in American local politics. In particular, we will look at the legacy of the machine and reform eras, at post-WW II state and federal efforts to change the content of local politics, at suburbanization, and at the shifting character of both economic and racial conflicts in American local politics. A large part of the course will focus upon the politics of race, development, business, housing, and services in the governing of post-WW II American cities. Cost:3 WL:4 (Burns)

443. Selected Topics in Western European Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Intensive examination of Contemporary Western European politics.

444. Government and Politics of Russia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 The Government and Politics of Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia.
This course will introduce the student to the politics, social structure, and history of the Former Soviet Union. The main focus will be on the changes and transitions that are occurring in the Former Soviet Union today. Beginning with the essential events of Soviet history, the Gorbachev era, and the rise of Yeltsin, the course will then move on to current political, economic, and social developments in Russia. In addition, we will examine different strains in the field of Sovietology before the fall of the Soviet Union, and some of the current opinions about where Russia is headed. This is a lecture course with supplemental AV presentations. Grades will be based on midterm and final exams, attendance, participation, and a research project. Cost:2 (Schecter)

447/Religion 447. Comparative Studies in Religion and Politics. (3). (Excl).

This course examines change and conflict in religion, culture, and politics, and in the relations among them in a range of societies and cultures. Particular issues of concern include the emerging debates about justice and social action in religion, the meaning and impact of "fundamentalism," and the impact of transformations in religious leadership, organizations, and discourse on politics. Readings and lecturers are interdisciplinary and cross cultural with evidence drawn from historical and (above all) contemporary experiences in the United States, selected Latin American countries, and cases from the Islamic world. Requirements include a midterm, several mid-length (8-10 pages) papers on assigned topics, and a final examination. All examinations to be given in class. Cost:2 WL:4 (Levine)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

452. Israeli Society and Politics. (3). (Excl).

This course employs both a historical and comparative politics approach in order to introduce students to the salient political and social issues with which the modern State of Israel must cope. The first part of the course covers the development of the Yishuv (Jewish settlement) in Palestine: The evolution of democratic institutions, nation and state-building, and cultural integration. The second and main part of this course deals with topics such as Israel's political institutions and political "culture," ethnic cleavage in Israeli society, the Arab minority, religion and politics, and the current debate over the future of the peace process. No prior familiarity with Israeli politics is necessary. However, students will be expected to read extensively. Requirements: In-class midterm examination or research paper and a final in-class examination. Cost:2 WL:3 (Levey)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will address a range of issues which confront state leaders as they seek to ensure their country's military security and economic development in a competitive international system. Special attention will be given to foreign policy problems confronting the U.S. in the post-Cold war era. The course will be conducted largely as a lecture with some opportunity for discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of three in-class exams. Cost:3 WL:4 (Huth)

464. Public International Law. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Ethical and Legal Issues in International Politics.
A more appropriate title for this year's version of the course would be "Ethical and Legal Issues in International Politics." Although the course addresses basic concepts such as just war, most of the emphasis is placed on particular cases that raise ethical questions for the conduct of U.S. foreign policy in the post-Cold War period. Students will attend lectures and discussions on Tuesdays. Class on Thursdays will be devoted to preparing group projects on issues of current policy concern. Among the possible topics are potential solutions to the Yugoslav crisis; the implications of the Chiapas rebellion in Mexico for international financial policies and U.S. foreign policy; and how the U.S. should deal with conflicts in the former Soviet Union. The course emphasizes writing, including opinion pieces and policy analyses. First class meets Tuesday, January 16. (Evangelista)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines foreign economic relations using three major approaches: the Liberal, the Marxist, and the Realist. After a brief overview of the history of the international political economy in the 19th and 20th centuries, we study a series of institutions in the contemporary world, including the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community, among others. We also discuss a number of issues relevant to the Third World, including development strategies, multinational corporations, foreign aid, and the debt crisis. We conclude with an overview of some contemporary issues, such as the new protectionism and the North American Free Trade Area. Cost:3 WL:4 (Pahre)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

Political Science 470, Comparative Foreign Policy, is designed to introduce the student to the advantages and disadvantages of alternative approaches to foreign policy analysis. Particular attention is given to assessing approaches that attempt to explain behavior, such as spending in alliances, without reference to the states' domestic political systems; to those that emphasize the key role of internal political processes in explaining how states behave internationally, and to those that suggest that for many states similarities across issue area may be more crucial in defining the policy process than the nature of the states themselves. There is a midterm, a paper, and the final exam. (Zimmerman)

476. International Relations of the Middle East. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course analyzes both the interaction of the states of the Middle East with extraregional powers and the relationships between the states of the region. We will deal mainly with the post-World War Two period. The policies of the four "Great Powers" figure prominently in this course. Britain and to a lesser extent France played important roles in the Middle East during the period 1945-1956. By the mid-1950's and especially following the Suez-Sinai campaign of 1956, Soviet-American rivalry had a great impact upon the Arab-Israeli conflict and other foci of dispute in the region. This course will deal with topics such as the Middle East as a regional system, superpower competition, irredentism, and Islam and politics. Students participating in this course should have some familiarity with post-World War Two international relations. Cost:2 WL:3 (Levey)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 The Politics of Industrialization of the East Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
Since World War II, the newly industrialized countries of East Asia (NICs) South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore - have achieved an impressive economic performance and have successfully transformed their backward and largely rural economies into industrial and export powerhouses. The economic performance has also been matched by their political progress. Both South Korea and Taiwan the largest of the NICs - have experimented with political reforms in recent years. This course is about the political economy of development in the East Asian NICs. It is an attempt to examine the reasons for their economic success and the determinants of the policy choices they have made. In particular, our inquiry focuses on issues such as the role of the state vis-à-vis market in the process of economic development, export oriented industrialization vis-à-vis import-substitution industrialization and the nature of the state that has made possible implementation of certain development strategies. The course also explores the issues related to trade liberalization and financial opening and the political impact of economic growth in these countries. A midterm exam, a short paper, and a final exam are required. Cost:4 WL:1 (Huang)

479/CAAS 479. International Relations of Africa. (3). (SS).

There were two underlying passions in the demand by African leaders for independence: the passion for development and the passion for equality in the international community. On the attainment of self-rule, therefore, African countries sought to give economic and political substance to their newly won freedom on the international scene. Immediately after independence, most African economies were closely integrated into those of the former colonial powers. Independence gave the leaders the opportunity to diversify their economic and political links with the dual aim of reducing their dependence on the former colonial powers and influencing the evolution of the world order in their interests. The basic objective of this course is to examine the strategies that African governments have encountered in their attempts to restructure their external economic and political relations. We will focus particularly on: Africa's emergence on the international scene; inter-African relations; Africa's changing relations with the superpowers and other power blocs; and Africa in a changing world economy. No special background is needed for this course for advanced political science students. Grades will be based on two papers and a final examination. (Twumasi)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (3). (Excl).

This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course. (Campbell)

482/Econ. 483. Positive Political Economy. Econ. 401. (3).

See Economics 483. (Sönmez)

487. Psychological Perspectives on Politics. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Explanations of political phenomena often rest on psychological assumptions. Studies of leadership, decision-making, socialization, public opinion and voting, violence and revolution, propaganda and persuasion all have a psychological base. The purpose of this lecture course is to survey major currents of theoretical and empirical work in the psychological analysis of politics. Extensive background in political science and psychology courses is NOT required, nor is the course part of a departmental sequence. Grades will be based on examinations and at least one paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kinder)

488. Political Dynamics. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

Will a single presidential candidate emerge from the primaries or will we have a brokered convention? Do arms races lead to war? Why do popular movements get started, grow, and then often subside without accomplishing their goals? Is the earth growing warmer and what should be done about it politically? Questions of this kind are not easily answered with unaided intuition. Social systems grow organically, and their parts interact in different ways at different times. Feedback loops cause many reforms to have the opposite of the intended effect. The purpose of this course is to bring systems thinking to bear on political dynamics. A few simple but powerful mathematical ideas will be taught and applied to a variety of political issues. Students will learn to experiment with dynamics and forecasting on personal computers, using primarily graphical methods. The course is meant to be experimental and applied rather than theoretical. A prerequisite of one prior course in political science is suggested. (Achen)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 Game Theory in Political Science. (3 credits).
This course introduces students to the use of game theory in political science. Game theory is the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between rational decision makers. The course will emphasize the fundamental assumptions behind game theory models of politics and will expose students to models of legislatures, voting and elections, international relations, and political participation. There are no mathematical prerequisites, but students should have a useful facility with algebra before taking the course. Lecture. There will be homework problems and several tests. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kollman)

Section 002 Political Cleavages and Conflicts in Germany Since 1945. (3 credits). For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with German 449.001. (Thaa)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 The Politics and Culture of Capitalism.
This course explores theoretical perspectives on capitalist society. We will emphasize the relationships between capitalism and political and cultural consensus, conflict, and transformation. Readings will include early-modern writings on virtue and commerce, industrial-era political economy, theories of consumer society, and current speculations on globalization, identity, and "human capital." Seminar, limit 15. (Engelmann)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Interest Groups in National Policy Making.
This course will focus on the role of public and private interest groups in policy making at the national level. When and why do citizens and firms organize for collective political action? By what means do political organizations affect legislative decision making? agency rule-making? judicial policy-making? How effective are they and under what conditions? What implications do they have for the theory and practice of democratic institutions? Course requirements include midterm and final essay exams and a major research paper. (Hall)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 The Politics of Economic Change.
This undergraduate seminar is designed to present an overview of the field of the political economy of development. Readings will be conceptually organized around political variables that scholars have found to have an impact on economic change. As such, readings will be taken from a wide variety of geographical areas and time periods. The first political variable whose role we will assess is the State. That will be followed by an examination of interest groups, institutions and ideas, and their impact on economic change. The final segment of the course will address two other political variables that may affect economic policy and change: politicians manipulating economic policy for maintaining political support and the role of gender in promoting economic growth. Students should be prepared to read extensively. Formal course requirements include three short papers or a 25-30 page term paper, a midterm examination, and class participation. A quarter of the grade (25 percent) will be assigned on the basis of class presentations while the midterm will account for 30 percent of the grade. The remaining 45 percent of the grade will be determined by written assignments which may be either three 6-8 page papers or a long research paper on a problem or geographical area of choosing. (Chhibber)

Section 002 Comparative Electoral Systems. (Rosenstone)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Russia in Transition.
This course examines selected topics regarding Russia's role in the international system. The main focus is the nexus between domestic politics and foreign policy. Subjects include recent and current Russian policies towards integration into the world economy (particularly in the energy sector); Russia's attitudes toward international institutions; Russia's role in the other states of the former Soviet Union. We will study not only Russia's participation in world politics but also the influence of international pressures on domestic Russian politics and the lives of ordinary Russians. Grades will be based on the writing of several short analytic papers, one longer research paper, and class participation. (Evangelista)

Section 002 Development and International Relations. (Organski)

Section 003 Governing the New World Order. With the demise of the USSR and the end of the Cold War, Western leaders began to talk of a new world order, suggesting that the global system would soon become more peaceful, prosperous, and healthful. Our first task will be to measure the extent to which this promise is coming true. Since such progress, if at all, has been minuscule, our second task is to examine alternative explanations. One such explanation is the absence of effective institutions for global governance, and thus our third task is to develop and evaluate ideas for creating such institutions. We will use two or three texts and read independently in the scholarly journals. There will be three written assignments and no final exam. Cost:1 WL:1 (Singer)

Section 004 Arab-Israeli Conflict. Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli Conflict is the focus of the seminar. Held in conjunction with PS 353, a lecture course on the same subject, this seminar is like a discussion section of that lecture course. In this respect, outlines of the lectures and copies of transparencies will be available to seminar participants in the form of course pack and via an electronic conference CONFER. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. The seminar plans both a midterm and a final. There is a computer-assisted simulation planned for PS 353, and PS 498.004 students will be participants as well. (Tanter)

Section 005 Politics of Chemical and Biological Arms Control and Disarmament. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with RC Interdivisional 450.001. (Wright)

499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (3). (Excl). (BS).

This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to Juniors and Seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: David Freedman, Robert Pisani, and Roger Purves, Statistics, New York: W.W. Norton, 2nd Ed., hereafter noted as FPP. Required readings other than FPP are in a course pack. Cost:2 or 3 WL:1 (Jackson)

512/Soc. 512. Detroit Area Study. Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

See Sociology 512. (Steeh)

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