Courses in Women's Studies (Division 497)

100. Women's Issues. Open to all undergraduates. (2). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

In this introduction to contemporary women's issues, students meet for 10 weeks in a small discussion group, led by one or two advanced student facilitators. In each group, students develop norms which enable collaborative learning about a range of topics including: images of women, gender role socialization, violence against women, race and ethnicity, sexuality, women's health, and movements for social change. Requirements are active participation, careful reading of course pack articles, weekly journals, participation in a solution project, and participation in two mass meetings. Students will explore women's issues through critical examination of readings, experiential exercises, journal writing, and active discussion. Cost:2 WL:1 (Motoike, Shifman)

110. Practical Feminism. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.
Section 001 (Un)Common Battles, Separate Struggles: Women of Color and Political Resistance.
Using poetry, prose, and theoretical works by and about Latinas and Asian, African, and Native Americans, this course will explore recent political activism, both traditional and non-traditional, of women of color. After an introduction to some resistance strategies of women of color, we will examine how many have approached feminism and coalition-building. Looking critically at social, political and theoretical problems which have beset the broad based organizations of American women (both white and of color) in the political arena, we will also explore attempts at creating intra-race political coalitions across differences in sexuality, class, ethnicity and social status. In the last two sections of the course, we will address the importance and limitations of inclusiveness and failures and successes at transcending difference among women of color and between white women and women of color. (Bell)

112. Issues for Women of Color. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

This course provides an opportunity to review, critique, and discuss practical and theoretical issues associated with women of color and issues of identity. We shall examine both theoretical and experiential writings by women of color, particularly Chicanas/Latinas. Most of the readings are interdisciplinary, classified as women's studies, ethnic studies, or cultural studies. Some questions we will address are: How do women of color define and manifest and identity? What are some of the advantages/disadvantages of claiming an "essential" identity? How does the intersection of race, class, gender, and sexuality fit into an identity politic? Students will be required to write small papers, facilitate discussions and participate in group projects. (Garza)

151. Social Science Seminars on Women and Gender. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Women in War and Peace.
We will use Storyspace, a hypertext software tool, to present stories from three perspectives in women's search for peace and the abolition of war; therefore, this seminar has three segments. First, we will learn about the persistence of the international women's peace movement during the 20th century, about outstanding women peace activists such as Jane Adams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Rigoberta Menchú. Next, we will focus on the varying roles women have taken in the protracted Israeli-Palestinian dispute over national territory. Third, we will investigate women's peace-making activities which are based in our local region, particularly in Ann Arbor. These efforts have all taken place in a gendered context so that we will necessarily be considering the actions of men as well. This course will focus on library and field research and writing. It will be taught using collaborative pedagogical methods. Three papers drawn from hypertext writing and effective class participation are required. Cost:3 WL:1 (Larimore)

Section 002 Sex Discrimination and the Law. What is sex discrimination? What legal recourse exists for victims of sex discrimination in the U.S. today? This course will begin to answer these questions by investigating theoretical writing and litigation on such issues as sexual harassment, domestic violence, affirmative action, rape, hate speech, and pornography. My hope is that students will leave this class with a basic understanding of the three pieces of legislation key to sex discrimination litigation (i.e., Title VII, Title IX, and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment), and improved critical thinking and writing skills. In-class time will be spent discussing pertinent topics, listening to guest speakers, and (perhaps) visiting local courts and the UofM law library. Grading will be based on class participation, weekly short (1 paragraph to 1 page) written assignments, a midterm take-home exam, and a moot court appellate brief and/or oral argument. (Hackett)

210/Amer. Cult. 170/History 170/UC 170. New Worlds: Colonialism and Cultural Encounters. First-year students only. (4). (Introductory Composition).

See American Culture 170. (Karlsen)

220/Nursing 220. Perspectives in Women's Health. (3). (SS).

This course will examine women's health issues, across the lifespan, from feminist and sociocultural perspectives. It will explore the social construction of women's sexuality, reproductive options, health care alternatives, and risks for physical and mental illness. Attention will be paid to historical, economic, and cultural factors which influence the physical and psychological well-being of women. In addition, it is hoped that students will gain greater knowledge about the physiology of women's bodies and an enhanced sensitivity to issues confronting women in dealing with health care institutions. Topics will include: menstruation, contraception, abortion, pregnancy, child birth, breastfeeding, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, eating disorders, depression, cancer, menopause, and violence against women. The class is open to all students. Both those from non-health related fields and health-related fields are encouraged to enroll. Cost:2 WL:1 (Henderson-King)

230. Women's Movements. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Women Globally and Internationally.
What has the Fourth U.N. Women's Conference at Beijing accomplished? How does the series of four global women's conferences, in Mexico City, Copenhagen, Nairobi, and most recently in Beijing, manifest the contemporary women's movement? How has this movement grown and spread globally and internationally during the past twenty-five years? What are its themes and its challenges now that we can begin to access the effects of Beijing? In this course, we will examine how the women's movement has manifested itself in three regions of the world: Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Necessarily, we will need to examine the status of women in the states which make up those regions as a context in which particular issues arise. We will also ask how these issues are being addressed. This course will be taught using collaborative methods. It will focus on library and field research to produce three papers, one pertaining to each region. Effective class participation, sensitive and systematic research, and three papers are required. Cost:3 WL:1 (Larimore)

240/Amer. Cult. 240. Introduction to Women's Studies. Open to all undergraduates. (4). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

Designed as an introduction to the new, feminist scholarship on women, Women's Studies 240 is an interdisciplinary course which acquaints students with key concepts and theoretical frameworks to analyze women's condition. We will explore how women's status has changed over time, but we will concentrate on the situation of contemporary American women. Topics will include: violence against women, discrimination in the workplace, the feminization of poverty, and sexuality. Students will also examine how capitalism, racism, imperialism, and heterosexism affect women's lives. The course will not only provide students with an analysis of women's oppression, but will suggest strategies for ending sexual inequality. The course is structured around weekly lectures, readings, films, and discussion sections. Students are encouraged to participate fully in discussion and to assume responsibility for sharing their knowledge and experience. The course grade is based upon written assignments, an examination, and participation in discussion. Cost:3 WL:1

243/Amer. Cult. 243. Introduction to Study of Latinas in the U.S. (3). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

See American Culture 243. (Koreck)

260. Differences Among Women. (4). (SS).

Social structural features of "differences among women" (race, ethnicity, class, sexuality, nationality, etc.) is explored, as is aspects of women's lives (relationships, parenthood, political participation) and communities. Each year a different theme will be explored and offered in the winter term. Contact the Women's Studies Program Office for theme of course. Cost:3 WL:1

270. Women and the Law. (3). (SS).

"Women and the Law" covers selected topics in American constitutional and statutory law which have a special effect on women. The class focuses on ideals of sex equality and how they are incorporated into the American legal system. Topics usually covered include constitutional equality, employment discrimination, family law, rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, reproductive rights, pornography, and women in poverty. Required: midterm examination, 10-12 pages of writing, final examination and class participation in discussion. Some understanding of the history of women of color in the United States is also strongly recommended. Cost:2 WL:1

315/English 315. Women and Literature. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

See English 315.

320. Women's Reproductive Health. WS 220. (3). (Excl).

This course will explore the current biomedical definition and physiological progression of major conditions affecting the reproductive health of women, e.g., pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, menopause. Students will study physical, social, and political aspects of women's reproductive health, e.g., abuse in pregnancy, unplanned pregnancy, infertility. The course will conduct a scientifically rigorous critique of the current research base of various conditions within a feminist and socio-political context. Major emphasis will be on developing critical thinking skills and self-care capabilities in order to educate and empower students to become proactive within the health care system. Cost:3 WL:1 (Johnson, Sampselle)

341. Gender and the Individual: Transmission and Function of Sex/Gender Systems. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Psychology and the Female Body.
This course will focus primarily on psychological aspects of the female body. We will examine such topics as women and disabilities, the social construction and psychological aspects of menstruation and menopause, and issues related to women's body-image and to cosmetic alterations of the body. Throughout the course we will consider ways in which class, race, and ethnicity bear upon women's experience of their bodies. The class format will include lecture and discussion. Regular attendance and ongoing participation are very important aspects of this course. Cost:3 WL:1 (Henderson-King)

343. Gender Consciousness and Social Change. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Gender Consciousness in Oral History.
In this course we will try to decipher aspects of the process by which women become conscious of their identities as women, with interests that may be different from or opposed to those of other societal groups. Much of our evidence will be found in their own words. To this end, we will read and analyze the oral histories of women in a variety of western and non-western settings. The class will be conducted according to a seminar-discussion rather than a lecture format, and as such will require the active participation of all members. Grades will be based on discussion and on a final paper, for which you will have the option of writing an essay exploring key oral history issues or conducting an oral history project based on original research. In addition to extensive reading of theoretical and primary source material, students will learn to isolate a topic, prepare a bibliography and list of interview questions, and solicit structured testimonies. Cost:3 WL:1 (Hart)

344. Women in Literature and the Arts. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Woman/Native/Other: the Emergence of the Caribbean Woman Writer.
Caribbean women writers are in the process of rewriting the languages and histories of their region. This course will consider their writings in the light of the colonial history of the Caribbean, which began with Columbus' discovery of "America" in 1492. We will look at the changing status of the Caribbean native, the British colonizer's imagination of the region, and the ways in which Caribbean writers have "written back" to establish their own independent traditions. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kineke)

345. Third World Women. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Gender and Power in Latin America.
Gender is a crucial aspect of the organization of inequality throughout Latin America. This course explores the relationship between the construction of identities, gender, and power in Latin America. We will examine how gender representations are constructed, assumed and contested in a variety of sites, including the "new" social movements, processes of militarization and repression, the integration of Latin America into a new phase of the global economy, and the media and telenovelas ("soap operas"). In each of these sites, implicit understandings of gender (and other axes of difference such as class, ethnicity, and racial categories) are evoked and inscribed. During the term we will discuss these processes using a wide range of multidisciplinary materials. Cost:2 WL:1 (Koreck)

351. Women and the Community II. WS 350 and permission of instructor. (2). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL).

The goals of this course are to (1) explore the application of women's studies to work in the community and examine the interplay between experience and theory; (2) develop skills for working effectively within our community on issues and situations that concern and affect women. Students will (1) develop an understanding of women's lives within the community: their roles, options, problems, resources and contributions; (2) examine policies, leadership and action strategies that influence women's lives; (3) analyze the ways in which community and organizational dynamics influence women's participation and effectiveness in community and work settings, and in the development of public policy; (4) identify and practice ways to apply knowledge gained in this and other WS courses within community, work settings, and policy development settings to enhance the ability to provide leadership in these settings in the future; and (5) work with other students and the instructor to create an interactive, supportive and egalitarian educational environment which encourages the exchange of ideas and experiences. Cost:2 WL:1 (Motoike)

371/Hist. 371. Women in American History Since 1870. (4). (Excl).

See History 371. (Palmieri)

418/Poli. Sci. 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Poli. Sci. 418. (Lin)

419/Psych. 411. Gender and Group Process in a Multicultural Context. One course in women's studies or psychology. (3). (SS).

This course will provide an introduction to theories of group dynamics that illuminate stages of group development and productivity. It will include teaching and practice of group facilitation skills. The course will combine theoretical presentation with an experiential learning model; material discussed and modeled in class will be applied in home-base groups with opportunities for skill practice and feedback. The goals of skill development will be further pursued in extended workshop format at two points in the term. Special attention will be given throughout the course to the influence and manifestation of gender, ethnic and race dynamics as they shape events, conflict and communication patterns in various group formats. Cost:4 WL:1 (Kardia/Martinez)

420(320). Group Facilitation in Women's Studies. WS 419 and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Students in this course apply the knowledge and skills gained in Women's Studies 419 (Gender and Group Process in Multicultural Context) by facilitating a small 10-week discussion group on women's issues. Requirements are attendance at 420 seminar, facilitation of WS100 discussion groups, critical analysis of readings on gender, racial, cultural dynamics in a multicultural context, and participation in a computer conference. Cost:3 WL:1 (Motoike, Shifman)

430/Amer. Cult. 430. Feminist Thought. WS 240 and one 340-level course, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine a variety of theoretical approaches to understanding the social, political, economic, and psychological experience of women. Readings and discussions will focus on classic historical arguments (including those by Wollstonecraft, the Mills, Engels), major twentieth-century statements (including those by Woolf and deBeauvoir), and contemporary analysis associated with various liberal and radical feminist positions. Connections between feminist theories and feminist social movements will be explored, as well as connections between feminism and other analyses of oppression. Cost:3 WL:1 (Mihic)

440. Issues and Controversies in the New Scholarship on Women. WS 240, one 340-level course or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 American Masculinities.
For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with English 417.009. (S.Robinson)

447/Sociology 447. Gender Roles and Status. (3). (SS).

See Sociology 447. (Shively)

471/APTIS 495. Women's Issues in the Middle East. (3). (Excl).

See Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies 495. (Balaghi)

483(480). Special Topics. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Degree credit is granted for a combined total of 7 credits elected through WS 480, 481, 482, 483, and 484.
Section 001 Women and the Global Economy.
What is meant by such terms as "the new international division of labor," "global restructuring," "structural adjustment," and even revitalized notions of "free trade"? What is globalization? What is the nature of engagement in this process? Who are its agents? Who are its beneficiaries? Are there victims? Or might this be our chance to all share happily in the postmodernist invention of new, eclectic, "global" identities beyond class, beyond nation, beyond race, beyond gender? We want to address these questions in relation to gender, class, and nation (and/or ethnicity) before focusing on women's labor in four or five areas of the global economy: offshore assembly-manufacturing; sex tourism; the "informal sector"; industrial homework; minority and immigrant women's labor niches in the First World. We will also examine women's lives as nodes of intersection between the global and the local, and as they are affected by the co-existing local, national and international levels. Course requirements are two short papers, a group presentation, and a final research paper. (Green)

Section 002 Women, Children, and Poverty. The feminization of poverty is examined from historical contemporaneous and cross-cultural and cross-national perspectives. Political, social, cultural, and economic factors that are associated with and/or maintain the impoverishment of women and children. Particular attention will be given to ways in which the institutions of the state, work, family, and welfare have operated to perpetuate the poverty of women and children. Students will have opportunities to participate in study and action with respect to state and federal policies that are now being implemented that illustrate the gender bias of U.S. social policy. Students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, examinations, group projects, and papers. Students will be able to choose three of four elements that will be used for the evaluation of student performance: examinations, group projects, class participation or presentation and papers. The texts for the course will include: Sherman, A. Wasting America's Future: CDF Report on Child Poverty. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994. and Gordon, L. Women, the State and Welfare. Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1990. along with a course pack. Methods of instruction will include lectures by the instructor and outside speakers, discussion, and group projects. Cost:2 WL:1 (Sarri)

Section 003 Asian Pacific American Women. In this course, we'll take a multidisciplinary look at the lives of Asian Pacific American (APA) women. We'll explore how gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, social class, sexual orientation, religion, and family affect how APA women construct their lives. Topics include media images of APA women, identity, violence against women, APA women at work, APA women and power, and community activism and social change. Students will be active participants in teaching each other through class discussions and collaborative group projects. Cost:3 WL:1 (Motoike)

Section 004 Marriage and the Family. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with Psychology 471.001. (Hunter)

Section 005 Reading Lesbian Literature. For Winter Term, 1996, this section is offered jointly with English 417.003. (Hermann)

Section 006 Feminist Methods. (Acevedo)

Independent Study/Directed Reading

The Program in Women's Studies offers several options for independent study/directed reading.

Directed Reading. Women's Studies 385, 386, 387 (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Offer advanced Women's Studies students an opportunity to purpose independent, interdisciplinary projects.

385 has prerequisites of Women's Studies 100 or 240, one 300-level Women's Studies course, and permission of instructor. 386 has prerequisite of Women's Studies 385. 387 has prerequisite of Women's Studies 386.

441. Honors Research Tutorial. (1). (Excl). (TUTORIAL).

Prerequisite: Women's Studies 240. Prepares second term junior Women's Studies concentrators to write an Honors thesis. Students choose a thesis topic before beginning this tutorial. They then work independently with an appropriate faculty member to develop the research skills specific to their topics (e.g., analytic, library, or computer skills). By the end of the term students should have a well-defined research design and the skills to carry it out. Requirement: a short written thesis prospectus.

490 and 491. Honors Thesis. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Prerequisite: Senior Honors Women's Studies concentrators. Provides Women's Studies Honors concentrators an opportunity for independent study under close supervision from their faculty advisor while preparing an Honors thesis.

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