Near Eastern Studies

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) (Division 314)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

See APTIS 100. (Babayan)

102(ABS 202). Elementary Biblical Hebrew II. ACABS 101 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

Continuation of ACABS 102 with increased emphasis on the Biblical Hebrew verbal system and syntax as presented in Seow's A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew. Additionally, students will be introduced to select readings from the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. Final grades will be based upon daily class performance and homework assignments, quizzes, and three exams.

202(ABS 402). Intermediate Biblical Hebrew, II. ACABS 201. (3). (LR).

The student will be introduced to the elements of Biblical Hebrew syntax and other aspects of advanced grammar. Selected Biblical texts will be read and their historical and literary backgrounds analyzed and discussed. (Krahmalkov)

281(GNE 260). Ancient Egypt and its World. (4). (HU).

The course is an undergraduate survey of the culture of ancient Egypt, focusing on Egyptian religion (the gods and their cults, life after death, mummification, etc.), ways of thinking (practical wisdom and elevated philosophy), basic institutions (the kingship, the priesthood, etc.), the art of writing and literature, and science. The student will be taught the elements of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, how it was deciphered, and the derivation of our own alphabet from it. Throughout, special attention will be given to the comparison of Egyptian ideas, values, and religious thought to our own. Exploration and open-ended discussion of topics are encouraged in section meetings. There is a midterm and a final exam, but largely objective in nature (identifications, definitions, matching, multiple choice, etc.), and an optional ten-page paper at term's end for extra credit. Three textbooks, all paperback, are compulsory. (Krahmalkov)

291. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies. (3). (Excl).

Section 001 Dead Sea Scrolls and Their World. Discovered in 1947 and the years immediately following near Qumran in the desert south of Jerusalem and Jericho, the so-called "Dead Sea Scrolls" are one of the most impressive collections of manuscripts from antiquity, and one of the most controversial too. They include the earliest extant manuscripts of biblical texts, the lost originals of ancient Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, and an extraordinary series of previously unknown documents. Who were the people who wrote the scrolls? Were they a peaceful congregation of Hellenized Jewish philosophers who retired in the desert, or were they a fanatic apocalyptic sect who dreamed of the imminent end of times? What was the relation between the people who wrote the scrolls and the other forms of first-century Judaism? Did John the Baptist or Jesus, Paul, or James have any knowledge of the scrolls? Do the scrolls bear traces of knowledge of them? This course will explore the mystery of Qumran in all its ramifications through an extensive reading of the scrolls in English translation (though as a special opportunity, any advanced student linguistically prepared will be helped to work on them in the original Hebrew, Aramaic, or Greek). A mini-lecture series by four of the most distinguished American specialists in the scrolls will also be part of the lecture. Grades will be based on attendance, a written midterm, a short research paper, and a final oral exam. Textbooks: G. Vermes' The Dead Sea Scrolls in English, Penguin Books (last ed.); and James C. VanderKam's The Dead Sea Scrolls Today, Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1994. Cost:1 WL:1 (Boccaccini)

323(ABS 350)/Rel. 350. History of Christian Thought: Paul to Augustine. (4). (Excl).

During this course we shall seek to obtain an understanding of the development and meaning of the major dogmas (i.e., opinions) which gained mastery in the ancient Church. We shall see that these dogmas did not fall down from heaven in full-fledged form, but developed through contention with other dogmas. In order to understand the antithetical nature of the concept of dogma, we shall ask: What are the dogmas protecting? Why are they countering other dogmas? This approach will show the appropriateness of dealing equally with the dogmas which in the end were defeated. Hopefully it will be realized that the use of labels such as "orthodox" and "heterodox" in an academic study of the development of Christian thought is anachronistic. Throughout the course there will be made an attempt to see if the old dogmatical contentions can be detected under some new cover in our time. There are no prerequisites save a genuine curiosity and a determination to work hard. In addition to the lectures by the instructor, there will be a weekly discussion session conducted by a teaching assistant. There will be two examinations and one paper. Cost:2 WL:3 (Fossum)

393/APTIS 393/Rel. 393. The Religion of Zoroaster. (3). (HU).

This course explores the emergence and development of Zoroastrianism, from its beginnings in central Asia to its rise as the religion of the pre-Islamic empires of Persian Achaemenids, the Parthians, and Sasanians, and its survival to the present day. Zoroastrianism is mostly recognized as the religion of the Magi. This course will offer students the opportunity to examine the authentic sources of this dualistic religion, in particular the prophetic-apocalyptic hymns of Zoroaster (ca. 1,000 BC) and the Zoroastrian views on the world as the battlefield of the forces of Good and Evil, and the fundamental role of mankind in the fight against Evil, towards universal Salvation. In the latter part of the course, discussion will be on similar notion in the other high religions, and Classical and Modern Western Thought. Cost:1 (Windfuhr)

412(ABS 522). Akkadian Texts. ACABS 411. (3). (Excl).

Introduction to the Semitic language of ancient Babylonia and to the cuneiform writing system. The first term (411) concentrates on a presentation of basic grammar, and the second term (412) on the reading of several ancient texts in cuneiform. Grammatical lectures, student recitation, homework assignments. Weekly quizzes, midterm, and final examination. Cost:2 WL:3 (Beckman)

486(ABS 524). Introduction to Middle Egyptian, II. ACABS 485. (3). (Excl).

A basic introduction to Egyptian hieroglyphics and Middle Egyptian, the classical form of the ancient Egyptian language. We will use Alan Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar (3rd Edition). (Krahmalkov)

Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (APTIS) (Division 325)

100(GNE 100/101)/ACABS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

This course will survey Middle Eastern political, social and cultural history from Sumer (= 3000 BCE) to Khomeini's Iran (1979 CE). The lectures, the readings, the visuals are all geared towards providing the student with a sense of the nature of authority, political and cultural styles, the fabric of society, attitudes and behaviors, heroes and villains, that are and were part of the heritage of peoples who throughout history lived in the lands between the Nile and Oxus rivers, a region generally referred to as the Middle East. Cost:2 WL:3 (Babayan)

102(Arabic 102). Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 101 or equivalent. (4). (LR). Laboratory fee ($10) required.

In 102, the focus on acquisition of the basic vocabulary and fundamental structures of Arabic is continued through vocabulary lists, grammar presentations, and oral and written practice based on short readings including simple news items, narration, and description. There is increased emphasis on developing conversational, reading, and writing skills. There will be focus on communicative drills and activities involving student-teacher, student-student, and group interactions. Daily written assignments are required involving short descriptions and narration utilizing vocabulary and structures covered in class. Grades are based on class participation, weekly achievement tests, periodic comprehensive tests, and a final exam including an oral component. Textbooks: (1) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part One (Lessons 11-20) and (2) a course pack including supplementary vocabulary and achievement tests. Cost:1 WL:3

104(Arabic 222/202). Intensive Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 103 or 102. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to use Arabic. The primary goals of this course are to have students develop the ability: (1) to communicate/ speak in Arabic with native speakers of Arabic on familiar topics; (2) to understand familiar spoken Arabic; (3) to read and understand the specific content of an elementary level; and (4) to communicate in writing and provide correct responses within the scope of the content of this course. This course is taught in Arabic using a communicative approach emphasizing the use of language. Course grade is based on class attendance and participation, written assignments, texts and quizzes, and a final exam. Required text: Peter Abboud et al., Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part I (Lessons 16-30), and a course pack including supplementary vocabulary and achievement tests. Cost:2 WL:3 (Farghaly)

142(Iranian 202). Elementary Persian, II. APTIS 141. (4). (LR).

This course is the continuation of Elementary Persian 141. All four language skills (speaking, listening, reading, and writing) will be emphasized. The class will be conducted in Persian with occasional recourse to English for grammatical explanations. There will be daily assignments and in-class conversation groups. By the end of the term, students will have acquired an adequate knowledge of all major points of Persian grammar. They will be able to conduct simple conversations in Persian, read non-technical simple prose, and write passages on a variety of topics. Grading will be based on attendance, homework, quizzes, a midterm and final examination. Incoming students may join the class pending examination and approval by the instructor.

152(Turkish 202). Elementary Turkish, II. APTIS 151. (4). (LR).

This course is the sequel to Turkish 151 and is the second half of Elementary Turkish. We will focus on speaking and writing the language of modern Turkey. Course topics include the phonological structure of Turkish, basic sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary. The aural-oral approach is emphasized and serves as the basic course format. There are tapes which accompany the text, Turkish for Foreigners. Student evaluation is based on written and oral quizzes, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3

202(Arabic 202/232). Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 201 or 206. (4). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

Primary goals are to have students develop the ability (1) to communicate/speak in Arabic with native speakers of Arabic on familiar topics, (2) to understand familiar spoken Arabic, (3) to read and understand specific content on an intermediate level, and (4) to communicate in writing and provide correct responses within the scope of the content of this course. This course is taught in Arabic using a communicative approach. Course grade is based on class attendance and participation, written assignments, tests and quizzes, and a final exam. Required text: Abboud et al., Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part Two, 1983; and supplementary vocabulary and achievement tests. WL:3

242(Iranian 402). Intermediate Persian, II. APTIS 241. (4). (LR).

This course is a continuation of Persian 241. The emphasis will be increasingly on reading, composition, and dialogue with the objective of achieving intermediate competency. The two main textbooks are Windfuhr-Bostanbakhsh, Modern Persian. Intermediate Level I, and Windfuhr, Modern Persian, Intermediate Level II. Additional material include tapes and videos. Special needs or interests of the students will be taken into consideration. (Windfuhr)

252(Turkish 402). Intermediate Turkish, II. APTIS 251. (4). (LR).

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish, the course is designed for students who have completed APTIS 251 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed through translations and compositions. Readings will be emphasized. Evaluation will be determined on the basis of class quizzes and performance, a midterm and final examination. Books cost $20.00 if not already purchased for fall term. (Stewart-Robinson)

262(GNE 204)/Rel. 204. Introduction to Islam. (4). (HU).

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to Islam as a religious tradition. After examining the fundamental sources of Islam, particularly the Qur'an and the reports about the activities and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, we will discuss how these foundations gave rise to the beliefs and practices of Muslims and to an Islamic civilization with spectacular achievements in such areas as law, theology, science, philosophy, and mysticism. Our emphasis will be on the first thousand years of Islam, but modern developments will be covered as well. Quizzes, a midterm, and final exam. Cost:2 (Knysh)

296(GNE 246)/Great Books 246. Great Books of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

Beginning with a close reading of the Qur'an as the primary text of the revelation, this course will explore a series of major classics of Islamic religious literature. Approximately one-third of the term will be devoted to the Qur'an. The balance features whole short works or major sections of longer books by Ibn Taymiya, al-Ghazzali, Nasir-i Khusraw, Attar, Avicenna, Ibn Tufayl, and Ibn Khaldun. The subjects in these readings represent the full range of this kind of literature, from public duties and faith, through pilgrimage and philosophy of Sufi mysticism. Grades will be based on three short papers to be submitted during the term, one on the Qur'an and two on the later books. All readings will be in English and there will be no examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Walker)

331(GNE 330/140). Introduction to Arab Culture and Language. (4). (HU).

This course is designed for undergraduate students who wish to explore social, religious, historical, and linguistic aspects of Arab culture through an exciting collection of videos, lectures, readings, and discussions. It includes an Arabic language component focusing upon basic communication needs. There will be an emphasis on developing effective outlining, writing, and oral presentation skills. Evaluation is based on written reports (50%), monthly language tests (20%), term project (20%), and preparation and participation in class discussions (10%). Required text: a course pack. Cost:1 (Rammuny)

381(Arabic 440). Introduction to Arab Literature in Translation. Taught in English. (3). (HU).

Materials in English translation will illustrate the progression of Arabic literary culture from the earliest recorded sources to the present. Lectures and discussion, along with audio-visual materials, will introduce the essentials of the history of the Arabs and the cultural context expressed in their writings. Examination of pre-Islamic poetry will lead to discussion of the religious and historical texts of Islam. The literary legacy of the Caliphal period will be presented. The Arabian Nights will be seen to illustrate the popular culture of the times. Belle-lettrist works and those of the Arab explorers, scientists, and philosophers will be sampled. The contacts between the Arab world and the West in the modern era will be seen to have resulted in new departures in Arabic literature, with the rise of the play, the short story, and the novel. Particular attention will be given to the works of Naguib Mahfouz, the Egyptian winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Students will write a series of short papers commenting upon aspects of the works assigned. Credit will also be given for attendance and for class discussion. A professor of Arabic literature, the instructor is a much-published translator and commentator on Arabic literature. Cost:1 WL:3 (LeGassick)

393/ACABS 393/Rel. 393. The Religion of Zoroaster. (3). (HU).

See ACABS 393. (Windfuhr)

404(Arabic 422/402). Advanced Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 403. (6). (Excl).

This course is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for other students who expect to learn Arabic for use in related fields. It is the second part of a one-year sequence of Intermediate Modern Arabic whose objectives are to enable the student: (1) to comprehend spoken literary Arabic comparable in content and difficulty to the student's intermediate level; (2) to participate with a native speaker of Arabic in a dialogue or conversation using familiar vocabulary and structures; (3) to read with understanding of subject matter comparable to what he/she has learned; and (4) to write a summary of about 100 words of a short story or passage read, and answers to questions in the form of short paragraphs. The method of instruction stresses the four language skills with particular emphasis on oral and written practice based on selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction and A-V cultural materials. The course is conducted in Arabic and meets six hours weekly. Course grade is based on classroom performance, weekly written assignments and quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. Required text: a course pack. Cost:1 (Farghaly)

434(Arabic 434). Arabic Historical Linguistics and Dialectology. Permission of instructor. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

This introductory course surveys the development of the Arabic language from its origins to the present, with emphasis on its external history. The structure and development of Old, Middle, and Modern Arabic and their affinities to other indigenous languages are outlined. The historical implications of the development of communal dialects; sociolinguistic variation; and inherent linguistic variability are treated. Basic text: K. Versteegh, Pidginization and Creolization: The Case of Arabic, (1984). Other required reading materials will be made available in a packet. Course requirements: a sequence of three brief essays as per guidelines and deadlines given in syllabus and a unified and coherent comprehensive essay which develops and integrates the three essays into one final written paper. Cost:3 (Farghaly)

452(Turkish 412). Introductory Ottoman Turkish, II. APTIS 451. (3). (Excl).

Second-half of first-year Ottoman intended to sharpen skills in the handling of a variety of styles, topics, and scripts through the reading and analysis of specially selected texts. Quizzes and a final examination required. Materials cost: less than $10.00 worth of photocopied material. (Stewart-Robinson)

463(GNE 571)/Hist. 537. The Near East in the Period of the Crusades, 945-1258. Junior standing. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

This course covers the history of the Islamic Near East in the age of the Crusades. The focus is on the central Islamic lands, though attention is paid also to the far West and East. Several important topics are considered separately, including the ideology of the jihad; Islamic cities and urban elites; Sufism social history; labor and commerce; and education. One or two papers; midterm and final exam. Cost:2 WL:3 (Walker)

467. Shi'ism: The History of Messianism and the Pursuit of Justice in Islamdom. Junior standing. (3). (HU).

This course will survey the history of diverse Alid movements from the assassination of Ali (d. 661) to the crystallization of Shi'ism into distinct political, legal, and theological schools (Twelver, Isma'ili, Zaydi), and ends with the establishment of Twelver Shi'ism as an imperial religion in Safavi Iran (1501-1722). Emphasis on the debate over authority in Islam. Cost:2 WL:3 (Babayan)

502(Arabic 502). Advanced Arabic Readings in Special Subjects. APTIS 501. (3). (Excl).

Students are required to read five pages or more of Arabic text of their choice each week, prepare a short list of basic vocabulary and useful expressions along with an English translation to be distributed to other members of the class; a written summary report is required as well as an oral presentation to the class (not more than 10 minutes in duration); the presenter is asked to respond to questions raised by other class members during a follow-up discussion. General topics will be read by the entire class with an intensive and critical discussion to follow. In addition, lectures will be given in Arabic delivered by guest speakers, videocassettes and films in Arabic of special interest to the students will be viewed and discussed, and there will be group projects. This class should help develop analytical study skills, including critical reading and listening, outlining and note-taking, as well as effective writing and public speaking. The grade will be based on weekly written reports, class attendance and participation, a final group project, and an oral interview. Cost:1 (Rammuny)

552(Turkish 512). Readings in Tanzimat Turkish. APTIS 252 and 452. (2). (Excl).

Designed for further training to acquire experience in the reading of 19th century Ottoman texts and archives in the Arabic script. These are read in class, analyzed and discussed from the point of view of language and contexts. A midterm and final examination are required. The texts to be read are specially selected and distributed to the class. (Stewart-Robinson)

556(Turkish 551). Modern Turkish Prose Literature. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

Part of sequence in required language courses for concentrators, M.A. and Ph.D. candidates. The objective is to continue to develop comprehension ease in modern Turkish through the reading of the literary products of modern Turks. Recitation-type course includes reading, translation, and discussion of content and style. Quizzes and a final exam are required. Cost:about $5.00 of photocopied material. (Stewart-Robinson)

557(Turkish 552). Modern Turkish Poetry. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

Part of the sequence in required language training for M.A. and Ph.D. candidates. It comprises the reading, study and interpretation of late 19th century and 20th century Turkish verse printed in the Latin script. The reading material is distributed in class. Evaluation is through examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

562(Arabic 552). Modern Arabic Fiction, II. APTIS 561. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

Students with a basic reading knowledge of Arabic will be introduced to texts illustrating the rise and current state of the Arabic novel and short story. Emphasis will be placed on vocabulary building and translation. (LeGassick)

564(Arabic 554). Modern Arabic Non-fiction I. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

Students with a basic knowledge of Arabic will be introduced to texts by major Arab writers illustrating intellectual issues of importance in Arabic society in the Modern Era. (LeGassick)

567(Arabic 543). Readings in Classical Islamic Texts. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

This course focuses on the analytical reading of Classical Arabic texts from different fields of Islamic tradition. Priority will be given to medieval Arabic works dealing with the Qur'an, hadith, biography, theology, law, and Islamic mysticism. We shall read and analyze the texts, discuss their authors as well as the religio-political context in which they were written. Special attention will be given to Arabic grammar and Islamic scholarly terminology. Each student will be asked to choose an Arabic text related to his/her field of research, distribute its copies among the other members of the class, whereupon he/she will lead one reading and discussion section devoted to the text in question. Evaluation will be based on class participation and a final exam (translation from Arabic). Cost:1 (Knysh)

591. Topics in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 The Occult Sciences in Medieval Islam.
The nature of "science" in the medieval Islamic world overlaps what the modern world has separated into categories of "magic," "science," "technology," and "religion." This course explores the interconnection between these categories within the context of the medieval "scientific" disciplines in Islam including: cosmology, astrology, numerology, divination, alchemy, and talismanry/magic. Each science will be discussed from the point of view not only of its intellectual and technological parameters, but also its ritual and religious ones. The historical origins and development of Islamic science through translation of late Greek philosophy and the Greco-Egyptian Hermetic sciences into Arabic will be discussed as well as the transmission/translation of Islamic/Greek science to the West which then stimulated the growth of Western science. Selections of primary texts in translation, secondary readings on the Islamic occult sciences, and theoretical readings on magic, science, and religion will be available in the form of a course pack which will be the textbook for this course. 20% oral presentation, 60% three 5-page essays, 20% final exam. Cost:2 WL:3 (O'Connor)

593. Mini Course Topics in APTIS. (1). (Excl).
Section 001 The Early History of the Translation and Interpretation of the Qur'an into the European Vernacular Languages.
Provides a critical examination Provides a critical study of selected English texts dealing with the translation of the Qur'an and the interpretation of the history and practices of Islam from 17th century to modern times. Through an examination of the various approaches and by Western scholars who have adopted a "scientific approach" to the study of religion. The format of the course consists of lectures, demonstration and discussion based on a course packet. Requirements include regular attendance, participation in discussion and a short term paper. (Ibrahim)

Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS) (Division 389)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/ACABS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

See APTIS 100. (Babayan)

102(Hebrew 202). Elementary Modern Hebrew, II. HJCS 101. (5). (LR).

Continuation of the development of basic communication skills of reading, writing, and speaking modern standard Hebrew. Class drills, class discussions in Hebrew, language laboratory drills.

202(Hebrew 302). Intermediate Modern Hebrew, II. HJCS 201. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Hebrew 312. (5). (LR).

The focus of instruction will be on the four language skills, with a continued emphasis on oral work and writing. In addition to continued study of morphology and syntax, some reading selections in fiction and non-fiction prose will be introduced. Cost:1 WL:3

302(Hebrew 402). Advanced Hebrew, II. HJCS 301. (3). (Excl).

This is the second term of the third-year course within the Hebrew language sequence at the University of Michigan. As such, it constitutes a transitional stage from the lower levels in which the concern is with learning the introductory grammar and acquisition of functional vocabulary to the more advanced levels in which we will focus on the more complex linguistic structures. At this level we will treat original texts which will serve as the jumping off point for in-class discussion and the basis for composition of essays at home. The goal is to expose the student to a wide range of texts as a window unto "the Israeli Experience". We will be using the book me-ta'amah shel sifrut (ed. Ora Mayroz), but, in addition, will be treating journalistic texts and children's literature. The course will incorporate other communications media, e.g., material recorded on audio tape, video clips and multi-media. Requirements for the course include regular assignments, midterm and final exam, presentation and compilation of journal. In consideration of the varying levels of Hebrew proficiency among the students, the final grade will be based on individual effort and progress. For more information, please contact the instructor, Marc Bernstein, during (tel. 763 1595) or via e-mail ( (Bernstein)

373(Hebrew 373)/Judaic Studies 373. Israeli Culture and Society. (3). (SS).

Israel as a newborn nation-state offers us the opportunity to study a culture in formation, a culture formed from both indigenous Middle Eastern elements and the contributions of immigrants from Jewish communities from all over the world. Attention will be focused on the different bases of Israeli identity which give rise to a society defined by its cleavages, and the resultant tensions arising within such a society. The analysis will include a consideration of the ways in which the particular and peculiar history of the state of Israel are reflected in the national culture. The course will adopt a multi-disciplinary approach encompassing historical, sociological, literary, and cultural studies. In addition to the reading of both primary and secondary sources, films (both documentary and belletristic) will be shown. Requirements for the course include a midterm and final exam, compilation of a dialectical journal, and a paper. Cost:2 WL:3 (Bernstein)

379(GNE 469)/Judaic Studies 379. Jewish Civilization. (4). (SS).

Lectures on topics in Jewish Intellectual History, with class discussion based on selected assignments. Some of the topics are: Monotheism, Law, Messianism, Mysticism, Language and Literature; Sabbath and the Festivals, Sacrifice and Prayer. Students are evaluated on the basis of two exams. Cost:2 WL:3 or 4 (Schramm)

402(Hebrew 404). Hebrew of the Communications Media, II. HJCS 202. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Advanced Modern Hebrew.
Emphasis is on reading and listening and viewing comprehension. There is a particular emphasis on the expansion of vocabulary in the domain of current events and the development of discussion skills. Course materials are based on the social genre of the communications media (newspapers and television). Unedited newspaper selections will be read, and news broadcasts and television programs will be used in the class and in the language laboratory. Grades will be based on two exams and special projects. (Coffin)

478(GNE 468)/Judaic Studies 468/Rel. 469. Jewish Mysticism. (3). (Excl).

A study of the historical development of Jewish mysticism, its symbolic universe, meditational practices, and social ramifications. While we will survey mystical traditions from the late second Temple period through modernity, the central focus will be on the rich medieval stream known as Kabbalah. Among the issues to be explored are: the nature of mystical experience; images of God, world, and Person; sexual and gender symbolism (images of the male and female); the problem of evil; mysticism, language, and silence; mysticism and the law; mysticism and community; meditative and ecstatic practices (ranging from visualization to chant, letter combination, and modulated breathing); kabbalistic myth and ritual innovation; and kabbalistic interpretations of history. Modern interpretations of mysticism will also be considered. Readings for the course consist of secondary sources from the history of Judaism and comparative religion, and selected primary texts (in translation). Requirements include two exams and a research paper. Class lectures will be supplemented by discussion, and on occasion, music and other media. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ginsburg)

545(Hebrew 543). Medieval Jewish Literature. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

Readings of medieval genres, including secular and liturgical poetry, the romance and prose narratives. Discussions will center on literacy innovations and the role of medieval Hebrew literature within the context of the history of Western European literature. Cost:1 (Schramm)

572(Hebrew 552). Israeli Literature, II. HJCS 302. (3). (HU). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

This course is run on a seminar basis and is based on a selection of contemporary Israeli works of fiction, films, and plays. Emphasis is on readings, discussion, and analyses. Contemporary short stories, novels, poems, and plays serve as the basis for discussion. Grades will be based on written and oral assignments and two examinations. An advanced knowledge of Hebrew is required for the course. The theme this term will be "Dreams and Realities." (Coffin)

577(GNE 467)/Judaic Studies 467. Seminar: Topics in the Study of Judaism. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Section 001 A Time to Mourn, A Time to Dance: Emotion and the Senses in Judaism.
Volatile. Stoic. Fiery. Calm. The ways in which human communities understand, express, repress, intimate, and explain their emotions are stunningly varied. Laws, customs, song, ritual life, e.g., all serve to simultaneously give vent to the emotions and to control their chaos. This seminar will explore dynamics of emotional expression with special emphasis on the Jewish tradition. We will explore some of the following: joy, brokenheartedness, fear, wonder, awe, grief, disgust, shame, expiation, love (ecstatic and contained, filial and erotic), wholeness, equanimity, rage, regret (that complex amalgam of feeling and cognition); as well as those "mixed" emotions that contain shifting measures of emptiness and fullness: longing, anticipation, savoring. We will explore how these emotions are framed, nurtured, celebrated, and denied in Jewish religious and literary sources, as well as in cross-cultural and theoretical writings. Thus, we use the category "emotion" to investigate Judaism, and use "Judaism" to ask questions about human emotion. Throughout, we will explore the role played by the senses (vision, smell, touch, movement) in shaping the world of feeling and in mobilizing and concentrating desire. Brief weekly essays (2 pp.) and a term paper/project. Previous coursework in Judaism or the study of religion is strongly recommended. (Ginsburg)

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