Courses in Women's Studies
(Division 497)

100. Women's Issues. Open to all undergraduates. (2). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

This course uses small group discussion and development of supportive group norms to enable students to explore selected topics in women's studies as they apply to their own lives and to contemporary social issues. The course work includes large and small group activities, theoretical presentations, regularly assigned readings, and written assignments. There is strong emphasis on developing analytic tools taking a critical stance with respect to one's experience, to social issues, and to the assigned readings. Topics include: socialization, work, family, race, ethnicity, class, sexuality, and current movements for change. Small groups meet in different campus locations, to be determined within each group. Cost:3 WL:1 (Hassinger)

111. Women in Popular Culture. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.
Section 001 Images of Rape in Popular Culture, 1971-1996.
This mini-course examines the ways in which rape has been presented in various media outlets over the past 25 years and explores how the feminist movement has responded to, critiqued and altered our images of sexual assault. Topics to be addressed in the course include: the power of media industries; facts and fictions of sexual assault; images of the rape victim and the rapist; and interracial themes in rape narratives. Students will be required to examine various media artifacts (e.g., films, magazines, and novels); write six short journal reactions to course material; and participate actively in class discussions. For more information on this course, please contact Amy Chasteen at chasteen@umich.edu. Cost:2 WL:1 (Chasteen)

112. Issues for Women of Color. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.
Section 001 Needs and Wants: Practical and Strategic Gender Interests in Social Movements in the Americas.
The purpose of this mini-course is to examine the conflict between women who sought to further strategic gender interest such as women's equality and the inclusion of women in the governing process and those who sought to resolve more practical gender interests. Practical gender interests are the issues that arise from concrete circumstances and women's perceived needs. The focus of this course will be to review these two perspectives and how the debate manifests itself in the context of movements in the United States and Latin America. Cost:2 WL:1 (Price)

150. Humanities Seminars on Women and Gender. (3). (HU).
Section 001 Salem Witchcraft Outbreak of 1692.
For Winter Term, 1997, this section is offered jointly with History 197.002. (Karlsen)

151. Social Science Seminars on Women and Gender. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Women in War and Peace.
To begin to understand women's long search for peace and the abolition of war, this seminar uses three perspectives. After a brief consideration of how women have fared in various wars, we will learn about the persistence of the international women's peace movement during the 20th century, about outstanding women peace activists such as Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, Rigoberta Mench and other Nobel peace prize winners. Next, we will focus on the protracted Israeli-Palestinian dispute over national territory and the varying roles women have taken in that struggle. Third, we will investigate women's peace-making activities within peace movements of different scopes: national, regional, global. These efforts have all taken place in a gendered context so that we will necessarily be considering the actions of men as well. A primary goal is to clarify our own thoughts and develop a position about our individual relationships to increasing peace in the world and decreasing wars. This course will focus on library research and writing. It will be taught using collaborative pedagogical methods. We will use STORYSPACE, a hypertext software writing tool for the Macintosh, to write analysis, exposition, and narration. Three papers drawn from hypertext writing and effective class participation are required. Cost:3 WL:1 (Larimore)

220/Nursing 220. Perspectives in Women's Health. (3). (SS).

In this course we will examine women's health issues, across the lifespan, from feminist and sociocultural perspectives. It will explore the social construction of women's sexuality, reproductive options, health care alternatives, and risks for physical and mental illness. Attention will be paid to historical, economic, and cultural factors which influence the physical and psychological well-being of women. Cost:3 WL:4 (Contratto)

230. Women's Movements. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Women Globally and Internationally.
In this course we will explore the progress that the international women's movement has been making in the various world regions of Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America and Europe, Western Asia, and Africa. We will examine key issues such as women's human rights, women in economic development, the empowerment of women for democracy and citizenship, structural adjustment, and women and violence. Necessarily, we will need to examine the current status of women in the states which make up these regions as a context in which particular issues arise. We will read to acquaint ourselves with the pressing challenges which the world's women face. We will also consider what specific roles women in America can play in furthering the Platform for Action. You will also write a term paper using exploratory research methods which follow multiple paths and use a variety of source materials. A goal of this course is to acquaint you with some of the vast library resources at this outstanding research university. Cost:3 WL:1 (Larimore)

240/Amer. Cult. 240. Introduction to Women's Studies. Open to all undergraduates. (4). (HU). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

Designed as an introduction to the new, feminist scholarship on women, this interdisciplinary course acquaints students with key concepts and theoretical frameworks to analyze women's condition. We will explore how women's status has changed over time, but we will concentrate on the situation of contemporary American women. Topics will include: violence against women, discrimination in the workplace, the feminization of poverty, and sexuality. Students will also examine how capitalism, racism, imperialism, and heterosexism affect women's lives. The course will not only provide students with an analysis of women's oppression, but will suggest strategies for ending sexual inequality. The course is structured around weekly lectures, readings, films, and discussion sections. Students are encouraged to participate fully in discussion and to assume responsibility for sharing their knowledge and experience. The course grade is based upon written assignments, an examination, and participation in discussion. Cost:3 WL:1

270. Women and the Law. (3). (SS).

"Women and the Law" covers selected topics in American constitutional and statutory law which have a special effect on women. The class focuses on ideals of sex equality and how they are incorporated into the American legal system. Topics usually covered include constitutional equality, employment discrimination, family law, rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, reproductive rights, pornography, and women in poverty. Required: midterm examination, 10-12 pages of writing, final examination, and class participation in discussion. Some understanding of the history of women of color in the United States is also strongly recommended. Cost:3 WL:1 (Allen, Bell)

312/RC Interdiv. 310. Gender and Science. An introductory course in natural science, engineering, social sciences or women's studies. (4). (N.Excl).

See RC Interdivisional 310. (Sloat)

315/English 315. Women and Literature. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

See English 315.

341. Gender and the Individual: Transmission and Function of Sex/Gender Systems. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Studying Women's Lives.
This course will focus on the study of women's lives as a vehicle for understanding how gender shapes and is shaped by individuals. We will draw about equally on case studies of women and the empirical research literature, focusing particularly on themes of identity and self-construction, social and historical contexts, relationships, and development over the life course. Requirements for the course include active participation in class discussion, weekly reaction papers, and a case study/life history of one or a few women. Cost:3 WL:1 (Stewart)

342. Gender and Society: Hierarchies in Social Organization. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Gender and Feminist Legal Scholarship.
This seminar will explore how feminist legal scholars' conceptions of gender inform their writing about the law. We will discuss such topics as intersectionality, essentialism, and critical race theory, and the work of theorists such as Kimberle' Crenshaw, Catharine MacKinnon, and Robin West. Cost:2 WL:1 (Hackett)

351. Women and the Community II. WS 350 and permission of instructor. (2). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL).

The goals of this course are to (1) explore the application of women's studies to work in the community and examine the interplay between experience and theory; (2) develop skills for working effectively within our community on issues and situations that concern and affect women. Students will (1) develop an understanding of women's lives within the community: their roles, options, problems, resources, and contributions; (2) examine policies, leadership and action strategies that influence women's lives; (3) analyze the ways in which community and organizational dynamics influence women's participation and effectiveness in community and work settings, and in the development of public policy; (4) identify and practice ways to apply knowledge gained in this and other WS courses within community, work settings, and policy development settings to enhance the ability to provide leadership in these settings in the future; and (5) work with other students and the instructor to create an interactive, supportive, and egalitarian educational environment which encourages the exchange of ideas and experiences. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kineke)

360/Hist. 368/Amer. Cult. 342. History of the Family in the U.S. (3). (SS).

See History 368. (Morantz-Sanchez)

372/Hist. 372. Women in European History, 1750 to the Present. (3). (Excl).

See History 372. (Israel)

400(320). Women's Reproductive Health. WS 220. (3). (Excl).

This course merges current biomedical understanding of major conditions and the sociopolitical factors affecting the reproductive health of women. We will explore such topics as menstruation, sexuality, pregnancy and birth, domestic violence and violence in pregnancy, infertility, abortion, HPV and cervical carcinoma, menopause, and hysterectomy. Class discussions will develop with attention to feminist issues, with consideration of the interface of physical and sociopolitical factors. Learning experiences focus upon women' s reproductive health issues and include an expository paper, a critique of published research, attendance at and a report of a public presentation, and a longer review paper. Major emphasis will be on student development of critical thinking skills and self- care capabilities in order to educate and empower students to become proactive within the health care system. Cost:3 WL:1 (Johnson, Sampselle)

418/Poli. Sci. 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Political Science 418. (Burns)

419/Psych. 411. Gender and Group Process in a Multicultural Context. One course in women's studies or psychology. (3). (SS).

This course will provide an introduction to theories of group dynamics that illuminate stages of group development and productivity. It will include teaching and practice of group facilitation skills. The course will combine theoretical presentation with an experiential learning model; material discussed and modeled in class will be applied in home-base groups with opportunities for skill practice and feedback. The goals of skill development will be further pursued in extended workshop format at two points in the term. Special attention will be given throughout the course to the influence and manifestation of gender, ethnic and race dynamics as they shape events, conflict, and communication patterns in various group formats. Cost:3 WL:1 (Tirado, Rivera)

420. Group Facilitation in Women's Studies. WS 419 and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Students study interpersonal and small group dynamics in general, and as these vary with group composition. The prerequisite course, WS 419. Gender and Group Process in a Multicultural Context, provides the theoretical basis for this course. Students apply knowledge and expertise gained in WS 419 by facilitating small groups (8-10 people). Cost:3 WL:1 (Hassinger)

430/Amer. Cult. 430. Feminist Thought. WS 240 and one 340-level course, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Philosophical Topics in the Study of Gender.
For Winter Term, 1997, this course is offered jointly with Philosophy 372. (Haslanger)

447/Soc. 447. Gender Roles and Status. (3). (SS).

See Sociology 447. (Shively)

483. Special Topics. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Degree credit is granted for a combined total of 7 credits elected through WS 480, 481, 482, 483, and 484.
Section 001 Women of the Midwest.
This course traces the diverse histories of women Native and immigrant, pioneer and settler, urbanite and farmer in what is now called the Midwest. We will read memoirs, letters, histories, and fiction by and about women (including Laura Ingalls Wilder, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Toni Morrison, and Louise Ehrdrich), and combine those readings with archival research to form ideas about how gender, race, ethnicity, class, generation, geography, and region intersect to shape women's lives, and how these women in turn have shaped Midwestern life. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kineke)

Section 002 Women in the Professions (1890-1996). Women now comprise nearly half of all law school classes and a third of most medical school classes. These numbers, however, must be put into historical perspective. Earlier in this century, women had entered the professions and then these gains were lost. This course will explain this trajectory. First we will explore the ideologies governing traditional women's work (the so-called "semi-professions") such as teaching, librarianship, nursing, and social work. Then, focusing on law, medicine, and academe, we will consider the conditions which allowed for women's entry. What particular contributions have women made to these professions? How has race, class, and sexual orientation operated to limit or attract candidates? What is the status of professional women today in terms of "the glass ceiling," the "mommy track," and occupational segregation within specialties leading to lower salaries. How have different generations of women resolved the conflicts which ensue in attempting to balance professional and private lives? Finally, we will consider the backlash to women in the professions and determine if professional women are now here to stay. Cost:3 WL:1 (Palmieri)

Section 003 Women, Labor, and Globalization. We will begin this course by revisiting Ester Boserup's 1970 classic, Woman's Role in Economic Development. We will then use this work as a springboard from which to examine select theoretical and historical developments that have occurred since its publication twenty-six years ago. The main context for our updating exercise will be the intensification of globalization and the increasing incorporation of widely dispersed women into global workforces, spaces, and institutions. We will focus on certain aspects of this process, among them, population or reproductive control, international migration of female labor, transnational investment in goods and service industries employing low-paid female workers, and other less visible forms of gendered incorporation into the transnational circuits of capital. You are expected to complete a research-based paper as well as write a couple of short, preliminary review essays. Cost:2 WL:1 (Green)

Section 004 Race, Gender, and Poverty. For Winter Term, 1997, this section is offered jointly with CAAS 458.001. (Higginbotham)

484. Special Topics. WS 240 or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). Degree credit is granted for a combined total of 7 credits elected through WS 480, 481, 482, 483, and 484.
Section 001 Women Poets and Feminist Critics.
For Winter Term, 1997, this section is offered jointly with English 417.004. (Prins)

Independent Study/Directed Reading

The Program in Women's Studies offers several options for independent study/directed reading.

Directed Reading. Women's Studies 385, 386, 387 (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Offer advanced Women's Studies students an opportunity to purpose independent, interdisciplinary projects.

385 has prerequisites of Women's Studies 100 or 240, one 300-level Women's Studies course, and permission of instructor. 386 has prerequisite of Women's Studies 385. 387 has prerequisite of Women's Studies 386.

441. Honors Research Tutorial. (1). (Excl). (TUTORIAL).

Prerequisite: Women's Studies 240. Prepares second term junior Women's Studies concentrators to write an Honors thesis. Students choose a thesis topic before beginning this tutorial. They then work independently with an appropriate faculty member to develop the research skills specific to their topics (e.g., analytic, library, or computer skills). By the end of the term students should have a well-defined research design and the skills to carry it out. Requirement: a short written thesis prospectus.

490 and 491. Honors Thesis. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Prerequisite: Senior Honors Women's Studies concentrators. Provides Women's Studies Honors concentrators an opportunity for independent study under close supervision from their faculty advisor while preparing an Honors thesis.


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