Near Eastern Studies

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) (Division 314)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/HJCS 100/Hist 132. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).
See APTIS 100.
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102(ABS 202). Elementary Biblical Hebrew II. ACABS 101. (3). (LR).
Continuation of ACABS 102 with increased emphasis on the Biblical Hebrew verbal system and syntax as presented in Seow's A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew. Additionally, students will be introduced to select readings from the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. Final grades will be based upon daily class performance and homework assignments, quizzes, and three exams.
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122(ABS 121)/Rel. 122. Introduction to the New Testament. (4). (HU).
Although it has influenced the Western world more than any other book, the New Testament - having originated almost 2,000 years ago in the eastern Mediterranean world is not easy to understand. The course will, first of all, introduce the student to the historical, religious, and social setting of the New Testament. Then, we shall look at the various New Testament writings. They must be allowed to speak for themselves and not be clouded by any denominational or sectarian program. The student will be introduced to the insights and methods of modern scholarship when dealing with questions such as: What did the various New Testament writings really intend to say? How did they say it? Why did they say it? Finally, the problem of the development of early Christian doctrine will be addressed, albeit briefly. Why were some of the early Christian writings excluded from the New Testament canon? The method of instruction will be recitation. There will be two or three exams and a final paper. Cost:2 WL:1
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202(ABS 402). Intermediate Biblical Hebrew, II. ACABS 201. (3). (LR).
The student will be introduced to the elements of Biblical Hebrew syntax and other aspects of advanced grammar. Selected Biblical texts will be read and their historical and literary backgrounds analyzed and discussed. (Krahmalkov)
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321(GNE 362)/Hist. 306/Rel. 358. History and Religion of Ancient Israel. (3). (HU).
This course encompasses a series of studies n the cultural and political histories of ancient Israel. Early Israelite history and religion from their beginnings to the aftermath of the 6th century CE Babylonian Exile will be examined within their respective biblical and ancient Near Eastern contexts (i.e., Palestine-Israel, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria, Persia, and Anatolia). Some selected topics for historical inquiry include Israel's origins, its pre-state civilization, the rise of the nation-state, and the post-monarchial communities. Central religious institutions, beliefs, and practices to be investigated include the palace, the temple, the rise of monotheism, prophecy, royal ideology, the priesthood, wisdom, magic, and the concepts of death and afterlife. No pre-requisites. Critical reading and writing skills are cultivated and measured in a mid-term exam requiring an analytical essay in addition to the student's response to various objective-style questions (30%) and in an end of the term 15 page research paper (40%) submitted in 2 drafts, a preliminary and a final. Regular attendance (10%) and daily reading and written assignments (20%) are also essential components of the course. Cost:2 WL:4 (Schmidt)
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393/APTIS 393/Rel. 393. The Religion of Zoroaster. (3). (HU).
This course explores the emergence and development of Zoroastrianism, from its beginnings in central Asia to its rise as the religion of the pre-Islamic empires of Persian Achaemenids, the Parthians, and Sasanians, and its survival to the present day. Zoroastrianism is mostly recognized as the religion of the Magi. This course will offer students the opportunity to examine the authentic sources of this dualistic religion, in particular the prophetic-apocalyptic hymns of Zoroaster (ca. 1000 BC) and the Zoroastrian views on the world as the battlefield of the forces of Good and Evil, and the fundamental role of mankind in the fight against Evil, toward universal Salvation. In the latter part of the course, discussion will be on possible influence on Judaism, Christianity, and Classical and Modern Western Thought. Cost:1 (Windfuhr)
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412(ABS 522). Akkadian Texts. ACABS 411. (3). (Excl).
Introduction to the Semitic language of ancient Babylonia and to the cuneiform writing system. The first term (411) concentrates on a presentation of basic grammar, and the second term (412) on the reading of several ancient texts in cuneiform. Grammatical lectures, student recitation, homework assignments. Weekly quizzes, midterm, and final examination. Cost:2 WL:3
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484(ABS 404). Aramaic, II. ACABS 483. (3). (Excl).
This course is an introduction to Imperial Aramaic through the reading of the Aramaic portions of the biblical books of Ezra and Daniel. Students will acquire a solid foundation upon which to build a further knowledge of other forms of Aramaic, such as Targumic and Syriac. Books required are (1) copy of the Biblica Hebraica, and (2) a dictionary of Biblical Hebrew in Aramaic. (Krahmalkov)
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486(ABS 524). Introduction to Middle Egyptian, II. ACABS 485. (3). (Excl).
A basic introduction to Egyptian hieroglyphics and Middle Egyptian, the classical form of the ancient Egyptian language. We will use Alan Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar. (3rd Edition). (Wilfong)
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487/WS 487. Gender and Society in Ancient Egypt. Some familiarity with Egypt is helpful. (3). (Excl).
Women in ancient Egypt had greater visibility and more autonomy than women in most other ancient cultures. Why was this? Ancient Egyptian constructions and understanding of gender differed, sometimes sharply, from those of other ancient cultures. The most visible manifestation of Egypt's unique perspective on gender roles and relations was the role of women within Egyptian society. Using ancient texts in translation, secondary readings, images and artifacts in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, students in this course will examine the definitions of gender, gender roles and relations and the impact of status, religion, sexuality, and ethnicity on ancient Egyptian understandings of gender. Course readings will concentrate on the New Kingdom, but evidence from other periods in ancient Egyptian history will be discussed as well. Cost:2 WL:4 (Wilfong)
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593. Mini Course Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies. (1). (Excl).
Section 001 Readings in Mesopotamian Studies.
Discussions of recent monographs and essays on aspects of Mesopotamian history, archaeology, and culture. For advanced students in Mesopotamian studies. (Yoffee)
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