Winter '99 Course Guide

Courses in Geological Sciences (Division 377)

Winter Term, 1999 (January 6-April 29, 1999)

Take me to the Winter Term '99 Time Schedule for Geological Sciences.


Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

G.S. 100-115 are short (half-term) courses. They consist of detailed examinations of restricted geologic topics. The department lists the specific courses from this series in the Time Schedule for the terms they are offered (fall and winter terms only). Each course, when offered, meets twice weekly for half of the term (first half or second half), and the specific dates for each course are printed in the Time Schedule. These courses are designed primarily for students with no prior geologic training and they are open to all interested persons. G.S. 100-115 are offered on the graded pattern (optional pass/fail).


Geol. Sci. 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Jan. 7 To Feb. 25 with Final Exam on Feb. 25 or Arranged.

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 156 (or 260). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~kacey/ugrad/courses.html

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms. By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 104. Ice Ages, Past and Future.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Will Be Offered Jan. 7 To Feb. 25 With Final Exam on Feb. 25 or Arranged

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course looks at the effects of present and past glaciations on the landscape and on life, humans in particular. Glaciers are examined as dynamic, climatically controlled systems of moving ice. Climatic and environmental changes concurrent with glaciation, in both continental and oceanic realms, are reviewed. The causes of the ice ages that have dominated the Earth for the past two million years and predictions of future ice ages are examined in the light of current geological and climatic research. The course consists of lectures, one hour exam, and one final exam. Required Course Materials: Course Pack. Recommended Textbook: Ice Age Earth, Late Quaternary Geology and Climate, Dawson, A.G., 1992, Routledge, New York, NY ISBN 0-415-01567-7

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 104. Ice Ages, Past and Future.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Will Be Offered March 9 To April 20 With Final Exam on April 20 or Arranged. Drop/Add deadline: March 22

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course looks at the effects of present and past glaciations on the landscape and on life, humans in particular. Glaciers are examined as dynamic, climatically controlled systems of moving ice. Climatic and environmental changes concurrent with glaciation, in both continental and oceanic realms, are reviewed. The causes of the ice ages that have dominated the Earth for the past two million years and predictions of future ice ages are examined in the light of current geological and climatic research. The course consists of lectures, one hour exam, and one final exam. Required Course Materials: Course Pack. Recommended Textbook: Ice Age Earth, Late Quaternary Geology and Climate, Dawson, A.G., 1992, Routledge, New York, NY ISBN 0-415-01567-7

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 106. Fossils, Primates, and Human Evolution.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Jan. 7 To Feb. 25 With Final Exam on Feb. 25 or Arranged

Instructor(s): Philip Gingerich (gingeric@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 125. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Anatomical and behavioral characteristics of living primates are reviewed, and the fossil record is used to document the course of human evolution through the past 60 million years. No special background is required. Students seeking a more detailed course with laboratory exercises may follow this with Geology 438 (Evolution of the Primates). Course consists of 12 lectures, and a one-hour final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered March 9 to April 20 with Final Exam on April 20 or Arranged. Drop/Add deadline: March 22

Instructor(s): Rebecca Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 115. Geologic Time.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered March 9 To April 20 With Final Exam on April 20 or Arranged. Drop/Add deadline: March 22

Instructor(s): Eric Essene (essene@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 135 or 145 (or 269). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Until the middle of the 18th century the Earth was generally thought to be less than 10,000 years old, and according to many, close to its apocolyptic end. We now know that the Earth formed 4.5 billion years ago and that the entire history of mankind is nothing but the latest tiny fraction of Earth history. The formation of rocks, continental drift, volcanoes, and earthquakes is evaluated in the framework of geologic time and plate tectonics. The discovery of time from the Renaissance to the latest high tech developments in radioactive dating is reviewed. Finally, the history of planet Earth will be described including its accretion out of dust and giant impacts, the origin of the Moon, the formation of the atmosphere and oceans, the development of life and the building of continents. The course will draw upon examples meaningful to the student to illustrate the principles. Lectures twice weekly for half the term. Course pack provides most of the diagrams. A final one hour examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3, 4

Geol. Sci. 117. Introduction to Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Elect Lecture (001), Lab (002-003), and Dis (004-005)

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu) , Samuel Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 119, or 120. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 117 for 4 credits. (5). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (5).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course is the standard entrance level prerequisite for the geological sciences concentration. Because of that importance, we take its "heartbeat" on a very regular basis to ensure that not only does the course provide an excellent introduction of our discipline to non-science concentrators but also that it perks the interests of students considering geological sciences for a concentration. Several faculty members are involved with this course, and often a two-person team typically composed of a geochemist and a geophysicist teaches it. Our aim is to get the students to gain a familiarity with the fundamentals of geology, and environmental science. We describe and discuss the processes governing the basic building blocks of matter atoms, compounds, minerals and the three types of rocks (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic). We highlight the vastness of geologic time relative to the human lifespan, the central importance of plate tectonics in shaping our planet, the chemical and physical processes that shape Earth's landscapes, and the origin of (and the consequences of our use of) natural resources. The second half of the course focuses on the figure of the Earth (the geoid), its gravitational and magnetic fields, earthquake wave transmission, internal structure and heat flow. The course ends with a provocative discussion about the impact of global chemical changes (both natural and anthropogenic) on climate. Finally, the course has lab and discussion sections, which we visit often but are taught by GSIs. The lab provides hands-on experience with basic geology techniques and materials, with an emphasis on learning to identify minerals and rocks and on understanding and interpreting geologic maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 118. Introductory Geology Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 119, or 205 and 206, or 135. Credit is not granted for GS 118 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (GS 116, 117, or 218). (1). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

The laboratory provides hands-on experience with minerals, rocks, and maps. Participants will learn to identify common minerals and rocks, use topographic and geologic maps, and draw and interpret geologic cross sections. Examples will be drawn from areas of recent glaciation, volcanism, and earthquakes to show how these features are depicted in maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 119. Introductory Geology Lectures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu) , Samuel Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 117, 120. No credit granted to those who have completed both 205 and 206. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 119 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course consists of lectures shared with Geology 117 but does not include the laboratory section. A separate discussion section is also scheduled to insure continuity with class material and student-teacher contact. Students interested in ONE-TERM laboratory introductory science course should elect Geology 117. Lectures and discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 120. Geology of National Parks and Monuments.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Bruce Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is not granted for GS 120 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (116, 117, 119). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 205 and 206. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~eustasy/GS120.html

Geology of National Parks and Monuments approaches Earth history by examining the geology of places rather than by taking a process approach. It is designed for all interested undergraduates at the University of Michigan. The course format consists of three lectures each week and one two-hour demonstration-laboratory period, for four credits. Lecture material deals with the geologic history of selected National Parks and Monuments, which are chosen and scheduled so that those in which the oldest rocks are exposed (thus relating to the earliest portions of Earth history) are covered first. In so doing, we cover Earth history in a temporal progression, but do so by discussing different geographic areas. The demonstration-laboratory portion of the course will give you first-hand experience with rocks, minerals, and fossils; and an opportunity to discuss these in small groups.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 123/Environ. Stud. 123/AOSS 123. Life and the Global Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): James Walker (jcgw@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 277. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

See Environmental Studies 123.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 125. Evolution and Extinction.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Tomasz Baumiller (tomasz@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Those with credit for GS 106 may only elect GS 125 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be included in a concentration plan in geological sciences.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~kaplanp/125/

The course examines the concepts of evolution and extinction, stressing the role that the fossil record has played in their development. The broad patterns in history of life are presented starting with earliest evidence of life on earth. Basic geological principles necessary for reconstructing earth history are introduced. Readings are drawn from a variety of sources, including primary scientific literature. Requirements: attendance in lectures, discussion sections; readings; several short writing assignments; exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 135. History of the Earth.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Samuel Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu) , Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school chemistry, physics, and mathematics recommended. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 145 (or 269). Those with credit for GS 115 may only elect GS 135 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The goal of this course is to provide an overview of how the planet Earth came into being and evolved into its currant state. Emphasis will be given to the geological and evolutionary processes such as continent building, interactions of the oceans and atmosphere, interactions between Earth's crust and its interior, and the evolution of life as well as its dependence on Earth's physical balances. In addition, we will explore the shaping of the landscapes of North America as the product of physical, chemical, and biological interactions. The tools by which geologists have discovered the modern view of the origin of the Earth, chemical cycles, the age of the Earth, earthquakes, volcanoes, climate, and evolution of biodiversity will be explained throughout the term.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 146(270). Plate Tectonics.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Rob Van Der Voo (voo@umich.edu), Pares

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed three of GS 105, 107, and 205. Those with credit for one of GS 105 and 107 may only elect GS 146 for two credits. Those with credit for GS 205, or both GS 105 and 107, may only elect GS 146 for one credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The theory of plate tectonics, called dogma by some and paradigm by others, describes the mobility of continental and oceanic domains of the Earth's crust, as they are in constant motion along plate boundaries with respect to each other. The theory explains earthquakes and volcanoes, the topography of the Earth and the faunal and floral diversity of its living and fossil inhabitants. Lectures about the evidence also explore alternative explanations. The course involves three hours of weekly meeting time, a textbook and selected reading material. No background in Earth science is necessary. Evaluation is based on two exams, a series of student presentations on selected topics and written essays on the same subject.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 147(271). Natural Hazards.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 107 or 205 may only elect GS 147 for 2 credits. Those who have credit for both GS 107 and 205 may only elect 147 for 1 credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~ruff/geo147.W99/overview.html

This first-/second-year seminar examines various types of natural hazard such as earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. We make case studies, explore geological and geophysical background, and discuss the social aspects of natural hazards. Each student is given a project, which will be presented in a class and reported as an essay. Evaluation is based on an exam, the presentation and essay. No science background is required, but active participation of students is expected.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 148(272). Seminar: Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 284. Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 148 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on a wide spectrum of possible interactions between people and their physical environment and could be described as a course in applied geology. Fundamental principles important to the study of environmental geology will be presented followed by readings of case histories and discussions of selected environmental problems including natural hazards (flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), water resources, global warming, nuclear waste disposal, and geological aspects of environmental health. Students can study this subject without any previous exposure to the geological sciences. The goal of the seminar is to provide a scientific basis for making informed decisions on the myriad environmental problems that challenge a modern technocratic society. Students will be evaluated on the basis of midterm and final examinations as well as a short term paper and an oral presentation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 150(274). Dinosaur Extinction and Other Controversies.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Linda Ivany

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

One of the most dramatic developments in the Earth sciences is the suggestion that extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by a meteorite impact. Evidence for and against this controversial idea are just one of the subjects addressed by this course, dealing broadly with the history of our planet, the evolution of life upon it, and the sometimes rocky development of our understanding of Earth history. In addition to dinosaur extinction, we will discuss issues relating to catastrophic vs. gradual theories about the Earth's history, fossils and the history of life, mass extinctions (including whether or not we're in the middle of one now), and the evolution vs. scientific creation debate. How are the scientific discoveries made? What distinguishes a scientific argument from a non-scientific one? What roles do social and historical factors play in the construction (and acceptance) of scientific theories? Questions such as these will permeate the course. Readings will be drawn from a variety of sources, including primary scientific literature. Requirements: Reading, class participation, written assignments, midterm and final exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 201/Geography 201. Introductory Geography: Water, Climate, and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 144 (or 268). Those with credit for GS 111 may only elect GS 201 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4; 3 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is a basic introduction to physical geography which emphasizes many topics including maps, seasons, the atmosphere, greenhouse gasses, radiation and heat balance, the dangers of global warming, circulation, moisture and precipitation, air masses, and water supply. Students also study climate classification, and geologic and historical climate changes, and landforms and their formation. Students in this lecture-lab course are evaluated by hourly and final examinations with satisfactory completion of the lab work a prerequisite to the final course evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 205. How the Earth Works: the Dynamic Planet.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 117, 119, or 146 (or 270). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 105 and 107. Those with credit for one of GS 105 and 107 may only elect GS 205 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/205/gs205.html

This course as its title implies looks at the Earth as a dynamic system. It will try to look at the Earth as a whole system and how the different parts of that system interact. We will start with an introduction to the Earth and its origin, its place in the solar system. We continue by discussing the compounds that make up the Earth and how they are formed. We then launch into a discussion of the processes of a dynamic planet such as the Earth, focusing on plate tectonics and the Earth's interior. We move upwards to the surface to examine rivers, lakes and glaciers and how they shape the Earth's surface. We then pass on to the other two sphere we will cover by concentrating on the the oceans and atmosphere, weather and climate. We end by discussing environmental concerns and Eearth resources and the future of our planet. The course is interactive, it encourages questions and presentations by students and will make extensive use of web resources and other media.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 206. How the Earth Works: the Water Cycle and Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Lynn Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 206 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course describes behavior of earth materials in the surficial environment. Water is the main transport agent in the geological cycle; its unique properties and exchange rates among oceans, lakes, rivers, and groundwater are one focus. Interaction between water reservoirs and physical and chemical weathering of soils, sediments, and rocks also are discussed. Impact of humans on the surficial environment is a unifying theme because we can affect hydrologic and geochemical cycles. No special background required. Two lectures per week. Evaluation based on exams and participation. This course, and its companion course (GS 205), may be taken singly or concurrently and together constitute a balanced introduction to modern earth science.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 222. Introductory Oceanography.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Lab (Geology 223) Required for Undergraduate Marine Geology concentrators; Optional for Others

Instructor(s): Theodore Moore (tedmoore@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AOSS 203. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course introduces students to the scientific study of the oceans. Contents include the shape, structure, and origin of the ocean basins; the sedimentary record of oceanic life and conditions in the past; the composition of seawater and its influence on life and climate; waves and currents; the life of the oceans and how it depends upon the marine environment; the resources of the ocean and their wise use by society. The course format consists of lectures and readings from an assigned textbook. The course grade will be based on three one-hour exams and a two-hour final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an optional laboratory intended to provide students with opportunities to explore further various oceanography topics presented in the GS 222 lectures. Laboratory sessions will include sampling procedures, use of equipment, discussions, and demonstrations of how data are generated. The course grade will be based on written laboratory exercises and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 232. Earth Materials.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Lars Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem 125/130 or 210/211. Those with credit for GS 231 may elect GS 232 for only 2 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS232/index.html

This course is a required part of the Environmental Geology concentration Program. It comprises an introduction to the inorganic materials that occur near the earth's surface and their role in environmental processes. The course consists of (1) an introduction to matter, review of the elements and the structure of the atoms; (2) the nature of gases and molecules in the earth's atmosphere and their role in precipitation, sunlight filtration, and other processes; (3) geological fluids and the hydrosphere; (4) solid earth materials including minerals, their systematics, relationships between structure, bonding and behavior, and their combination in composites (rocks); and (5) processes and concepts such as diagenesis, the evolution of soils, and global geochemical cycles, in which all geopheres participate in essential ways.

In our study of the materials science of nature, we will explore such questions as: How do the physical and chemical nature of earth materials govern our environment? How do bonding and structure determine the properties of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, solid earth, and biosphere? How do transformation and change of earth materials mediate interactions among geospheres? Laboratory will explore the properties and characteristics of gaseous, fluid, and solid earth materials. There will be a midterm and final exam and a term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 310. Petrology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Rebecca Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231 and either an introductory geological sciences course or GS 351 to be elected prior to or concurrently with GS 310. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Petrology is the study of the origins of rocks. Emphasis is placed on igneous and metamorphic rocks in this course. The evidence for the deep crustal and upper mantle sources of igneous rocks is traced using petrographic, geochemical, and phase diagrammatic observations. In metamorphic petrology the response of metamorphites to changes in pressure, temperature, and fluid composition will be evaluated, primarily using petrographic and phase equilibrium data. Plate tectonic processes will be tied in to the origin and evolution of many igneous and metamorphic rocks. Some comparisons with extra-terrestrial igneous petrology will be made. The lectures are coordinated with microscopic laboratories using optical techniques to identify and evaluate mineral assemblages. The grade is determined through a combination of midterms, laboratory exams, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 351. Structural Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001 Meets with Geological Sciences 451.001

Instructor(s): Ben Van der Pluijm (dpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 117 or 119. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vdpluijm/gs351.htm

The description and analysis of geological structures in the Earth's crust and an introduction to global tectonics. Three lectures and one laboratory session weekly. The following topics are covered: the description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; stress, strain, deformation and rheology; introduction to dislocation theory; micro-structural analysis; principles of plate tectonics; selected orogenic systems of the world. GS 351 is a core course for concentrators; GS 451 is open to all who want to have a basic knowledge of crustal evolution. GS 351 is based on geology lab assignments, a lab test, a midterm and a final exam. Textbooks: Earth Structure, 1997, by B.A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak and Basic Methods of Structural Geology by S. Marshak and G. Mitra (optional).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 415. Introductory Economic Geology (Metals).

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 310 or 351. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course deals with the range of geologic processes that concentrate metallic and some non-metallic elements to form ore deposits. Although some attention is given to the economic, engineering, and exploration aspects of economic geology, the course concentrates on the geology and geochemistry of ore deposits. Most attention is given to hydrothermal ore deposits, including the solution and isotopic geochemistry of these ore-forming systems. Hydrothermal deposits associated with sedimentary basins, metamorphic terranes, submarine and continental volcanic areas, and deeper intrusive zones are discussed in detail. Deposits formed by other processes such as magmatic differentiation and immiscibility, weathering, and stream action, are given less attention. A laboratory associated with the course deals with geochemical calculations, examination of representative suites of ore samples in transmitted and reflected light, and study of fluid inclusions. A textbook, The Geology of Ore Deposits by Guilbert and Park, is strongly recommended.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 422. Principles of Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231, 305, 310 and Chem. 125/130. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~youxue/GS422.html

The course is designed to provide a quantitative introduction to geochemical aspects applied to earth sciences. Topics which will be covered include: abundance of the elements, isotope geochemistry, thermodynamic and kinetic controls of the distribution of the elements; water chemistry; crystal chemistry; geochemistry of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; and geochemical cycles and models. Instruction will consist of lectures and discussion sessions for the homework problems and reviewing of necessary mathematics/physics/chemistry background. The course is primarily intended for seniors concentrating in the geological sciences, but is also open to geology graduate students with advisor approval, and undergraduate or graduate students concentrating in chemistry and related fields. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, a midterm examination, a short term paper, and a final comprehensive examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 425. Environmental Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu) , Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Introductory chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course deals with geochemistry as it relates to humans and their geologic environment. The intended audience for the course includes advanced undergraduates and graduate students in Geological Sciences, as well as students at a similar level in related divisions such as Chemistry, Natural Resources, Public Health, and Engineering. The course reviews the composition of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere and the ways that they are related to the composition of the biosphere. Special attention is given to naturally-occurring elements and compounds of environmental interest and to geochemical processes of environmental significance. Lecture material is supplemented by problem sets and discussions. Evaluation is based on these assignments, as well as a midterm and a final exam. Reading comes largely from a course pack, class handouts, and research papers.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 426. Quantum Geology.

Section 001 The Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials

Instructor(s): Lars Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Math through 216, and one of: mineralogy, petrology, solid-state chemistry, solid-state physics, or materials science; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS426/index.html

The course is designed to appeal to a broad cross-section of students from the natural sciences and engineering with an interest in earth materials. It will provide a foundation in basic physical principles for the understanding and interpretation of the state and behavior of earth materials including fluids, minerals, and melts. The essentials of statistical mechanics and quantum mechanics will be introduced and applied to the fundamental understanding of central geological concepts from mineral and fluid chemistry, thermodynamics, and the transport of heat and mass in the earth system. Basic principles of materials science will be developed and applied to understanding structure, bonding, and dynamics in minerals. The microscopic basis of thermodynamics will be analyzed and applied to understanding and predicting material properties and behavior of fluids and solids. Surface properties and reactions and transport will be examined in terms of classic approximations and leading modern theoretical developments.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 445/Biology 445. Biogeography.

Instructor(s): Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 152-154 or 195. Historical Geology (or equivalent) is recommended. (3). (Excl).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~grsmith

Lectures and discussions explore the evolution of plants and animals in relation to past climates, geography, and ecology. Topics include physical and biotic limits to distribution, response of organisms to global patterns of temperature and moisture, ecology of dispersal, paleoecology, ice ages, speciation, extinction, rates of evolution, vicariant evolution and phylogenetic analysis, species diversity gradients, and their determinants. Examples will be drawn from terrestrial animals and plants, oceanography, paleontology, and island biogeography. Applications to conservation will be discussed.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 449. Marine Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): David Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 222/223 or introductory physical geology. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an examination of the geology of the ocean basins and the adjacent continental margins. Topics covered include methods of marine data collection, geologic structure of the ocean floor and margins, sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics, the processes of terrigenous, biogenous and chemical sedimentation, and the interpretation of the sedimentary record in terms of past ocean circulation and global climate history. Grades are based on a midterm and final examination and a term project designed to reveal the geologic history of one of the major ocean basins to be selected each year by the class. The class is given in a lecture format, class discussions are encouraged. The textbook is Marine Geology by J.P. Kennett.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 451. Introductory Earth Structure.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001 Meets with Geological Sciences 351.001

Instructor(s): Ben Van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of Instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vdpluijm/gs351.htm

This course offers description and interpretation of geological structures in the Earth's crust and an introduction to global plate tectonics. Topics covered are: mechanics, stress, strain and deformation; hand-specimen and field description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; flow of rocks (rheology); introduction to dislocation theory; microstructural analysis; principles of plate tectonics; tectonic evolution of selected regions. The course is aimed at those with an interest in geology beyond the introductory level, as well as students who want a basic understanding of the outer Earth's physical properties. Geology and oceanography concentrators should not enroll in GS451, but elect GS351. Geology graduate students may take this course for credit by permission only. The class meets for three weekly lectures, together with GS351; however, laboratory sessions are not included. Grading is based on three exams. Textbook: Earth Structure, 1997, by B.A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 473. Fundamentals of Organic Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 305 or Chem. 215/216. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The origins and fates of organic matter in geological settings form the basis of this course. Distributions of various types of carbon compounds in lakes and oceans, recent and ancient sediments, and soils are discussed. Molecular and isotopic indicators are used as tracers of organic matter sources and of alteration and exchange processes within and between these compartments. The special circumstances required for formation of coal, oil, and gas are explored as an important part of the alteration process discussions. The course format consists of lectures, discussions, and readings from the scientific literature. A midterm and final examination, plus a term paper, are required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 483. Geophysics: Seismology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent election of Math. 215 and Phys. 240. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course studies physics of earthquakes and the Earth's interior. Various seismological techniques to infer those from seismic waves are presented. Most treatments are application of physics to the real Earth and basic knowledge of math and physics is required. Geological background is not required. The outline of the course is: (1) basic seismological information including spatial and temporal distribution of earthquakes, magnitude and intensity scales, locating earthquakes, and seismometry; (2) elastic wave theory including stress and strain, seismic wave equations, body and surface waves, refraction and reflection, free oscillations of the Earth; (3) the Earth's structure; (4) earthquake source models. Lecture and laboratory.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 489. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 490.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 490. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 489.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

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