of Verbs: IntroductionClick
here for Note to Instructors
by M. Nafpaktitis
Polish, as a rule, verbs have two different forms, or aspects:
imperfective (niedokonane) and perfective (dokonane).
While both “aspects” of a verb have almost the same meanings,
depending on which of the forms you use, you will be expressing
a different sense of how the action took place.
aspect will help you determine whether the action:
is single and complete
often or habitually
holds in general
difference can be illustrated by using English:
bought a new car yesterday. (single, complete
was buying a new car yesterday, when I tripped and
broke my leg. (action in progress)
used to buy a new car every year. (action happened
often or habitually)
buys and sells used cars for a living. (holds
examples of imperfective and perfective pairs in Polish include:
that perfective forms of verbs can be formed by adding a prefix
(i.e. jeść/zjeść), by changing the stem (i.e.
zapraszać/zaprosić ), or by using an entirely new stem
(i.e. mówić/ powiedzieć).