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UKRAINIAN GRAMMAR IN A SHORTCUT

  • Ukrainian belongs to the East group of Slavic Languages together with Russian and Belarusian
  • Ukrainian uses Cyrillic alphabet, which was developed in the ninth century by monks Cyril and Methodius
  • There are thirty three letters in the Ukrainian alphabet
  • Ukrainian has no articles


NOUNS

" have a gender

" have plural

" change endings
(decline) according to the 7
cases


VERBS

" have infinitive

" have 3 tenses

" have aspects


ADJECTIVES

" follow the gender of the noun they describe

" change their endings according to the 7 cases


PRONOUNS

" are personal, possessive, interrogative, negative, indefinite

" change endings according to the 7 cases


NUMERALS

" are ordinal, cardinal and collective

" change their ending (decline) according to the 7 cases

NOUNS

GENDERS

PLURAL

CASES



  • Masculine: end in
    a consonant - стiл
  • Feminine: end in -a, -я
    книжка, Марiя
  • Neuter: end in -o, -e
    авто, море



  • Masculine and feminine
    end in -и, -i
    книжки, столи

  • Neuter nouns
    end in -а, -я
    авта, моря

 

There are 7 cases:

" Nominative - книжка
" Genetive - книжки
" Dative - книжцi
" Accusative - книжку
" Instrumental - книжкою
" Locative - на книжцi
" Vocative - Марiє!

UKRAINIAN SENTENCE STRUCTURE
 


1.
Це - книжка.
This is a book.

2. Це моя книжка.
This is my book.

3. Це моя українська книжка.
This is my Ukrainian book.

4. Вiн має мою українську книжку.
He has my Ukrainian book.

5. Хто читав цю українську книжку?
Who read this Ukrainian book?

6. Ми хочемо читати цю цiкаву українську книжку.
We want to read this interesting Ukrainian book?

 
     

 
Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures

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