Majors in Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

The Department administers  the major and minor in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Students interested in majors in Biology, General Biology, or Plant Biology or a minor in Biology or Plant Biology should refer to information listed under the Biology Program.

 

Field of Major and GPA Calculation

For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of the major" means the following:

  1. All BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and Biological Station courses, including cross-listed ones, at the 200-level and above.
  2. All required cognate courses (if any).
  3. All mandatory prerequisites.

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB) Advising +

Students are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors. Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and Honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice. Students who are interested in the EEB major or minor should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major. To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at www.lsa.umich.edu/biology/

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Major

Effective Winter 2014

May be elected as a departmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; or Biochemistry. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments, non-profit/non-governmental organizations, and private sector opportunities such as environmental consulting agencies. The minor embraces similar principles but to lesser depth for students who wish to supplement a major in another area with additional biological expertise.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  • CHEM 210/211 and CHEM 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.
  • Under exceptional circumstances, students may petition the Associate Chair of Curriculum to substitute other courses in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics for a prerequisite.

Requirements for the Major

A minimum of 30 credits, including:

  1. Core courses
    1. Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & EEB 372* (or BIOLOGY 282); or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
    3. Evolution: EEB 390* or 391
    4. Statistics or Biochemistry (choose one course):
      1. STATS 250, or
      2. One of the following: MCDB 310 or BIOLCHEM 415 or CHEM 351
    5. Capstone Seminar: EEB 410.

    * EEB 381 or EEB 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.
  2. Upper-Level Electives (2 courses, minimum 6 credits):
    1. EEB 300-level or above (except EEB 300, 302, 397, or 400); and,
    2. EEB or MCDB 300-level or above (except EEB/MCDB 300, 302, 400, or 397 or MCDB 412)
  3. EEB Course Areas. Courses used here may overlap with courses in the areas below and elsewhere (i.e., one course may satisfy multiple requirements).
    1. Biodiversity: At least one course must have a biodiversity focus.
      • BIOLOGY 207* (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 230* (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252* (4) Vertebrate Evolution and Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 255* (5) Plant Diversity (Sp)
      • BIOLOGY 256 (4) Animals Functioning in Environments
      • BIOLOGY 288* (4) Animal Diversity
      • EEB 330* (5) Biology of Birds (Su–UMBS)
      • EEB 341*(4) Parasitology
      • EEB 420 (3) Plant Evolution
      • EEB 431* (5) Biology of Animal Parasites (Su–UMBS)
      • EEB 433* (4) Ornithology
      • EEB 436 (4) Woody Plants I: Biology and Identification
      • EEB 440(3) Biology of Fishes
      • EEB 442* (4-5) Biology of Insects (F–AA / Sp– UMBS)
      • EEB 450* (5) Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles
      • EEB 451* (4) Biology of Mammals
      • EEB 453* (5) Field Mammalogy (Su–UMBS)
      • EEB 457* (5) Algae of Freshwater Ecosystems
      • * also satisfies lab req
    2. Lab: At least one course must include a lab
      [Note: EEB 372 cannot overlap with this requirement].
      (Note: A course taken at the U-M BioStation counts as a laboratory class.)
      :
      • BIOLOGY 207 (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 226 (2) Animal Physiol. Laboratory
      • BIOLOGY 230 (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252 (4) Chordate Anatomy and Phylogeny
      • BIOLOGY 255 (4) Plant Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 288 (4) Introduction to Animal Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 482 (5) Limnology (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 300 (3) Undergraduate Research
      • EEB 320 (4) Rivers, Lakes, and Wetlands (Su at UMBS: 5 cr.)
      • EEB 330 (5) Biology of Birds (Sp at UMBS)
      • EEB 341 (4) Parasitology
      • EEB 348 (5) Forest Ecosystems (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 381 (5) General Ecology (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 400 (3) Advanced Research
      • EEB 405 (5) Biological Station Special Topics (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 431 (5) Ecology of Animal Parasites (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 433 (4) Ornithology
      • EEB 436 (4) Woody Plants
      • EEB 437 (5) Biology of Invertebrates
      • EEB 441 (1) Biology of Fishes Laboratory
      • EEB 442 (4) Biology of Insects (Su at UMBS: 5 cr.)
      • EEB 450 (5) Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles
      • EEB 451 (4) Biology of Mammals
      • EEB 453 (5) Field Mammalogy (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 455 (5) Ethnobotany (Sp at UMBS)
      • EEB 457 (5) Algae in Freshwater Ecosystems (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 459 (4) Systematic Botany
      • EEB 463 (3) Neotropical Plant Families
      • EEB 468 (4) Biology of Fungi
      • EEB 474 (5) Wetlands Ecology (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 477 (5) Laboratory in Field Ecology
      • EEB 483 (3) Limnology: Freshwater Ecology
      • EEB 484 (3) Limnology Laboratory
      • EEB 486 (5) Biology and Ecology of Fishes (Su at UMBS)
      • EEB 489 (3) Soil Ecology
      • EEB 496 (3) Applied Population Ecology
      • EEB 532 (3) Birds of the World
      • EEB 556 (5) Field Botany of Northern Michigan (Su at UMBS)
      • MCDB 300 (3) Undergraduate Research
      • MCDB 306 (3) Intro. Genetics Laboratory)
      • MCDB 308 (3) Develop. Biology Laboratory
      • MCDB 400 (3) Advanced Research
      • MCDB 413 (3) Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory
      • MCDB 419 (3) Endocrinology Laboratory
      • MCDB 423 (3) Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology Laboratory
      • MCDB 429 (3) Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory
    3. Research* or Residential Field Experience:
      1. EEB 300 (3) or 400 (3), or,
      2. Any upper division UMBS course or advisor-approved residential field experience
      3. See more information on Program in Biology undergraduate research: www.lsa.umich.edu/biology/studentresearch
  4. Additional Courses. Additional courses at the 200-level or above (except EEB/MCDB 302 or MCDB 412) as needed to bring the major total to 30 credit hours; this may include up to two approved cognate courses. Prerequisites and introductory science courses are excluded.
  5. COGNATE OPTIONS:

  6. Anthropology
    ANTHRBIO 365 Human Evolution
    ANTHRBIO 368 Primate Social Behavior I 

    Chemistry
    Any course number CHEM 230 or above. 

    Complex Systems
    CMPLXSYS 501 Introduction to Complex Systems
    CMPLXSYS 530 Computer Modeling of Complex Systems 

    Earth and Environmental Sciences 
    EARTH 320 Earth Systems Evolution 
    EARTH 341 Environmental Science in the Rockies 
    EARTH 418 Paleontology 
    EARTH 436 Field Studies in Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Sedimentology 
    EARTH 437 Evolution of Vertebrates
    EARTH 438 Evolution of the Primates 

    Environment 
    ENVIRON 310 Toxicology: The Study of Environmental Chemicals and Disease 
    ENVIRON 311 Lakes, Rivers and Wetlands (Also taught at UMBS) 
    ENVIRON 317 Conservation of Biological Diversity 
    ENVIRON 341 Environmental Science in the Rockies 
    ENVIRON 353 Tropical Conservation and Resource Management 
    ENVIRON 411 Fluvial Ecosystems 
    ENVIRON 416 Field Skills in Wildlife Behavior 
    ENVIRON 418 Biology and Management of Insects 
    ENVIRON 419 Agricultural/Forest Pest Management 
    ENVIRON 441 Remote Sensing of Environment
    ENVIRON 457 Plant Physiological Ecology 

  7. Mathematics
    Courses numbered 200 or above. 

  8. Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology
    All MCDB courses. 

    Physics 
    Courses approved in advance by an advisor 

  9. Psychology
    PSYCH 338 Primate Social Behavior I
    PSYCH 438 Hormones and Behavior
    PSYCH 530 Advanced Topics in Evolutionary Comparative Psychology 

    Statistics
    STATS 250 Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis
    STATS 400 Applied Statistical Methods

    College of Engineering
    AOSS 304 The Atmospheric and Oceanic Environment
    AOSS 320 Earth Systems Evolution
    BIOMEDE 231 Introduction to Biomechanics
    ENSCEN 304 The Atmospheric and Oceanic Environment 

    Medical School
    BIOLCHEM 415
    HUMGEN 541 Gene Structure and Regulation 

    School of Public Health
    EPID 543 Virus Diseases
    EPID 560 Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogenesis

 


A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB/MCDB 300/400), taken in one term, may be used to satisfy the Residential Field Course or Independent Research requirement. Three additional credits of MCDB/EEB 300/400 (taken in one term) may be applied under Additional Courses for a maximum of six independent research credits.

Honors Plan in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

The department conducts an Honors program to trains students to conduct independent research in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. In addition to completing all the requirements for the EEB major, an Honors plan  requires a major GPA of at least 3.4, and the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is reported in an Honors thesis and presented in a public forum. It is recommended that students discuss the Honors plan with a department advisor early in their undergraduate career, and to meet with a department advisor to declare Honors as soon a possible.

 

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Major (Winter 2012-Fall 2013) +

Effective Winter 2012  (course list updates)-Fall 2013

May be elected as a departmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; or Biochemistry. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments, non-profit/non-governmental organizations, and private sector opportunities such as environmental consulting agencies. The minor embraces similar principles but to lesser depth for students who wish to supplement a major in another area with additional biological expertise.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  • CHEM 210/211 and CHEM 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

Under exceptional circumstances, students may petition the Associate Chair of Curriculum to substitute other courses in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics for a prerequisite.

Requirements for the Major

 A minimum of 30 credits (Students who took BIOLOGY 162 or 163, or have AP credit for BIOLOGY 162 must complete 32 credits), including:

  1. Core courses
    1. Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & EEB 372* (or BIOLOGY 282); or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
    3. Evolution: EEB 390*
    4. Statistics or Biochemistry (students should consult with an EEB advisor prior to choosing and the other option may be taken as an elective):
      1. STATS 250 (or 350); or
      2. One of the following: MCDB 310, or BIOLCHEM 415

*   EEB 381 or EEB 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.

  1. Capstone Seminar: EEB 410.
  2. Research Experience or Residential Field Course.
    1. EEB 300 or 400, or
    2. Any upper division UMBS course.
    It is possible to receive EEB 300/400 credit for research done under the direction of a faculty member in another unit of the University, as long as an EEB faculty member agrees to serve, in advance, as a co-sponsor. Approval in advance by an EEB advisory is required to obtain credit for residential field courses (minimum duration of three weeks) taken at non-UM academic institutions.
  3. Additional Major Courses (Electives): 9-12 credits of courses at the 200-level or above chosen in consultation with, and approved by, the department advisor. These courses should be tailored to the student's individual interests and should promote interdisciplinary approaches among EEB areas and other natural sciences:
    • At least one course must be from EEB offerings
    • At least one course must have a biodiversity focus
    • At least one course must include a lab
    • At least two courses must be at the 300-level or above (one must be an EEB course)
  4. A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the Additional Major Courses (in addition to those used to meet the Research Experience requirement, i.e., there is a maximum allowable total of six independent research credits). If a student elects EEB 300 or 400 to meet the laboratory requirement, they must complete 3 credits in one term to satisfy the requirement.

EEB Biodiversity Focus Courses

EEB Major Approved Electives

 

 

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major (Fall 2011) +

Effective Fall 2011

May be elected as a departmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; or Biochemistry.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments, non-profit/non-governmental organizations, and private sector opportunities such as environmental consulting agencies. The minor embraces similar principles but to lesser depth for students who wish to supplement a major in another area with additional biological expertise.

Advising. Students will be advised by a combination of staff and faculty to discuss individual course selection based on the student's interests, as well as career counseling, and research opportunities. Students who are interested in the EEB major should consult a general advisor during the freshman year and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major. To make an appointment come in person to the Undergraduate Program Office located in 1111 Kraus Natural Sciences Building.

 

Prerequisites to the Major.

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.
  • Under exceptional circumstances, students may petition the Associate Chair of Curriculum to substitute other classes in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics for a prerequisite.

Program of study in a major. A minimum of 30 credits (Students who took BIOLOGY 162 or 163, or have AP credit for BIOLOGY 162 must complete 32 credits), including:

  1. Core courses
    1. Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & EEB 372* (or BIOLOGY 282); or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
    3. Evolution: EEB 390*
    4. Statistics or Biochemistry (students should consult with an EEB advisor prior to choosing and the other option may be taken as an elective):
      1. STATS 250 (or 350); or
      2. One of the following: MCDB 310, or BIOLCHEM 415
    *   EEB 381 or EEB 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.
  2. Research Experience or Residential Field Course.
    1. EEB 300 or 400, or
    2. Any upper division UMBS course.
    It is possible to receive EEB 300/400 credit for research done under the direction of a faculty member in another unit of the University, as long as an EEB faculty member agrees to serve, in advance, as a co-sponsor. Approval in advance by an EEB advisory is required to obtain credit for residential field courses (minimum duration of three weeks) taken at non-UM academic institutions.
  3. Capstone Seminar: EEB 410.
  4. Additional Major Courses (Electives): 9-12 credits of courses at the 200-level or above chosen in consultation with, and approved by, the department advisor. These courses should be tailored to the student's individual interests and should promote interdisciplinary approaches among EEB areas and other natural sciences:
    • At least one course must be from EEB offerings
    • At least one course must have a biodiversity focus
    • At least one course must include a lab
    • At least two courses must be at the 300-level or above (one must be an EEB course)

A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the Additional Major Courses (in addition to those used to meet the Research Experience requirement, i.e., there is a maximum allowable total of six independent research credits). If a student elects EEB 300 or 400 to meet the laboratory requirement, they must complete 3 credits in one term to satisfy the requirement.

 

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major (Fall 2008-Summer 2011) +

 

Effective Fall 2008

May be elected as a departmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; or Biochemistry.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earthᅢᄁ¬ツᆲ¬トᄁs biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments, non-profit/non-governmental organizations, and private sector opportunities such as environmental consulting agencies. The minor embraces similar principles but to lesser depth for students who wish to supplement a major in another area with additional biological expertise.

Advising. Students will be advised by a combination of staff and faculty to discuss individual course selection based on the student's interests, as well as career counseling, and research opportunities. Students who are interested in the EEB major should consult a general advisor during the freshman year and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major. To make an appointment come in person to the Undergraduate Program Office located in 1111 Kraus Natural Sciences Building.

 

Prerequisites to the Major.

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/141 and 235/241; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.
  • Under exceptional circumstances, students may petition the Associate Chair of Curriculum to substitute other classes in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics for a prerequisite.

Program of study in a major. A minimum of 30 credits (Students who took BIOLOGY 162 or 163, or have AP credit for BIOLOGY 162 must complete 32 credits), including:

  1. Core courses
    1. Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & 282; or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
    3. Evolution: EEB 390*
    4. Statistics or Biochemistry (students should consult with an EEB advisor prior to choosing and the other option may be taken as an elective):
      1. STATS 250 (or 350); or
      2. One of the following: MCDB 310, or BIOLCHEM 415
    *   EEB 381 or EEB 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.
  2. Research Experience or Residential Field Course.
    1. EEB 300 or 400, or
    2. Any upper division UMBS course.
    It is possible to receive EEB 300/400 credit for research done under the direction of a faculty member in another unit of the University, as long as an EEB faculty member agrees to serve, in advance, as a co-sponsor. Approval in advance by an EEB advisory is required to obtain credit for residential field courses (minimum duration of three weeks) taken at non-UM academic institutions.
  3. Capstone Seminar: EEB 410.
  4. Additional Major Courses (Electives): 9-12 credits of courses at the 200-level or above chosen in consultation with, and approved by, the department advisor. These courses should be tailored to the student's individual interests and should promote interdisciplinary approaches among EEB areas and other natural sciences:
    • At least one course must be from EEB offerings
    • At least one course must have a biodiversity focus
    • At least one course must include a lab
    • At least two courses must be at the 300-level or above (one must be an EEB course)

A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the Additional Major Courses (in addition to those used to meet the Research Experience requirement, i.e., there is a maximum allowable total of six independent research credits). If a student elects EEB 300 or 400 to meet the laboratory requirement, they must complete 3 credits in one term to satisfy the requirement.

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major (through Summer 2008) +

Effective through Summer 2008 

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

May be elected as a departmental major

The Ecology and Evolutionary Biology major will train biologists interested in the origins and complex interactions of the Earth's biodiversity and ecosystems with both the fundamental knowledge in these areas and the basic skills of scientific inquiry. The program spans numerous levels of biological organization over multiple time-scales, and includes studies of genes and genomes, organ systems, individual organisms, populations, species, communities, and ecosystems. Students learn to synthesize how these levels of organization are related to one another and what processes govern their interactions. The major in EEB will prepare students for a variety of career paths including graduate study in biology, public health and medical, dental, and veterinary health professions, conservation and natural resource management, teaching at the K-12 level, positions in the local, state and federal governments, non-profit/non-governmental organizations, and private sector opportunities such as environmental consulting agencies. The minor embraces similar principles but to lesser depth for students who wish to supplement a major in another area with additional biological expertise.

Advising. Students will be advised by a combination of staff and faculty to discuss individual course selection based on the student's interests, as well as career counseling, and research opportunities. Students who are interested in the EEB major should consult a general advisor during the freshman year and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major. To make an appointment come in person to the Undergraduate Program Office located in 1111 Kraus Natural Sciences Building.

Prerequisites to the Major.

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and BIOLOGY 173; or BIOLOGY 162; or BIOLOGY 163;
  •   CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  •   MATH 115 and 116;
  •   PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/141 and 235/241; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

Under exceptional circumstances, students may petition the Associate Chair of Curriculum to substitute other classes in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics for a prerequisite.

Program of study in a major. A minimum of 33 credits (30 credits for those who elected the new introductory Biology series BIOLOGY 171, 172, 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173), including:

1.  Core courses

a.  Ecology: BIOLOGY 281 & 282; or EEB 381* (elected at UMBS)

b    Genetics: BIOLOGY 305

c    Evolution: BIOLOGY 390*

d.  Statistics or Biochemistry (students should consult with an EEB advisor prior to choosing and the other option may be taken as an elective):

1. STATS 350 OR 400, or

2. One of the following: BIOLOGY 310, 311, or BIOLCHEM 415

*   EEB 381 or BIOLOGY 390 taken at UMBS satisfies both the residential field course requirement and the individual course requirements.

2.  Research Experience or Residential Field Course.

  1. EEB 300 or 400, or
  2. Any upper division UMBS course.

It is possible to receive EEB 300/400 credit for research done under the direction of a faculty member in another unit of the University, as long as an EEB faculty member agrees to serve, in advance, as a co-sponsor. Approval in advance by an EEB advisory is required to obtain credit for residential field courses (minimum duration of three weeks) taken at non-UM academic institutions.

3.  Capstone Seminar designed to meet the ULWR: EEB 410.

4.  Additional Major Courses (Electives): 9-12 credits of courses at the 200-level or above chosen in consultation with, and approved by, the department advisor. These courses should be tailored to the student's individual interests and should promote interdisciplinary approaches among EEB areas and other natural sciences:

  • At least one course must be from EEB offerings
  • At least one course must have a biodiversity focus
  • At least one course must include a lab
  • At least two courses must be at the 300-level or above

A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the Additional Major Courses (in addition to those used to meet the Research Experience requirement, i.e., there is a maximum allowable total of six independent research credits). If a student elects EEB 300 or 400 to meet the laboratory requirement, they must complete 3 credits in one term to satisfy the requirement.


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