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Advising +

Students  are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors.  Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice.  Students who are interested in the Microbiology major should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year.  It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major.  To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at http://www.lsa.umich.edu/biology/

Microbiology Major (B.S.)

Effective Fall 2014

May be elected as an interdepartmental major, supervised by the Microbiology Major Committee

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Microbiology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216
  • MATH 115 
  • One course from:
    • MATH 116
    • STATS 250
    • BIOPHYS 290 or PHYSICS 290
    • STATS 400-level or above
    • any course that lists MATH 115 as a prerequisite 

    [Note: Any course used to meet this requirement cannot also be used as an elective in the major, i.e., a course cannot “double-count.”]

  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Requirements for the major

  1. Core:
    1. Microbiology: BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
    3. Biochemistry. One of:  MCDB (BIOLOGY) 310, BIOLCHEM 415,  or CHEM 351
    4. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
  2. Upper-Level Requirements (minimum 19 credits).
    A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 — Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology
      (select at least two courses):
      • MCDB 401 (appropriate sections only), 415, 432, 437, 444, 489
      • EEB 315, 446, 468, 470
      • MICRBIOL 430, MICRBIOL 460/INTMED 460, MICRBIOL 320/INTMED 320
    2. Group 2 — Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology (select at least one course):
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440/IMMUNO 440 or MCDB 436 (only one of these will count toward the major).
    3. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Epidemiology:
        EPID 504, 505, 507 or 525
      4. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      5. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      6. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      7. Research:
        • MICRBIOL 399
        • EEB 400
        • MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits)
        • EPID 399 (2nd term)
        • IMTMED 499 (2nd term)

        Note:
        A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.

 

 

Other courses with permission of advisor.

 

Field of Major

 For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of  major" means the following:

  1. All mandatory prerequisites.
  2. All courses from participating departments (BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, MICRBIOL, INTMED, and EPID.
  3. Any other course used to satisfy requirements for the major.

 

Honors Plan

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student's research.

 

Using non-LSA coursework in the Microbiology major

Epidemiology (EPID) courses are offered under the School of Public Health. Microbiology & Immunology (MICRBIOL) courses are offered by the Medical School. These and any other external courses not cross-listed through an LSA department (including some BIOLCHEM offerings) count as non-LSA course work (see “non-LSA coursework” on the LSA website). Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LSA course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. See an advisor with questions about your non-LSA elections

 

Microbiology Major (B.S.) [Winter 2014-Summer 2014] +

Effective Winter 2014-Summer 2014

May be elected as an interdepartmental major, supervised by the Microbiology Major Committee

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Microbiology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Requirements for the major

  1. Core:
    1. Microbiology: BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
    3. Biochemistry. One of:  MCDB (BIOLOGY) 310, BIOLCHEM 415,  or CHEM 351
    4. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
  2. Upper-Level Requirements (minimum 19 credits).
    A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 - Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology
      (select at least two courses):
      • MCDB 401 (appropriate sections only), 415, 432, 437, 444, 489
      • EEB 315, 446, 468, 470
      • MICRBIOL 430, MICRBIOL 460/INTMED 460
    2. Group 2 - Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology (select at least one course):
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440/IMMUNO 440 or MCDB 436 (only one of these will count toward the major).
    3. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Epidemiology:
        EPID 504, 505, 507 or 525
      4. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      5. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      6. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      7. Research:
        • MICRBIOL 399
        • EEB 400
        • MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits)
        • EPID 399 (2nd term)
        • IMTMED 499 (2nd term)

        Note:
        A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.

 

 

Other courses with permission of advisor.

Field of Major

 For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of  major" means the following:

    1. All mandatory prerequisites.
    2. All courses from participating departments (BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, MICRBIOL, INTMED, and EPID.
    3. Any other course used to satisfy requirements for the major.

 

Honors Plan

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student's research.

 

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology major

Epidemiology (EPID) courses are offered under the School of Public Health. Microbiology & Immunology (MICRBIOL) courses are offered by the Medical School. These and any other external courses not cross-listed through an LSA department (including some BIOLCHEM offerings) count as non-LSA course work (see “non-LSA coursework” on the LSA website). Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LSA course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. See an advisor with questions about your non-LSA elections

 

Microbiology Major (B.S.) (Fall 2013) +

Effective Fall 2013

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Microbiology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Requirements for the major

  1. Core:
    1. BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Biochemistry. One of:  MCDB (BIOLOGY) 310 or 311, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
    3. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
    4. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
  2. Specified Electives (minimum 19 credits). A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 - Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology:
      • MCDB 415, 432, 437, 444, 489
      • EEB 315, 468, 470
      • MICRBIOL 430, MICRBIOL 460/INTMED 460
    2. Group 2 - Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology:
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440 or MCDB 436.
    3. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      4. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      5. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      6. Research:
      7. MICRBIOL 399

        EEB 400

        MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits).

        Note: A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.  

      8. Other courses with permission of advisor.

Field of Major

For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of the major" means the following:

  1. All BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and Biological Station courses, including cross-listed ones, at the 200-level and above.
  2. All course used to satisfy requirements for the major
  3. All required cognate courses (if any).
  4. All mandatory prerequisites.

 

Honors Plan

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student"s research.

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology major

All courses in Biological Chemistry (BIOLCHEM) and Microbiology and Immunology (MICRBIOL) are listed in the Online Schedule of Classes under the Medical School; Epidemiology (EPID) courses are listed under the School of Public Health. Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A department count as non-LS&A course work (see "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter III ). BIOLCHEM 415 and 416 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A credits which may be applied toward the degree. Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. Students pursuing a major in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department whenever possible.

 

Microbiology Major (B.S.) (Fall 2011-Summer 2013) +

Effective Fall 2011-Summer 2013

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Microbiology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Requirements for the major

  1. Core:
    1. BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Biochemistry. One of:  MCDB (BIOLOGY) 310 or 311, BIOLCHEM 415, or BIOLCHEM 415, or BIOLCHEM 451 (when elected with BIOLCHEM 452), or CHEM 451 (when elected with CHEM 452).
    3. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
    4. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
  2. Specified Electives (minimum 19 credits). A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 - Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology:
      • MCDB 415, 432, 437, 444, 489
      • EEB 315, 468, 470
      • MICRBIOL 430, MICRBIOL 460/INTMED 460
    2. Group 2 - Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology:
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440 or MCDB 436.
    3. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      4. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      5. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      6. Research:
      7. MICRBIOL 399

        EEB 400

        MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits).

        Note: A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.  

      8. Other courses with permission of advisor.

Field of Major

For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of the major" means the following:

  1. All BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and Biological Station courses, including cross-listed ones, at the 200-level and above.
  2. All course used to satisfy requirements for the major
  3. All required cognate courses (if any).
  4. All mandatory prerequisites.

 

Honors Plan

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student"s research.

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology major

All courses in Biological Chemistry (BIOLCHEM) and Microbiology and Immunology (MICRBIOL) are listed in the Online Schedule of Classes under the Medical School; Epidemiology (EPID) courses are listed under the School of Public Health. Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A department count as non-LS&A course work (see "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter III ). BIOLCHEM 415 and 416 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A credits which may be applied toward the degree. Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. Students pursuing a major in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department whenever possible.

 

Microbiology major (Fall 2008-Summer 2011) +

Microbiology (B.S.)

Effective Fall 2008-Summer 2011

May be elected as an interdepartmental major, supervised by the Microbiology Major Committee

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Microbiology may not elect the following majors: Biology, General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major.

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 173;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/141 and 235/241; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

 

Program of study in a major

  1. Core:
    1. BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Biochemistry. One of: MCDB (BIOLOGY) 310 or 311, BIOLCHEM 415, or BIOLCHEM 415, or BIOLCHEM 451 (when elected with BIOLCHEM 452), or CHEM 451 (when elected with CHEM 452).
    3. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
    4. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
  2. Specified Electives (minimum 19 credits). A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 - Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology:
      • MCDB 415, 432, 589
      • EEB 315, 470
      • MICRBIOL 460/ INTMED 460.
    1. Group 2 - Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology:
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440 or MCDB 436.
    2. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      4. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      5. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      6. Research:
      7. MICRBIOL 399

        EEB 400

        MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits).

        Note: A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.  

      8. Other courses with permission of advisor.

Field of Major. For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of the major" means the following:

  1. All BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and Biological Station courses, including cross-listed ones, at the 200-level and above.
  2. All course used to satisfy requirements for the major
  3. All required cognate courses (if any).
  4. All mandatory prerequisites.

 

Honors Plan.

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student"s research.

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology major.All courses in Biological Chemistry (BIOLCHEM) and Microbiology and Immunology (MICRBIOL) are listed in the Online Schedule of Classes under the Medical School; Epidemiology (EPID) courses are listed under the School of Public Health. Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A department count as non-LS&A course work (see "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter III ). BIOLCHEM 415 and 416 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A credits which may be applied toward the degree. Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. Students pursuing a major in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department whenever possible.

 

Microbiology major (Fall 2005 through Summer 2008) +

Microbiology (B.S.)

Effective Fall 2005 through Summer 2008 

May be elected as an interdepartmental major, supervised by the Microbiology Major Committee

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology is also included within the science of microbiology. A major in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor"s degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Students intending to go to graduate school should have at least two terms of research experience. These can appear as graded courses, UROP participation, or be independent of the graded curriculum. Most graduate school-bound students will have 1-2 graded research courses (2-4 credits/each) on record. Students intending to go to graduate school will need research experience as well as two terms of Calculus and two terms of Physics. Students intending to go to medical school will need to take two terms of Physics and CHEM 230.

Prerequisites to the Major.

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and BIOLOGY 173; or BIOLOGY 162; or BIOLOGY 163;
  • CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/141 and 235/241; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors major and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

 

Program of study in a major

  1. Core:
    1. BIOLOGY 207.
    2. Biochemistry. One of: BIOLOGY 310 or 311, BIOLCHEM 415 or 451 (when elected with BIOLCHEM 452), or CHEM 451 (when elected with CHEM 452).
    3. Advanced laboratory: MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
    4. Genetics: BIOLOGY 305.
  2. Specified Electives (minimum 19 credits). A minimum of eleven credits must be selected from Groups 1 and 2 which must include at least two courses from Group 1 and one course from Group 2. The remaining eight credits may be selected from Groups 1, 2, or 3.
    1. Group 1 - Microbial Genetics, Physiology, Cellular
      Biology, Diversity and Ecology:
      • MCDB 415, 432, 589
      • EEB 315, 470
      • MICRBIOL 460/ INTMED 460.
    2. Group 2 - Microbial Pathogenesis, General Virology & Immunology:
      • MICRBIOL 405, 415;
      • EPID 460;
      • MICRBIOL 440 or MCDB 436.
    3. Group 3 - Advanced Electives. A maximum of eight credits from the courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology major.
      1. Advanced Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cellular Biology:
        MCDB 427, 428
        MCDB 411 or CHEM 452.
      2. Ecology:
        EEB 476, EEB 483.
      3. Microbiology & Immunology:
        Any MICRBIOL course at the 500-level or higher (with approval of advisor).
      4. Mathematics:
        Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
      5. Statistics:
        Any STATS course at the 400-level or above.
      6. Research:
      7. MICRBIOL 399

        EEB 400

        MCDB 400 (maximum of 3 credits).

        Note: A maximum of 3 credits of independent research can be applied to the major. A course must be taken for a minimum of two credits and completed in a single term to count as an elective course.  

      8. Other courses with permission of advisor.

Field of Major. For purposes of calculating grade point average, the term "field of the major" means the following:

  1. All BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and Biological Station courses, including cross-listed ones, at the 200-level and above.
  2. All course used to satisfy requirements for the major
  3. All required cognate courses (if any).
  4. All mandatory prerequisites.

 

Honors Plan.

The Microbiology B.S. degree is the basis for the Honors degree in Microbiology. Students must elect two semesters of independent research, maintain a major GPA of 3.4, complete an Honors thesis and give a research presentation based on their Honors work. Prior to applying to the Microbiology Honors Program, students must identify a research mentor in one of the participating departments. Students may conduct Honors research with faculty in other units on the University of Michigan campus, but must have a formal co-sponsor relationship with a research track or tenure-track faculty in one of the participating departments. Students apply to the Honors Program in Microbiology by submitting a research proposal along with a letter from the research mentor indicating their willingness to sponsor the student"s research.

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology major.All courses in Biological Chemistry (BIOLCHEM) and Microbiology and Immunology (MICRBIOL) are listed in the Online Schedule of Classes under the Medical School; Epidemiology (EPID) courses are listed under the School of Public Health. Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A departmentcount as non-LS&A course work (see "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter III ). BIOLCHEM 415 and 416 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A credits which may be applied toward the degree. Majors may elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. Students pursuing a major in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department whenever possible.

 

Microbiology concentration (Summer 2002 through Summer 2005) +

The undergraduate Microbiology Program is in abeyance until Fall 2005.  Student may elect the CMB concentration, Microbiology option | concentration requirements beginning Fall 2005

Microbiology (Fall 1999 until Suspended Summer 2002) +

Microbiology

This concentration was suspended in Summer 2002 | Student may elect a CMB concentration with an emphasis in Microbiology (Concentration Option 2) through Summer 2005 

 

May be elected as an interdepartmental concentration program

Microbiology

May be elected as an interdepartmental concentration program

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. Immunobiology, including immunochemistry, immunological defense mechanisms, and host-parasite interactions are also included within the science of microbiology. A concentration in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor's degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Prerequisites to Concentration. BIOLOGY 162; CHEM 210, 211, 215, 216; MATH 115 and 116; and PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 (or PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128). The PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors concentration and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Concentration Program.

  1. Required courses include:
    1. BIOLOGY 207; or MICRBIOL 501, 502, 503, and 350).
    2. BIOLOGY 310, 311, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 451 and 452.
    3. MCDB 306, 429, or BIOLCHEM 416.
    4. BIOLOGY 305 (Genetics).
  2. Electives (22 credits). A minimum of twelve credits selected from three of the five Groups a-e (a minimum of two credits must be selected within three of the groups). The remaining ten credits may be selected from Groups a-e, or from the Cognate List (#3).
    1. Immunology: MCDB 436; EPID 520; MICRBIOL 640, 641, 642.
    2. Virology: EPID 530, 543; MICRBIOL 615, 616, 617.
    3. Bacterial Pathogenesis: EPID 560; MICRBIOL 607, 608, 609 (or 505).
    4. Genetics and Molecular Biology/Physiology: MCDB 427, 513, 521, 522.
    5. Ecology and Evolution: EEB 458, 468, 483, 488, 589; MICRBIOL 525.
  3. Cognate Courses. A maximum of three advisor-approved cognate courses listed below may be applied toward a Microbiology concentration.
    1. BIOLOGY, EEB, or MCDB: Any course approved by the advisor.
    2. Chemistry: CHEM 260 or a course at the 300-level or above.
    3. Human Genetics: Any HUMGEN course at the 500-level or above.
    4. Mathematics: Any course with a MATH 116 prerequisite.
    5. Physics: Any course approved by the advisor.
    6. Statistics: Any course approved by the advisor.

Using non-LS&A coursework in the Microbiology concentration. All courses in Biological Chemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, and Human Genetics are listed in the Time Schedule under the Medical School; Epidemiology courses are listed in the Time Schedule under the School of Public Health. Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A department (e.g., EPID 543) count as non-LS&A course work (See "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter III ). BIOLCHEM 415 and 416 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A credits which may be applied toward the degree. Concentrators may elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree. Students pursuing a concentration in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department whenever possible.

Advising. Students who are interested in the CMB or Microbiology concentrations should consult a general advisor during the freshman year and a concentration advisor during the second term of the sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a concentration. Advising appointments are scheduled at 1111 Natural Science Building.

Honors Programs

The Honors Programs train students to conduct independent research in Cell and Molecular Biology or Microbiology. In addition to completing all the requirements for one of the Departmental concentrations, an Honors degree requires a concentration GPA of at least 3.3, and the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is reported in an Honors thesis.

Admission to the Honors Program. Students interested in the Honors Program should complete an application for admission. This application includes (a) the student's name and e-mail address, (b) a copy of the student's transcript, and (c) a statement describing the student's general area of research interest. It is not necessary to have a research mentor identified at the time of the application.

The Honors Program

  1. BIOLOGY 201. "Introduction to Research in the Life Sciences." This course surveys the range of research opportunities available in the Departments, and in other life science units at the University of Michigan. Students should complete BIOLOGY 201 during their sophomore year, although a student may enroll in their junior year.
  2. Research. The student must identify a research mentor, preferably by the end of the sophomore year. The research mentor can be a member of the Departments, or a life scientist holding a faculty appointment in another unit of the University, such as the Medical School or the School of Public Health. If the mentor is not a member of the Departments, the student must also identify a co-sponsor within the Departments.

    Students must register for independent research (MCDB 300 or 400) for at least two terms; most students register for three or four terms of independent research. All students working in labs in the Departments must register for MCDB 300 during their first term of Honors research, and for MCDB 400 in subsequent terms. Students working in labs outside of the Departments will usually register for MCDB 300 and 400 through their co-sponsor's independent study number. However, it is permitted to use the independent study number of another department if the co-sponsor approves it.

    It is highly recommended that students arrange to work full time on their Honors thesis during the summer between their junior and senior years. A limited amount of funds are available from university fellowships, so in most cases, support will have to come from the sponsoring lab. For students working in areas of field biology, it is often necessary to arrange for two field seasons to complete a project. For this reason, students working on field-based topics are urged to contact faculty about the possibility of starting work during the summer between their sophomore and junior years.
  3. Honors thesis proposal. A thesis proposal must be submitted during the student's third year. A research proposal should be approximately five pages long, and include a description of the background to the project, the specific hypotheses to be tested, the methods to be used, and the potential results of the student's proposed research. This proposal must include the signature of the mentor (and co-sponsor if there is one) indicating that he or she supports the proposal. The Honors Committee will review all thesis proposals, and communicate any concerns they have about the appropriateness and feasibility of the project to the student and mentor. If the committee judges a project to be unlikely to succeed, or on a topic that is outside the student's area of concentration, they will not approve the proposed project. For instance, research in molecular neurobiology would be appropriate for a CMB concentration, but not for a student concentrating in Microbiology. The Honors Committee will communicate their approval or disapproval of an Honors thesis proposal within one month of its submission.
  4. Readers. Prior to submitting their thesis, the student should identify three readers for the thesis, one of whom is the sponsor. At least two readers must be faculty members of the Departments, unless the student receives the written approval of the Biology Honors Committee for an exception. Readers must agree to turn in their evaluations within ten days after the thesis is submitted. Once the thesis is submitted, a member of the Honors Committee will be designated as a fourth reader of the thesis.
  5. The Honors thesis. For April/May graduates, the Honors thesis is due one week after the end of the winter break. This will allow ample time for the readers and the Honors Committee to evaluate all theses prior to the spring symposium. For December or August graduates, the thesis will be due one month before the last day of classes; there will be no Honors symposia in these terms.

    The Honors thesis is expected to be a report of a substantial body of original results obtained during a sustained period of investigation. It is to be written in the form of a research paper that could be submitted to a journal in the student's area of interest, with the exception that the introduction is expected to provide substantially more background on the research area than is typical of a research article.

    Based on the material presented in the Honors thesis and the student's overall record, the readers of the thesis will recommend a rating of "No Honors," "Honors," "High Honors," or "Highest Honors." "Highest Honors" will be given only in rare cases when (a) the student has a concentration GPA of 3.6 or above, and (b) all reviewers agree that the material, as presented, would be likely to be accepted into a professional journal with only minor modifications. Readers of Honors theses are expected to file their reports within ten days after the thesis is submitted. The reports of all readers should address the quality of the science reported in the thesis, as well as the quality of the presentation.

    The report of the mentor should also address the role the student played in the design, execution and interpretation of the experiments reported in the thesis, and should point out the role that others in the lab played.

    The Honors Committee will meet approximately two weeks after the due date of theses to review the recommendations of the readers and decide on the appropriate level of Honors. The committee will attempt to maintain uniform standards for Honors and is not constrained by the level of Honors recommended by the readers. The Honors Committee may decide to table discussion and request the student to revise the thesis if they believe that a revised version might merit a higher rating.
  6. Honors symposium. An Honors symposium will be held during the month of April. Each Honors graduate will be expected to prepare a poster describing his or her work. At the end of the poster session there will be an awards ceremony.

Typical Honors schedule

Year 1. Fall or Winter Term - Complete Introductory Biology (BIOLOGY 162).

Year 2. Fall or Winter Term - Enroll in BIOLOGY 201. Apply to Biology Honors Program.

Identify a research mentor.

Year 3. Fall Term - Begin research and submit Honors thesis proposal.

Winter Term - Continue research. (Submit Honors thesis proposal if it was not submitted fall term.)

Spring/Summer - Continue working in lab or field.

Year 4. Fall Term - Finish research and begin writing.

Early March - Turn in completed thesis.

Early April - Receive evaluation of thesis and present poster at Honors symposium.

Microbiology concentration (Prior to Fall 1999) +

 

Microbiology

Professors Bender, Douthit and Helling of the Department of Biology

May be elected as an interdepartmental concentration program

Microbiology includes the study of viruses, algae, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi as well as the study in culture of cells and tissues of higher life forms. Immunobiology, including immunochemistry, immunological defense mechanisms, and host-parasite interactions are also included within the science of microbiology. A concentration in microbiology prepares students for graduate study in microbiology, biochemistry, agricultural science, and food science as well as for study in other areas of biology which emphasize cellular structures and their function. A bachelor's degree in microbiology may qualify students for entry-level positions in medical, industrial, or governmental laboratories.

Prerequisites to Concentration. Biology 152, or Biology 195 (or the equivalent); Chemistry 210, 211, 215, 216, and 340; Mathematics 113 and 114, or Mathematics 115 and 116; and Physics 125/127 and 126/128, or Physics 140/141 and 240/241. The Physics 140/141 and 240/241 sequence is recommended for students interested in an Honors concentration and for those who anticipate graduate work in the field of microbiology.

Concentration Program. Must include:

1. Biology 411 and Biological Chemistry 416, or Biological Chemistry 415 and 416, or equivalent.

2. Biology 305 (genetics).

3. Biology 206/Microbiology 291 and Biology 408/Microbiology 401.

4. Biology 416 (biophysical chemistry) or Chemistry 365 or 468 (physical chemistry).

In addition, at least 8 credit hours must be completed from among: Biology 458, 468, 483, 488, 513, 589; Epidemiology 530, 543, 560, 570; and Microbiology 510, 525, 601, 602, 624, 701.

The following courses are recommended but not required: Biology 300, 400, 427, 428; Chemistry 427 and Microbiology 399, 770.

Biological Chemistry 415 and 416 and Microbiology 510 are listed in this Bulletin and therefore are not included in the non-LS&A hours which may be applied toward the degree. (See "Non-LS&A Course Work" in Chapter II). Courses not listed in this Bulletin and not cross-listed through an LS&A department (e.g., Microbiology 627) count as non-LS&A course work. Students pursuing a concentration in microbiology should elect cross-listed courses through the LS&A department (e.g., Biology 408 instead of Microbiology 401) whenever possible. Concentrators may, with the signed approval of a concentration advisor, elect 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the minimum 120 required for an A.B. or B.S. degree.

Honors Concentration. Microbiology concentrators of superior ability may be invited (normally during the junior year) to elect an Honors concentration. Research space is limited and profitable research experience requires extended laboratory work. Optimally, qualified students should contact prospective research mentors at the end of the sophomore year. After consulting with an academic counselor, qualified students are directed to find an appropriate research advisor. Candidates for an Honors concentration must elect two or more credits of independent research (Biology 300 and 400; or Microbiology 399) in addition to the regular departmental requirements for concentration, and must submit an acceptable senior Honors thesis for evaluation by a committee of counselors.

Advising and Counseling. Appointments with Professors Bender, Douthit, and Helling are scheduled at 1121 Natural Science


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