Major: Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies


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Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) Major

May be elected as a departmental major

Effective Fall 2001

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, Jordan, and Syria). The major  in ACABS can select from one of four options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student:

  • Ancient Mesopotamia,
  • Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel,
  • New Testament and Early Christianity, or
  • Ancient Egypt.

Prerequisite to Major

All Near Eastern Studies majors must complete the prerequisite course ACABS 100: Peoples of the Middle East.  

Program of study in a major

The major  in ACABS is required to complete four terms of language. The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Greek. Fourth-term proficiency in Classical Hebrew or Greek satisfies the language requirement of the College of LSA. The student has the option to complete only two terms of one of those three languages and two subsequent terms of a second (and third) language. In place of four terms of one language, the major  can select one of the following language options:

  •  one year of Akkadian followed by one year of Sumerian
  •  one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one term of Aramaic and another of Ugaritic
  •  one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one year of Classical Greek
  •  one year of Middle Egyptian and one year of one of the following languages:
    •  Classical Greek,
    •  Classical Hebrew, or
    •  Akkadian.

In addition to the four terms of language, the ACABS major  must elect six additional courses in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures and religions of the ancient Near East. These six divisional courses are to be selected from the four course levels: one at the 100-level, one at the 200-level, one at the 300-level, and three at the 400-500-level. The major  must also complete two cognate courses outside the division of major. The courses for the major must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the department advisor. Please contact the Departmental secretary to make an appointment with the department advisor.

ACABS concentration (Fall 1999 though Summer 2001) +

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS)

May be elected as a departmental concentration program

 Effective Fall 1999 through Summer 2001 

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, and Syria). The concentrator in ACABS can select from one of four options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student: Ancient Mesopotamia, Hebrew Bible/Ancient Israel, New Testament/Early Christianity, or Ancient Egypt.

Prerequisite to Concentration. All Near Eastern Studies concentrators must complete the prerequisite course 100, Peoples of the Middle East.

Concentration. The concentrator in ACABS is required to complete four terms of language. The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, and Greek. Fourth-term proficiency in Classical Hebrew or Greek satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. The student has the option to complete only two terms of one of those three languages and two subsequent terms of a second (and third) language. In place of four terms of one language, the concentrator can select one of the following three language options: one year of Akkadian followed by one year of Sumerian, or one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one term of Aramaic and another of Ugaritic, or three terms of middle Egyptian and one term of Coptic.

In addition to the four terms of language, the ACABS concentrator must elect six additional courses in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures and religions of the ancient Near East. These six divisional courses are to be selected from the four course levels: one at the 100-level, one at the 200-level, one at the 300 level, and three at the 400-500 level. The concentrator must also complete two elective cognate courses outside the division of concentration. The concentration courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor. Please contact the departmental secretary to make an appointment with the concentration advisor.

ACABS concentration (Fall 1998 to Fall 1999 ) +

Effective Fall 1998-Summer 1999 

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, and Syria). The concentrator in ACABS can select from one of three options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student: Ancient Mesopotamia, Hebrew Bible/Ancient Israel, or New Testament/Early Christianity.

The concentrator in ACABS is required to complete four terms of language. The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, or Greek. Fourth-term proficiency in Classical Hebrew or Greek satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. The student has the option to complete only two terms of one of those three languages and two subsequent terms of a second (and third) language. In place of four terms of one language, the concentrator can select one of the following three language options: one year of Akkadian followed by one year of Sumerian, or one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one term of Aramaic and another of Ugaritic, or three terms of middle Egyptian and one term of Coptic.

In addition to the four terms of language, the ACABS concentrator must elect six additional courses in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures and religions of the ancient Near East. These six divisional courses are to be selected from the four course levels: one at the 100-level, one at the 200-level, one at the 300 level, and three at the 400-500 level. The concentrator must also complete two elective cognate courses outside the division of concentration. The concentration courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor. Please contact the departmental secretary to make an appointment with the concentration advisor.

ACABS concentration (Fall 1994 to Summer 1998) +

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS)

May be elected as a departmental concentration program

Effective Fall 1994 through Summer 1998 

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, and Syria). The concentrator in ACABS can select from one of three options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student: Ancient Mesopotamia, Hebrew Bible/Ancient Israel, or New Testament/Early Christianity.

The concentrator in ACABS is required to complete four terms of language. The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, or Greek. Fourth-term proficiency in Classical Hebrew or Greek satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. The student has the option to complete only two terms of one of those three languages and two subsequent terms of a second (and third) language. In place of four terms of one language, the concentrator can select one of the following three language options: one year of Akkadian followed by one year of Sumerian, or one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one term of Aramaic and another of Ugaritic, or one year of Classical Greek followed by one year of Coptic.

In addition to the four terms of language, the ACABS concentrator must elect six additional courses in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures and religions of the ancient Near East. These six divisional courses are to be selected from the four course levels: one at the 100 level, one at the 200 level, one at the 300 level, and three at the 400-500 level. The concentrator must also complete two elective cognate courses outside the division of concentration. The concentration courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor. The concentration advisor for the options in the concentration of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies is Professor Brian Schmidt.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (through Summer 1994) +

Concentration Programs. Near Eastern Studies offers concentrations in Ancient and Biblical Studies, Hebrew Studies, Islamic Studies, Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. These program concentrations require a minimum of 30 credits and are described below. A double concentration is possible for students interested in both Near Eastern Studies and another academic department.

Honors Concentration. The Honors concentration is open to second-term juniors who have obtained the permission of the concentration and Honors advisors. Candidates for Honors in Near Eastern Studies must meet all requirements for a regular concentration. In each of the last two terms they will take Near East 497 (Senior Honors Thesis) leading to the writing of a thesis. Further details are available in the departmental office.

 

Ancient and Biblical Studies. 

Effective through Summer 1994

The division of Ancient and Biblical Studies offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures of the ancient Near East (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria, Israel, and Anatolia). The following languages are offered on a regular basis: Sumerian and Akkadian, Avestan, Egyptian, Ugaritic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Phoenician, Coptic, and Koine Greek. Courses on literature, history, culture cover such topics as myth, legend, and history writing, and cultural, political, and economic history, as well as magic, science, and religion.

Prerequisites to the concentration in Ancient and Biblical Studies are ABS 120 or 121 or 160. A minimum of 32 credits comprise a concentration in the division with a minimum of two terms of language required (four terms are highly encouraged) and NES 445 and 446. Both required and elective courses are evenly distributed over three subfields: language, literature, history and culture/religion. Three concentration tracks are provided as a means to enhance the intellectual focus of the student's course selection: Ancient Near East, Hebrew Bible, and New Testament. Guidelines for concentrators are available on request through the departmental office.

Near Eastern Studies Advising

Near Eastern Studies major programs prerequisitesThe student must select one of four programs: Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS); Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS); Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS); or Near Eastern Civilizations (NEC)

Prerequisite to the Majors

All Near Eastern Studies majors must complete the prerequisite course ACABS 100 / AAPTIS 100 / HJCS 100 / HISTORY 132: Peoples of the Middle East.

Requirements for the Majors

The student must select one of four divisions in Near Eastern Studies in which to pursue a major. Three divisions with special language requirements are: Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS); Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS); or Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS). Each of the three divisions provides specific programs to enhance the focus of the major. The department also offers a general studies major in Near Eastern Civilizations (NEC), a major without the language component of other program majors. A major in the department requires completion of course work in four categories: the prerequisite courses, the required language courses, the divisional elective courses and the optional elective or cognate courses. The divisions and their programs are described below. Near Eastern Studies also offers minors in Near Eastern Languages and Cultures and Early Christian Studies.

All Near Eastern Studies majors must complete a minimum of thirty hours of major credit in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the region. In addition, each concentrator must select two additional courses from offerings other than those provided by the division of major. Both cognate courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the student's department advisor. The student must maintain at least a grade of a  C in each term of a required major language. Those courses for which a student receives a lesser grade must be repeated.

Honors Plan

Majors who qualify as candidates for Honors in Near Eastern Studies are those who meet the requirements for a regular major, maintain a GPA of at least 3.4 overall and 3.5 in the major, and complete the writing of a senior thesis with distinction. Honors majors are required to enroll in the thesis course (498) both semesters of their senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per semester. Further information concerning the Honors major can be obtained at the departmental office or the Honors Program Office (1330 Mason Hall).

 


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