University of Michigan Museum of Zoology

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Collections :: Former Curators > Alexander G. Ruthven

(April 1, 1882 - January 19, 1971)
Curator, Division of Reptiles and Amphibians, Museum of Zoology (1906-1936)

Education:

B.S., Morningside College, Iowa, 1903
Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1906

Herpetological Publications:

  • 1904. Butler's garter snake. Biol. Bull., 7:289-299.
  • 1904. Notes on the molluscs, reptiles and amphibians of Ontonagon County, Michigan. Mich. Acad. Sci., 6:188-192.
  • 1906. An ecological survey in the Porcupine Mountains and Isle Royale, Michigan. Pp. 17- 55. In Adams, Charles C., An ecological survey in Northern Michigan. Univ. Mus. Rpt., Univ. Mich., (Publ. by State Board of Geol. Survey, Michigan Survey, 1905), Lansing, MI.
  • 1906. Notes on the plants of the Porcupine Mountains and Isle Royale, Michigan. Pp. 75- 92. In Adams, Charles C., An ecological survey in Northern Michigan. Univ. Mus. Rpt., Univ. Mich., (Publ. by State Board of Geol. Survey, Michigan Survey, 1905), Lansing, MI.
  • 1906. Annotated list of the molluscs of the Porcupine Mountains and Isle Royale, Michigan. (With B. Walker). Pp. 93-99. In Adams, Charles C., An ecological survey in Northern Michigan. Univ. Mus. Rpt., Univ. Mich., (Publ. by State Board of Geol. Survey, Michigan Survey, 1905), Lansing, MI.
  • 1906. Spiders and insects from the Porcupine Mountains and Isle Royale, Michigan. Pp. 100-106. In Adams, Charles C., An ecological survey in Northern Michigan. Univ. Mus. Rpt., Univ. Mich., (Publ. by State Board of Geol. Survey, Michigan Survey, 1905), Lansing, MI.
  • 1906. The cold-blooded vertebrates of the Porcupine Mountains and Isle Royale, Michigan. Pp. 107-112. In Adams, Charles C., An ecological survey in Northern Michigan. Univ. Mus. Rpt., Univ. Mich., (Publ. by State Board of Geol. Survey, Michigan Survey, 1905), Lansing, MI.
  • 1907. Another specimen of Cory's Bittern. Auk, 24:338.
  • 1907. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from southern New Mexico and Arizona. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 23(23):483-604.
  • 1907. A preliminary note on the variation of scutellation in the garter snakes. Amer. Nat., 41:400.
  • 1907. Two large frogs from South Kamerun, West Africa. Amer. Nat., 41:730.
  • 1908. Variations and genetic relationships of the garter snakes. U.S. Natl. Mus., Bull., (61):1-201.
  • 1908. Report of the Curator of the University Museum to the Board of Regents (From July 1, 1907, to July 1, 1908). Univ. Mich., Ann Arbor, 18 pp.
  • 1908. The cold-blooded vertebrates of Isle Royale. Ecology of Isle Royale, Mich. Survey, 1908, pp. 329-333.
  • 1908. The faunal affinities of the prairie region of Central North America. Amer. Nat., 42:388-393.
  • 1909. Notes on Michigan reptiles and amphibians. Mich. Acad. Sci., 11:116-117.
  • 1909. A contribution to the theory of orthogenesis. Amer. Nat., 43:401-409.
  • 1909. Report of the Curator of the University Museum to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1908, to June 30, 1909). Univ. Mich., Ann Arbor, MI, Univ. Bull., 11(3):1-24.
  • 1910. Report upon the progress of the biological work of the Michigan geological and biological survey. Mich. Acad. Sci., 12:54-58.
  • 1910. Notes on Michigan reptiles and amphibians, II. Mich. Acad. Sci., 12:59.
  • 1910. Organization of new museums of natural history. Proc. Amer. Assn. Mus., 4:124-126.
  • 1910. Contributions to the herpetology of Iowa. Iowa Acad. Sci., 17:198-209.
  • 1910. Report of the Curator of the University Museum to the Board of Regents (From July 1, 1909, to June 30, 1910). Univ. Mich., Ann Arbor, MI, Univ. Bull., 12(3):1-25.
  • 1911. A biological survey of the sand dune region on the South shore of Saginaw Bay, Michigan. Introduction, itinerary and acknowledgments. Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 4:13-15.
  • 1911. Description of the environmental conditions and discussion of the geographic relations of the biota. Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 4:17-34.
  • 1911. Amphibians and reptiles. Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 4:257-272.
  • 1911. Additional remarks on the biota and climate of the sand dune region. Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 4:315.
  • 1911. A simple type of museum jar for large alcoholic specimens. The Museums Journal, 10:200-201.
  • 1911. The Mershon expedition to the Charity Islands, Lake Huron. Science, 33:208-209.
  • 1911. Report of the Curator of the University Museum to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1910, to June 30, 1911). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 12:1-23.
  • 1911. Biology. Mich. Acad. Sci., 13:79-80.
  • 1911. Notes on Michigan reptiles and amphibians, III. Mich. Acad. Sci., 13:114-115.
  • 1911. Book Review. Reptiles of the world. By Raymond Ditmars. Science, 34:54-55.
  • 1912. Description of a new salamander from Iowa. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 41:517-519.
  • 1912. Report of the Head Curator of the Museum of Natural History to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1911, to June 30, 1912). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 14:1-24.
  • 1912. The white-tailed deer of Michigan. (With N.A. Wood). Science, 35:863-864.
  • 1912. Report of the Chief Naturalist. Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 14:42-45.
  • 1912. Directions for collecting and preserving specimens of reptiles and amphibians for museum purposes. Mich. Acad. Sci., 14:165-177.
  • 1912. On some amphibians and reptiles from the state of Vera Cruz, Mexico. Mich. Acad. Sci., 14:230-231.
  • 1912. The relation of the geological and biological survey to the conservation of the animals of the state. Pp. 113-114. In Joint conference of those interested in the conservation and development of the natural resources of Michigan, held under the auspices of the Public Domain Commission, Representative Hall, Capitol, Lansing, Michigan, Wednesday, June 12, 1912. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co., Lansing, Michigan. Reprinted 1913.
  • 1912. Notes on a collection of mammals from northwestern Iowa. (With N.A. Wood). Iowa Acad. Sci., 19:203-205.
  • 1912. Contributions to the herpetology of Iowa, II. Iowa Acad. Sci., 19:207.
  • 1912. Book Review. Distribution and origin of life in America. By Robert F. Scharff. Science, 36:187-189.
  • 1912. Description of a new Anolis from Brazil. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 25:163-164.
  • 1912. On the breeding habits of Butler's garter-snake. Biol. Bull., 24:18-20.
  • 1912. The amphibians and reptiles collected by the University of Michigan - Walker Expedition in Southern Vera Cruz, Mexico. Zool. Jahrb., 32:295-332.
  • 1912. The herpetology of Michigan. (With C. Thompson and H. Thompson). Mich. Geol. Biol. Survey, 10:1-166.
  • 1913. The dorsal scale rows of snakes. Science, 37:60.
  • 1913. Book Review. The snakes of South Africa: Their venom and the treatment of snake bite. By F.W. FitzSimons. Science, 37:182-183.
  • 1913. Description of a new Uta from Nevada. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 26:27-30.
  • 1913. Report upon the progress of the biological work of the Michigan Geological and Biological Survey during the year 1912-1913. Mich. Acad. Sci., 15:210-212.
  • 1913. A Nevada record for the Canada otter, Lutra canadensis (Schreber). (With F.M. Gaige). Science, 37:883.
  • 1913. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1912, to June 30, 1913). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 15:1-26.
  • 1913. Drepanodon eatoni Ruthven sp. nov. Pp. 506-507. In T. Barbour. Reptiles collected by the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1912. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philad., pp. 505-507.
  • 1913. The variations in the number of vertebrae and ventral scutes in two snakes of the genus Regina. (With C. Thompson). Amer. Nat., 47:625-632.
  • 1913. On Ameiva bifrontata Cope and Ameiva divisus (Fischer). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (2):1-3.
  • 1913. The local distribution of the reptile-amphibian fauna in southern Vera Cruz and its bearing on the origin of the savannahs. Ann. Assn. Amer. Geog., 2:41-48.
  • 1914. Description of a new species of Basiliscus from the region of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 27:9-12.
  • 1914. The Bryant Walker Expedition, of the University of Michigan, to the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia, in the summer of 1913. Science, 39:277-278.
  • 1914. Description of a new engystomatid frog of the genus Hypopachus. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 27:77-79.
  • 1914. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1913, to June 30, 1914). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 16:1-28.
  • 1915. The gestation period in Thamnophis butlerii (Cope). Copeia, (15):2 pp.
  • 1915. The reptiles and amphibians collected in northeastern Nevada by the Walker-Newcomb Expedition of the University of Michigan. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool, Univ. Mich., (8):1-33.
  • 1915. The breeding habits of Prostherapis subpunctatus Cope. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (10):1-5.
  • 1915. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1914, to June 30, 1915). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 17:1-27.
  • 1915. The breeding habits of Hylodes cruentus Peters. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (11):1-6.
  • 1915. On the occurrence of Clemmys insculpta (Leconte) in Michigan. (With C. Thompson). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (12):1-2.
  • 1915. Observations on the habits, eggs, and young of Hyla fuhrmanni Peracca. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (14):1-4.
  • 1915. Description of a new subspecies of Cnemidophorus lemniscatus Laurenti. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (16):1-4.
  • 1915. Description of a new genus and species of lizard of the family Gekkonidae. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (19):1-3.
  • 1915. Description of a new tailless amphibian of the family Dendrobatidae. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (20):1-3.
  • 1915. An interpretation of the distribution of the reptiles in Maggie Basin, Nevada. Bull. Am. Geog. Soc., 47:948-952.
  • 1916. Book Review. The alligator and its allies. By A.M. Reese. Science, 43:100-101.
  • 1916. Description of a new genus and species of lizard from British Guiana. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (22):1-4.
  • 1916. A new genus and species of lizard from Colombia, with remarks on the genus Pseudogonatodes. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (21):1-3.
  • 1916. The breeding season of Bufo marinus (L) in Demerara. Copeia, (31):43-44.
  • 1916. Description of a new species of Atelopus from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (28):1-3.
  • 1916. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1915, to June 30, 1916). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 18:1-28.
  • 1916. A new species of Paludicola from Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (30):1-3.
  • 1916. Three new species of Anolis from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (32):1-8.
  • 1916. A new genus and species of amphibian of the family Cystignathidae. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (33):1-4.
  • 1917. Description of a new species of Eleutherodactylus from Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (34):1-4.
  • 1917. Two new species of Eleutherodactylus from Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (39):1-8.
  • 1917. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1916, to June 30, 1917). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 19:1-40.
  • 1917. A new amphibian of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (43):1-3.
  • 1917. On the occurrence of Bufo fowleri in Michigan. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (47):1-5.
  • 1918. Two amphibians with Asiatic affinities from the State of Washington. Copeia, (53):10.
  • 1918. The Museum of Zoology. Michigan Alumnus, pp. 310-312.
  • 1918. Review of Stejneger and Barbour's "A check list of North American amphibians and reptiles." Science, 47:440-442.
  • 1918. Symposium on the trends in zoology. The trend of zoogeography. Mich. Acad. Sci., 20:115-118.
  • 1919. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1917, to June 30, 1918). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 20:1-38.
  • 1919. The Edward K. Warren Foundation and two wild life reservations in Michigan. Science, 49:17-18.
  • 1919. Contributions to the herpetology of Iowa, III. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (66):1-3.
  • 1919. The amphibians of the University of Michigan-Walker Expedition to British Guiana. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (69):1-14.
  • 1919. Charles Keene Dodge, 1844-1918. (With B. Walker and F.C. Newcombe). Mich. Acad. Sci., 20:13-14.
  • 1919. Laboratory directions in principles of animal biology. (With A.F. Shull, G.R. LaRue, P.O. Okkelberg, and others). McGraw-Hill, NY.
  • 1920. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1918, to June 30, 1919). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 21:1-32.
  • 1920. Large specimens of two Jamaican reptiles. Copeia, (80):21-22.
  • 1920. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1919, to June 30, 1920). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 22:1-40.
  • 1920. The reptile collection of the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles. Pp.28-32. In Ruthven, Alexander G., Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1919, to June 30, 1920). Vol 22. Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich.
  • 1920. The environmental factors in the distribution of animals. Geog. Rev., 10:241-248.
  • 1920. Principles of animal biology. (With A.F. Shull and G.R. LaRue). McGraw-Hill, NY.
  • 1921. Oligodon rouxi, a new name for Oligodon ornatus Roux. Copeia, (92):20.
  • 1921. Description of an apparently new lizard from Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (103):1-4.
  • 1922. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1920, to June 30, 1921). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 23:1-35.
  • 1922. On the occurrence of Drymarchon dichrous (Peters) in British Guiana. Copeia, (106):40.
  • 1922. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1921, to June 30, 1922). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 24:1-39.
  • 1922. A new species of Amphisbaena from British Guiana. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (122):1-2.
  • 1922. Book Review. Reptiles of the world. By Raymond Ditmars. Science, 56:79.
  • 1922. The amphibians and reptiles of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool., Misc. Publs., (8):1-69.
  • 1923. Description of a new species of Pipa from Venezuela. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (136):1-2.
  • 1923. An out-of-doors museum for the University of Michigan. Science, 57:710.
  • 1923. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1922, to June 30, 1923). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 25:1-42.
  • 1923. The reptiles of the Dutch Leeward Islands. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (143):1-10.
  • 1924. Book Review. A check list of North American amphibians and reptiles, 2nd ed. By Leonhard Stejneger and Thomas Barbour. Science, 59:339-340.
  • 1924. Description of an Ameiva from Testigos Island, Venezuela. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (149):1-3.
  • 1924. A new Leposoma from Panama. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (147):1-3.
  • 1924. Report to the Director of the Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1923, to June 30, 1924). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 26:1-40.
  • 1924. Description of a new lizard of the genus Alopoglossus. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (153):1-3.
  • 1924. The subspecies of Ameiva bifrontata. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (155):1-6.
  • 1924. Laboratory directions in principles of animal biology, 2nd ed. (With A.F. Shull and G.R. LaRue). McGraw-Hill, NY.
  • 1924. Principles of animal biology, 2nd ed. (With A.F. Shull and G.R. LaRue). McGraw-Hill, NY.
  • 1925. Book Review. A key to the snakes of the United States, Canada, and Lower California. By Frank N. Blanchard. Copeia, (143):46-47.
  • 1925. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1924, to June 30, 1925). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 27:1-46.
  • 1925. Lizards of the genus Bachia. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 38:101-109.
  • 1926. Michigan's conservation fallacy. Ann. Rpt. Mich. Acad. Sci., Arts, and Letters, (27th- 28th):63-67.
  • 1926. To the Editor. (Historical Notes). Mich. Hist. Mag., 10:456-458.
  • 1926. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1925, to June 30, 1926). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 28:1-51.
  • 1926. A new species of Anadia from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (177):1-3.
  • 1926. The status of Phyllodactylus spatulatus Cope. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (178):1-2.
  • 1926. Notes on Utah reptiles. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (179):1-4.
  • 1927. A large Blanding's Turtle from Michigan. Copeia, (164):86-87.
  • 1927. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1926, to June 30, 1927). Univ. Bull., Univ. Mich., 29:1-46.
  • 1927. Description of an apparently new species of Apostolepis from Bolivia. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (188):1-2.
  • 1928. Notes on the genus Lepidoblepharis (Peracca), with description of a new subspecies. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (191):1-3.
  • 1928. Preface. P. 3 In The University Museums Building of the Univeristy of Michigan.
  • 1928. Description of the building. Pp. 4-25. In The University Museums Building of the University of Michigan.
  • 1928. Address. Pp. 26-27. In The University Museums Building of the University of Michigan.
  • 1928. Report of the Director of The Museum of Zoology to the Board of Regents (July 1, 1927 to June 30, 1928). Univ. Mich. Official Publication, Ann Arbor, 30:1-44.
  • 1928. The herpetology of Michigan. (With C. Thompson and H.T. Gaige). Univ. Mus., Univ. Mich., Mich. Handbook Series, No. 3.
  • 1929. Description of a new species of Kentropyx from Brazil. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (206):1-3.
  • 1929. Laboratory directions in principles of animal biology, 3rd. ed. (With A.F. Shull and G.R. LaRue). McGraw-Hill, NY.
  • 1929. Class G. Reptilia (The reptiles). Pp. 227-255. In D.S. Jordan, Manual of the vertebrate animals of the northeastern United States inclusive of marine species. 13th ed. World Book Co., NY.
  • 1931. A naturalist in a university museum. Private printing. Ann Arbor. 143 pp.
  • 1931. Book Review. Snakes of the world. By Raymond L. Ditmars. Copeia, (4):165.
  • 1932. David Starr Jordan. The Biologist, 13:34-36.
  • 1932. Notes on the amphibians and reptiles of Utah. Occ. Paps Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (243):1-4.
  • 1932. Notes on the period of post-depositional development in several common lizards. (With L.C. Stuart). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (241):1-3.
  • 1933. Description of a new Anolis from Yucatan. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (257):1-2.
  • 1933. A new skink from Mexico. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (260):1-3.
  • 1933. Thamnophis sauritus proximus (Say) in Central America. Copeia, (2):96.
  • 1933. Book Review. A check list of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. By Leonhard Stejneger and Thomas Barbour. Copeia, (2):105-106.
  • 1934. Book Review. Handbook of frogs and toads: The frogs and toads of the United States and Canada. By Anna Allen Wright and Albert Hazen Wright. Copeia, (1):53.
  • 1935. Observations on Typhlops from Puerto Rico and some of the adjacent islands. (With H.T. Gaige). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (307):1-12.
  • 1936. Leptodeira bakeri, new species. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool., Univ. Mich., (330):1-2.
  • 1936. Helen Thompson Gaige. Herpetologica, 1:1-3.
  • 1939. A naturalist in our times. (Commencement address, June 17, 1939). Mich. Alumnus Quart. Rev., 45:2 pp.
  • 1942. Obituary of Raymond L. Ditmars. Copeia, (2):131.
  • 1946. Washtenaw's contribution to biology. Records Mtg. Washtenaw Hist. Soc., Ann Arbor, 4:1-3.
  • 1963. Naturalist in two worlds. The Univ. Mich. Press, Ann Arbor, 162 pp.