Neuregulin/ErbB regulate neuromuscular junction development by phosphorylation of α-dystrobrevin
Author(s): Nadine Schmidt, Mohammed Akaaboune, Nadesan Gajendran, Isabel Martinez-Pena y Valenzuela, Sarah Wakefield, Raphael Thurnheer, Hans Rudolf Brenner
Neuregulin (NRG)/ErbB signaling is involved in numerous developmental processes in the nervous system, including synapse formation and function in the central nervous system. Although intensively investigated, its role at the neuromuscular synapse has remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that loss of neuromuscular NRG/ErbB signaling destabilized anchoring of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the postsynaptic muscle membrane and that this effect was caused by dephosphorylation of α-dystrobrevin1, a component of the postsynaptic scaffold. Specifically, in mice in which NRG signaling to muscle was genetically or pharmacologically abolished, postsynaptic AChRs moved rapidly from the synaptic to the perisynaptic membrane, and the subsynaptic scaffold that anchors the AChRs was impaired. These defects combined compromised synaptic transmission. We further show that blockade of NRG/ErbB signaling abolished tyrosine phosphorylation of α-dystrobrevin1, which reduced the stability of receptors in agrin-induced AChR clusters in cultured myotubes. Our data indicate that NRG/ErbB signaling maintains high efficacy of synaptic transmission by stabilizing the postsynaptic apparatus via phosphorylation of α-dystrobrevin1.
This publication was featured in the Journal of Biology's "In Focus" section.
Name of Periodical: J. Cell Biol.
Volume Number: 195
Issue Number: 7
Year of Publication: 2011