"Neighborhood and Housing Disorder, Parenting, and Youth Adjustment in Low-Income Urban Families" - "Media Use and Men’s Risk Behavior: Examining the Role of Masculinity Ideology"
Roseanne Jocson Abstract: Using two waves of data, this study examined relations among neighborhood and housing disorder, parents’ psychological distress, parenting behaviors, and subsequent youth adjustment in a low-income, multiethnic sample of families with children aged 6–16. Results supported the hypothesized indirect relation between disorder and youth outcomes via parenting processes. Higher levels of neighborhood and housing disorder were associated with higher levels of parents’ psychological distress, which was in turn related to more frequent use of harsh and inconsistent discipline strategies and lower parental warmth. More frequent use of harsh and inconsistent discipline was associated with higher levels of youth internalizing and externalizing behaviors 3 years later. Housing disorder contributed more strongly to parents’ psychological distress than neighborhood disorder, whereas neighborhood disorder contributed more strongly to youth externalizing behaviors compared to housing disorder. Multiple-group analyses showed that the patterns of relations were similar for younger and older children, and for girls and boys.
Rosanne received her BS in Psychology from the University of the Philippines and her MA in Developmental Psychology from Ateneo de Manila University. She is currently a PhD candidate in Developmental Psychology at the University of Michigan working with Rosie Ceballo and Vonnie McLoyd. She is broadly interested in the effects of poverty on family processes and child development. In particular, her research examines how poor neighborhood conditions and community violence exposure influence parenting practices and youth adjustment, and the community and cultural factors that promote resilience in these contexts.
Soraya Giaccardi Abstract:
Although research indicates significant associations between media exposure and risk behavior, less is known about the potential mediating role of masculinity ideology, which is also linked to risk behavior. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between media use, masculinity ideology, and participation in high-risk behaviors. Participants were 449 undergraduate men who completed measures of regular media use, masculinity ideology, and frequency of participation in several domains of risky behavior. This study was the first to test the relation between these constructs simultaneously within one model. Results indicated that media use was significantly associated with stronger endorsement of masculinity ideology. Masculinity ideology, in turn, was associated with participation in risky drinking, drug use, driving, and sexual behaviors.
Bio: Soraya received her Bachelor's in psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. She is currently a doctoral candidate in developmental psychology and works primarily with Monique Ward. Soraya is interested in media contributions to gender and sexual attitudes. Today she'll be presenting her 619, which looked at the role of media and masculinity in undergraduate men's risk taking behavior.