45. Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Northwestern Valley of Mexico: The Zumpango Region

Author(s): Jeffrey R. Parsons


This monograph presents data from a systematic regional archaeological survey carried out over an area of ca. 600 square kilometers during May through December 1973 by the University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology. Six principal occupational cycles are identified: 

  1. a very sparsely settled Formative era (ca. 500 BC-100 AD), 
  2. substantial growth during the subsequent Classic period (ca. 100-600 AD), 
  3. settlement contraction dominated by a single major hilltop center during the Epiclassic (ca. 600-900 AD), 
  4. explosive growth during the Early Postclassic (ca. 900-1100 AD), 
  5. near depopulation during the Middle Postclassic (ca. 1100-1300 AD), and 
  6. extensive reoccupation during the Late Postclassic into early Colonial times (ca. 1300-1600 AD).

Numerous photographs illustrate details of a landscape that has been radically altered by urban sprawl and commercial agriculture since the time of the fieldwork. Color plates illustrate pottery.

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See related book:
Technical Report 14. Archaeological Settlement Pattern Data from the Chalco, Xochimilco, Ixtapalapa, Texcoco and Zumpango Regions, Mexico, by Jeffrey R. Parsons, Keith W. Kintigh, and Susan A. Gregg.

Publication Information:

Publisher: Museum of Anthropology

Month of Publication: January

Year of Publication: 2008

Location: Ann Arbor, MI

# of Pages: 456

Additional Information:

Price: $44

ISBN: 978-0-915703-70-8

Monograph Series / Number: Memoirs, 45

Tables / Illustrations: 45 tables, 373 illustr. including 56 color plates

Notes, Comments, Reviews:

What the Parsons survey . . . observe[d] and record[ed] is an indispensable basis for any further work in or near the Zumpango region. . . . Included are numerous photos of sites . . . and abundant drawings of sherds and profiles. Fifty-six marvelous color plates of sherds are a high point of the book. They are good enough to show textures and are far more useful for comparative purposes than are most illustrations of ceramics. J. of Anthropological Research,  2010