c9c2e17396fb8310VgnVCM100000c2b1d38dRCRDapproved/UMICH/polisci/Home/People/PublicationsThe Robust Federationb072e17396fb8310VgnVCM100000c2b1d38d____The Robust FederationPrinciples of DesignBednar, Jennajbednar<p><span style=" -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; float: none; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-weight: normal; widows: 2; text-indent: 0px; font-variant: normal; orphans: 2; line-height: 14px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); text-transform: none; text-align: -webkit-auto; background-color: rgb(252, 240, 239); -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; font-size: medium; display: inline !important; white-space: normal;"><i>The Robust Federation</i><span style=" -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; float: none; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-weight: normal; widows: 2; text-indent: 0px; font-variant: normal; orphans: 2; line-height: 14px; letter-spacing: normal; font-style: normal; word-spacing: 0px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); text-transform: none; text-align: -webkit-auto; background-color: rgb(252, 240, 239); -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; font-size: medium; display: inline !important; white-space: normal;"> demonstrates how complementary institutions maintain and adjust the distribution of authority between national and state governments. These authority boundaries matter – for defense, economic growth, and adequate political representation – and must be defended from opportunistic transgression. &nbsp;While the legacy of early institutional analysis focuses on the value of competition between institutions, such as the policy moderation produced through separated powers, Bednar offers a reciprocal theory: in an effective constitutional system, institutions complement one another; each makes the others more powerful. Diverse but complementary safeguards cover different transgressions, punish to different extents, and fail under different circumstances.&nbsp;</span></span></p>Cambridge University PressLink to book informationhttp://www.cambridge.org/us/knowledge/isbn/item1164431/?site_locale=en_US2009280e2318780d8310VgnVCM100000c2b1d38d____blhoanblhoan1343535281063