All students admitted to the College for the Fall Term of 1994 and thereafter must meet the Quantitative Reasoning (QR) requirement. The goal of this requirement is to ensure that every graduate of the College achieves a certain level of proficiency in using and analyzing quantitative information. Students may fulfill this requirement either by: QR courses may come from a wide range of disciplines representing the natural and social sciences, as well as some areas of the humanities.

Quantitative reasoning is first and foremost reasoning. It is not mathematical manipulation or computation, but rather the methodology used to analyze quantitative information to make decisions, judgments, and predictions. It involves defining a problem by means of numerical or geometrical representations of real-world phenomena, determining how to solve it, deducing consequences, formulating alternatives, and predicting outcomes.

Advanced Placement (AP) courses may not be used to fulfill the Quantitative Reasoning requirement. Courses transferred from another college or university do not generally carry QR credit, except in the following circumstances: (1) QR is considered fulfilled for all science, math, and computer science concentrators who transfer in the prerequisites; (2) Transfer credit for Physics 125, 126, 140, 240 and any statistics course receive (QR/1) credit. Courses used to satisfy the QR requirement may also serve to satisfy other College requirements; e.g., students who are working towards an A.B. or B.S. degree may elect a QR course that also counts toward meeting the Area Distribution, Concentration, or other College requirement.

Winter Term, 1998 Quantitative Reasoning Courses

This list is subject to change by the College of LS&A Curriculum Committee.


101. Introductory Astronomy: The Solar System. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

102. Introductory Astronomy: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

111. Introductory Astronomy: The Solar System. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

112. Introductory Astronomy: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

135/AOSS 135. Exploration of the Solar System. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

160. Introduction to Astrophysics. (4). (NS). (QR/2).


483. Limnology: Freshwater Ecology. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

484. Limnology Laboratory. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).


130. General Chemistry: Macroscopic Investigations and Reaction Principles. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

Communication Studies

211. Evaluating Information. (4). (SS). (QR/1).

311. Mass Communication Research. (3). (SS). (QR/1).


101. Principles of Economics I. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

102. Principles of Economics II. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

401. Intermediate Microeconomic Theory. (4). (SS). (QR/1).

402. Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory. (3). (SS). (QR/1).

404. Statistics for Economists. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

405/Stat. 405. Introduction to Statistics. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

Geological Sciences

222. Introductory Oceanography. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory. (1). (NS). (QR/2).

College Honors

252. Sophomore Seminar. (3). (NS).
Section 001 - Numbers and Reasons. (QR/1).


105. Data, Functions, and Graphs. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

115. Calculus I. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

116. Calculus II. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

127. Geometry and the Imagination. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

186. Honors Analytic Geometry and Calculus II. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

215. Calculus III. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

217. Linear Algebra. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

296. Honors Mathematics II. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

403. Mathematical Modeling Using Computer Algebra Systems. (3). (MSA). (QR/1).


296. Honors Introduction to Logic. (3). (MSA). (QR/1).


125. General Physics: Mechanics, Sound, and Heat. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

126. General Physics: Electricity and Light. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

140. General Physics I. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

160. Honors Physics I. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

240. General Physics II. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

260. Honors Physics II. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

288. Physics of Music. (3). (NS). (QR/1).

290. Physics of the Body and Mind. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

401. Intermediate Mechanics. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

489. Physics of Music. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

Residential College

Interdivisional 222. Quantitatively Speaking. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

Social Science 295. Quantitative Approaches to Social Science Questions. (4). (MSA).
Section 001. (QR/2).


231. Investigating Social and Demographic Change in America. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

210. Elementary Statistics. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

310. Introduction to Research Methods. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).


100. Introduction to Statistical Reasoning. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

170. The Art of Scientific Investigation. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).

402. Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

405/Econ. 405. Introduction to Statistics. (4). (MSA). (QR/1).