All students admitted to the College for the Fall Term of 1994 and thereafter must meet the Quantitative Reasoning (QR) requirement. The goal of this requirement is to ensure that every graduate of the College achieves a certain level of proficiency in using and analyzing quantitative information. Students may fulfill this requirement either by:
QR courses may come from a wide range of disciplines representing the natural and social sciences, as well as some areas of the humanities.

Quantitative reasoning is first and foremost reasoning. It is not mathematical manipulation or computation, but rather the methodology used to analyze quantitative information to make decisions, judgments, and predictions. It involves defining a problem by means of numerical or geometrical representations of real-world phenomena, determining how to solve it, deducing consequences, formulating alternatives, and predicting outcomes.

Advanced Placement (AP) courses may not be used to fulfill the Quantitative Reasoning requirement. Courses transferred from another college or university do not generally carry QR credit, but a student may petition to satisfy all or part of the QR requirement with such courses. Courses used to satisfy the QR requirement may also serve to satisfy other College requirements; e.g., students who are working towards an A.B. or B.S. degree may elect a QR course that also counts toward meeting the Area Distribution, Concentration, or other College requirement.

Winter Term, 1997 Quantitative Reasoning Courses

This list is subject to change by the College of LS&A Curriculum Committee.

Updated versions are posted at: or

on the bulletin boards outside 1419 Mason Hall. Check these location to learn about additions or deletions or call POINT-10 (764-6810).


101. Introductory Astronomy: The Solar System. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

102. Introductory Astronomy: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

111. Introductory Astronomy: The Solar System. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

112. Introductory Astronomy: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

160. Introduction to Astrophysics. (4). (NS). (QR/2).


483. Limnology: Freshwater Ecology. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

484. Limnology Laboratory. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).


130. General Chemistry: Macroscopic Investigations and Reaction Principles. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

Communication Studies

211. Evaluating Information. (4). (SS). (QR/1).


101. Principles of Economics I. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

102. Principles of Economics II. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

401. Intermediate Microeconomic Theory. (4). (SS). (QR/1).

402. Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory. (3). (SS). (QR/1).

404. Statistics for Economists. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

405/Stat. 405. Introduction to Statistics. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

College Honors

252. Sophomore Seminar. (3). (NS). (QR/1)
Section 001 - Numbers and Reasons.

Geological Sciences

130. The Physical World. (4). (NS). (QR/2).

222. Introductory Oceanography. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory. (1). (NS). (QR/2).


105. Data, Functions, and Graphs. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

115. Calculus I. (4). (N.Excl). (QR/1).

116. Calculus II. (4). (N.Excl). (QR/1).

127. Geometry and the Imagination. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

186. Honors Analytic Geometry and Calculus II. (4). (N.Excl). (QR/1).

215. Calculus III. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

217. Linear Algebra. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

296. Honors Mathematics II. (4). (N.Excl). (QR/1).

403. Mathematical Modeling Using Computer Algebra Systems. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).


414. Mathematical Logic. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).


125. General Physics: Mechanics, Sound, and Heat. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

126. General Physics: Electricity and Light. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

140. General Physics I. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

160. Honors Physics I. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

201. Physics, Truth and Consequences. (3). (NS). (QR/2).

240. General Physics II. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

260. Honors Physics II. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

288. Physics of Music. (3). (NS). (QR/1).

401. Intermediate Mechanics. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

489. Physics of Music. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).

Residential College

Interdivisional 222. Quantitatively Speaking. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

Social Science 295. Quantitative Approaches to Social Science Questions. (4). (Excl).
Section 001. (QR/2).
(retroactively added 10/16/97)


210. Elementary Statistics. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

231. Investigating Social and Demographic Change in America. (4). (SS). (QR/2).

331. Population Trends in the United States: Their Economic and Social Consequences. (3). (Excl). (QR/1).


100. Introduction to Statistical Reasoning. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

170. The Art of Scientific Investigation. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

402. Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis. (4). (NS). (QR/1).

405/Econ. 405. Introduction to Statistics. (4). (Excl). (QR/1).

*RC SS 295 was added retroactively on October 16, 1997.