Far Eastern Languages and Literatures

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

320(Chinese 320/Japanese 320)/Asian Studies 320/Phil. 335/Rel. 320. Introduction to Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 220 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to introduce the student to the basic doctrinal conceptions of Buddhism in their historical evolution in the Indian Subcontinent. The history of Buddhist ideas will be presented primarily through the critical analysis of Buddhist scriptural passages (in English translation). The main topics to be discussed are: the life of the Buddha, the Early Community, the development of scholastic and sectarian movements, Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism in India. No previous knowledge of the subject is required, although Religion 202 (Chinese/Japanese 220) is recommended as background for this course. "Introduction to Buddhism" is a prerequisite for more advanced courses in Buddhism.

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101, 102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent is prerequisite to 102. (5 each). (FL).

Only Chinese 101 is taught Fall Term, 1983. This is the first half of an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading, and writing standard Mandarin Chinese. The course begins with intensive pronunciation drill accompanied by presentation of the pinyin romanization system. From the second week of the term, classroom lessons are aimed toward achieving a mastery of basic patterns of the spoken language and developing a gradual accumulation of basic vocabulary. Chinese characters are introduced in the seventh week of the term with increasing amounts of time outside the classroom devoted to preparation of readings. The texts for the course are DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese and DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese Reader. The entire class meets two hours each week for lecture, discussion, and a limited amount of drill; the class is then divided into smaller drill sections each of which meets three hours a week. Students are expected to make full use of the large quantity of material on tape in the Language Laboratory (2003 Modern Language Building). (Tao)

201, 202. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent is prerequisite to 201; Chinese 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (5 each). (FL).

Only Chinese 201 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' Beginning Chinese or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 800 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill and recitation, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, periodic quizzes and tests, homework assignments, and a final exam. The texts, both by DeFrancis, are Intermediate Chinese Reader, Parts I and II, and Intermediate Chinese. (Ma)

405, 406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (5 each). (Excl).

Only Chinese 405 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Chinese 405 (Fall Term) and 406 (Winter Term) constitute a two-term sequence of readings in modern Chinese. The principal objective of the course is to develop the ability to read a variety of modern Chinese writings fiction, essays, documentary and journalistic materials. Emphasis is on rapid expansion of vocabulary and thorough understanding of grammatical patterns. Class is conducted largely in Chinese, though oral translation into English is an important component of student recitation. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, Advanced Spoken Chinese ). Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them made available in course pack or ditto form. Students should purchase Read Chinese III and should own at least two dictionaries: Xinhua Zidian and Liang, A New Practical Chinese-English Dictionary.

451, 452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4 each). (HU).

Only Chinese 451 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

This is a course for specialists, requiring knowledge of modern Chinese at least through the Second Year level. Using Shadick's A First Course in Literary Chinese as a text, supplemented with locally prepared handouts, we treat selectively the styles of Chinese (poetry as well as prose) that were written in traditional times, from the Chou classical age into the Ch'ing dynasty. Classes are in small recitation groups, requiring steady application measured in weekly tests and regular hand-in exercises, and a two-hour final exam. Emphasis is always given understanding, and rendering clearly into English. The course is the first half of a two-term sequence that is prerequisite to more advanced progress in learning Chinese. (Crump)

461, 462. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 406 or equivalent is prerequisite to 461; Chinese 461 or equivalent is prerequisite to 462. (5 each). (HU).

Graded readings at the fourth-year level of a variety of materials to improve command of structure and vocabulary in a range of standard colloquial styles. (Mills)

468/Phil. 468. Classical Chinese Thought (To A.D. 220) Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

See Philosophy 468. (Munro)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

A general survey of the highlights of early Chinese literature in English translation from the earliest times to the 13th century. We will begin with a brief look at China's unique world view (as presented in the ancient I Ching or The Book of Changes), which contrasts sharply with virtually all other world conceptions, and then extends to the various forms of poetry, fiction, and philosophical and historical prose. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with those masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the centuries. Classes consist of a series of "mini-lectures" introducing the background and contexts, and of in-depth discussions of particular works. There will be two brief papers and a final exam. Sample readings include Cyril Birch, ed., Anthology of Chinese Literature, Vol. I; D.C. Lau, tr., Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching; Lin Yutang, ed., The Wisdom of China and India; A.C. Graham, tr., Poems of the Late T'ang; Burton Watson, tr., The Basic Writings of Chuang Tzu; Burton Watson, Chinese Lyricism; and other materials in a Course Pack. (Lin)

473. Twentieth-Century Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

An introductory course in Modern Chinese literature in translation designed for the non-specialist who has no knowledge of the Chinese language. It covers the period from 1900 to the present and concentrates primarily on fiction because more fiction has been translated. Some poetry and plays are also read. Students are expected to read the equivalent of about two easy novels a week; background material is handled in lecture form by the instructor. The emphasis is on literature as a reflection of the Chinese in Chinese society in the 20th century. Class discussion is encouraged. There are either two oral reports a term or a term paper. Readings include novels like The Family by Pa Chin, the story of a split between the generations in a Szechwan family; Midnight by Mao Tun, a story of financial manipulation and intrigue in the Shanghai stockmarket of the 1930's; Schoolmaster Ni by Yen Sheng-t'ao, a story of the development of a young intellectual from an idealistic schoolmaster into a revolutionary; and The Sun Shines on the Sang Kang River by Ting Ling, the story of land reform in the Chinese countryside in the late 1940's. Plays on tensions in Chinese society by Tsao Yu and many collections of short stories are covered. (Mills)

495. Introduction to Chinese Linguistics. Chinese 101. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the analysis and description of the sounds and grammatical structures of Mandarin and to the study of Chinese language.

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101, 102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent is prerequisite to 102. (5 each). (FL).

Only Japanese 101 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

The course aims at the acquisition of four basic language skills reading, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension in Japanese. The emphasis is on thorough mastery of the fundamental structure of Japanese through aural-oral exercises and practice to the extent that fluency in both spoken and written Japanese is achieved. In Term I (Fall) the basic rules of the Japanese writing system are presented. Hiragana is used from the very beginning and later Katakana and 70 Kanji are introduced. In Term II (Winter) an additional 130 Kanji are introduced. It is highly recommended that students make use of the taped exercises daily in the Language Laboratory or at home with the aid of the textbook. Student's grade will be based on: 1) attendance; 2) performance in the classroom and on homework; and 3) results of quizzes, tests, and a final examination. (Endo)

201, 202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent is prerequisite to 201; Japanese 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (5 each). (FL).

Only Japanese 201 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Designed for students who have finished an introductory text, the course will help students acquire more proficiency in modern Japanese. Although increasing emphasis will be given to reading and writing, listening and speaking will constitute an integral part of the course, and the course will be conducted primarily in Japanese. Approximately 500 (cumulative) kanji will be introduced in Japanese 201 and 800 (cumulative) in Japanese 202. The dialog section of each lesson will help students learn important styles of spoken Japanese in various social and cultural contexts. Evaluation will be based on quizzes, tests, exams and daily performance as well. (Kato)

405, 406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 202 or equivalent is prerequisite to 405; Japanese 405 or equivalent is prerequisite to 406. (5 each). (Excl).

Only Japanese 405 is offered Fall Term, 1981. This course aims at further development of overall language proficiency through reading of modern texts in various fields, discussion and composition. Classes will be mostly conducted in Japanese, and drills and homework assignments will be aimed at improving the students' command of grammar and more advanced vocabulary as well as developing translation techniques. Evaluations will be made based on homework, quizzes, and examinations. (Nagara)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This is a course designed to give the students who have completed three years of the Japanese language studies the opportunity to read the Japanese writing in various disciplines of social science. In the sense that Japanese 405-406 or Japanese 411 are prerequisite to this course, it is a part of the departmental sequence. The grades for the course are determined by means of two examinations and a paper which is usually the refined translation of a part of the students' readings for the term. The reading texts are chosen according to the students' needs and specialization. It is a reading course. (Nagara)

490. Introduction to Japanese Linguistics. Japanese 102 or 361; or permission of the instructor. (3). (HU).

This is a course designed to give introduction to the linguistic study of the Japanese language to two types of students, namely, those students who have studied the Japanese language for more than two years without receiving any systematic introduction to linguistic analysis and those who have received the systematic introduction to linguistics without receiving any systematic introduction to the Japanese language. At least two years of Japanese language study prerequisite. The grades are determined by means of two examinations and a term paper. The content of the course covers the historical development of the Japanese language studies, the outline of the history of the Japanese language, and phonological and syntactic characteristics of the Japanese language. Texts: Roy A. Miller, The Japanese Language (Chicago, U of Chicago Press, 1966) and Susumu Kuno, The Structure of the Japanese Language, (Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1972). This is the first of the five courses in Japanese linguistics. (Nagara)

541, 542. Classical Japanese. Japanese 406 and 408, or permission of instructor, must precede 541; Japanese 541 or permission of instructor is necessary for 542. (4 each). (HU).

An introduction to the classical written language with emphasis on its structural characteristics; reading and close analysis of selected texts from the 10th through the 19th century. (Brower)

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