Courses in Political Science
(Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).
Section 001 Political Theories of the Family and the State.
This course addresses the role that concepts of the family play in ancient, medieval, modern and contemporary political thought. The lectures and readings will attend to the ways that theorists views about families are deeply connected with their understandings about the kinds of rules that should prevail in political society, regarding its formation as well as its rules for participation. We will learn how concepts such as justice, citizenship, freedom, and nationality, for instance, develop in relation to understandings of the family. (Stevens)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Walton)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course examines how democracy evolves and functions in different settings. We start with the emergence of democracy in Western Europe, examining the factors that give rise to it and help it survive. We then examine the origins of fascism in Germany and Japan; and the rise of communism in Russia and China, attempting to understand why these alternatives to democracy flourished in those settings and why they later collapsed. This leads to an analysis of the current struggle between reformers and hardliners over the move to market economies and liberal democracy in Russia, China, and Eastern Europe. Finally, we examine the probable evolution of democracy in advanced industrial societies. In addition to two lectures, there are two meetings a week in relatively small discussion sections, designed to encourage active discussion of these topics. Cost:3 (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes world politics from a broad and general perspective, explaining and exploring the principles that undergird the operation of the global political system and illustrating those principles with contemporary material. The course begins by examining the basic structural features of the global political system. It considers the development of states, nationalism and nation-states and then assesses the importance in the contemporary era of other actors, such as international governmental, international non-governmental, and transnational organizations. Several factors shaping the foreign policy behavior of states are considered next. Attention is then shifted to the techniques of foreign policy behavior diplomacy and negotiations, economic aid and sanctions, and the use or threat of use of military force. Finally, overall patterns of conflict and cooperation are studied. (Jacobson)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. Since the Persian/Arab Gulf War began in August, 1990, it will be discussed as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam but no final. There is a computer-assisted simulation to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)

390. Practicum for the Michigan Journal of Political Science. (1). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for credit with permission of the chair.

This course allows students to gain experience working on the journal under the direction of the chair or other appropriate faculty member. This experience involves editing the Michigan Journal of Political Science. In addition to taking part in working on the year's issue, students wishing credit for working on the journal would do readings and write book reviews and research notes.

396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS). Laboratory fee ($10) required.

See REES 396. (Verdery)

401. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The principal theorists who have influenced political thought and development in the period from the seventeenth century to the present. (Mihic)

409. Twentieth Century Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (3). (Excl).

The course discusses contemporary political theory starting from late 19th-century thinkers. It considers contributions to political thinking from various disciplines outside of political theory. (Mihic)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The course is concerned with civil liberties in the American constitutional system. It will focus on decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, but will also draw on literature from other sources. The primary substantive aim of the course is to help students develop a theoretically informed understanding of civil liberties and of the institutional devices for enforcing them. Additional aims include helping students to read and criticize political texts, to assess constitutional arguments, and to think and write more rigorously. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Written work will consist of the following: two papers (10% of grade for each paper); participation in a moot court, for which each student will prepare and submit either a brief of counsel or a judicial opinion (40%); and a final examination (40%). Prerequisite: A basic understanding of American institutional politics and American history. Some exposure to political theory is helpful, but not required. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brandon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to study general legislative processes by concentrating on the United States Congress. The perspective we shall use sees members as purposive and strategic agents, having goals and using the best means to achieve those goals. A prime concern of the class is determining why Congress looks and acts the way it does. The method of presentation is lecture. No special background is needed, although some mathematics is involved. Students will be evaluated on the basis of examinations and an optional final paper. (Dion)

418/WS 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines women's relationship to the American political system. We will explore the development of that relationship through the social movements of the 19th and 20th Centuries. When we reach the modern era, we will focus upon women in elite politics, women's political participation, and women's political opinions. We will conclude with an exploration of women's relationship to public policy. Cost:2 WL:1 (Burns)

420/Comm. 484. Mass Media and Political Behavior. Comm. Studies 361 or 381 strongly recommended. (4). (Excl).

See Communication Studies 484. (Thrall)

434. Government and Public Policy. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course asks, what is the relationship between government and the public policies that guide, support and constrain our daily lives? Four themes guide efforts to answer the question. (1) How have changes in American government and changes in its relationship to society impacted public policy? The first third of the course will analyze these changes from the past to the present, giving special attention to the effort to "reinvent" government. (2) What theories help to explain the way government makes public policy? The second third of the course will probe various theoretical explanations for government's role in policy making. (3) Do public policies have consequences for government and politics more generally. (4) How does government go about legitimizing public policy choices? The final third of the course will address both questions. There will be two in-class essay exams following the first two sections of the course, and a final exam with heavy emphasis upon the final third of the course. This is a good course for students interested in the making of public policy, efforts to reform the process, and the implications of various reforms. (Khademian)

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course examines theory and research on democracies. The focus is on political parties, elections, patterns of participation, public policy, and political economy. Emphasis is placed on elite and mass behavior in the transition from industrial to post-industrial society. The course will be taught by a visiting professor, Hans-Dieter Klingeman. (Klingeman)

443. Selected Topics in Western European Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Political Culture and National Identity in Germany.
For Winter Term, 1997, this course is offered jointly with German 449.001. (Thaa)

444. Government and Politics of Russia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course compares and contrasts the political behaviour and institutions of the Soviet Union with those of post-Soviet Russia. The main focus will be on the changes and transitions that are occurring in the Former Soviet Union today. Beginning with the essential events of Soviet history, the Gorbachev era, and the rise of Yeltsin, the course will then move on to current political, economic, and social developments in Russia. This is a lecture course with supplemental AV presentations. Grades will be based on midterm and final exams, attendance, participation, and a research project. (Schecter)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (3). (Excl).

This course examines political change in Latin America. The course will be taught by Renato Boschi, a visiting faculty member from Brazil. (Boschi)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

452. Israeli Society and Politics. (3). (Excl).

This course employs both a historical and comparative politics approach in order to introduce students to the salient political and social issues with which the modern State of Israel must cope. The first part of the course covers the development of the Yishuv (Jewish settlement) in Palestine: the evolution of democratic institutions, nation and state-building, and cultural integration. The second and main part of this course deals with topics such as Israel's political institutions and political "culture," ethnic cleavage in Israeli society, the Arab minority, religion and politics, and the current debate over the future of the peace process. No prior familiarity with Israeli politics is necessary. However, students will be expected to read extensively. Requirements: In-class midterm examination or research paper and a final in-class examination. Cost:2 WL:3 (Levey)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Pol. Sci. or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the political, economic and social factors which have shaped the contemporary Middle East. Our approach is based upon historical analysis and the tools of modern comparative political studies. Themes covered in this course include colonialism, modernization, ethnic politics, nationalism and religion. Constraints of time and scope dictate that this course focus primarily upon the Arab world. Important Middle Eastern countries such as Turkey, Iran and Israel are dealt with only in a peripheral manner, as is the subregion of North Africa. Requirements: Term paper (30% of final grade), midterm examination (25%) and final examination (45%). Both examinations are in-class. (Levey)

454. Governments and Politics of Southeast Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to the international and domestic politics of Southeast Asia. Topics will include state formation, economic growth, security, and relations with the U.S. Grading will be based on short papers, a final exam, and in-class discussions. Cost:2 WL:1 (Ross)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This is a course in world politics. Exact topics will be announced later. (Hopf)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course compares political and economic ways to understand international economic relations, as well as the connections between international and domestic politics. Substantive topics include a brief overview of the history of the international political economy in the 19th and 20th centuries, institutions in the contemporary world, including the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Economic Community, development strategies, multinational corporations, foreign aid, and the debt crisis. We conclude with an overview of some contemporary issues, such as the new protectionism and the North American Free Trade Area. Cost:3 WL:4 (Pahre)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

This course will examine a number of theoretical and empirical issues related to the national security policies of states. The topics to be covered in the class will include: deterrence theory, nuclear proliferation, arms control, international peacekeeping operations, strategies of crisis bargaining and diplomacy, and the impact of public opinion on security policy. These topics will be examined in the context of both US security policy towards Europe as well as the Third World. Classes will be conducted largely as lectures but discussion will be welcomed. Students will be graded on the basis of three exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

479/CAAS 479. Political Development and Economy of Africa. (3). (SS).

Introduces elements of economic and political analysis needed to understand development issues in Africa. The first part discusses household systems of production, the creation of markets and market places, the invention of money, and property rights. The second examines responses to the changing demand for African commodities. The third explores the politics of economic policy during the colonial period and the early independence era. The fourth focuses on the programs of multilateral development agencies. The final sessions discuss the changing role of government in the economies of Africa and Africa as an "emerging market." Lectures, with occasional discussions. Evaluation: two short papers, a midterm, and a final. Cost:3 (but all materials are on reserve) WL:1 (Widner)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (3). (Excl).

This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course. (Chamberlin)

484. The Politics of Disaffection. Two courses in political science including Pol. Sci. 411 or 486; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Journalistic accounts suggest an exceptional anger and frustration with politics among the American people. Why are Americans disaffected from politics? What explains low levels of trust? Is this a dangerous new trend, or a grand American tradition? And what exactly do disaffected people do? The purpose of this class is to provide some answers to these questions. The course will be run as a lecture, with a midterm and final and an optional paper. The prerequisite for the course is permission of the instructor or two classes in political science. WL:1 (Dion)

487. Psychological Perspectives on Politics. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Explanations of political phenomena often rest on psychological assumptions. Studies of leadership, decision-making, socialization, public opinion and voting, violence and revolution, propaganda and persuasion all have a psychological base. The purpose of this lecture course is to survey major currents of theoretical and empirical work in the psychological analysis of politics. Extensive background in political science and psychology courses is NOT required, nor is the course part of a departmental sequence. Grades will be based on examinations and at least one paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kinder)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 The Global International System. (3 credits).
Beginning with the assumption that there exists a global political system going back to 1815 or so, we will examine the evolution - and future of this system, the territorial states and other entities that comprise it, and the ways in which the system shapes these entities and vice versa. Poli. Sci. 160 is a recommended prerequisite but not formally required. The course meets twice a week for 1-1/2 hours each, and it is a combination of short lectures and discussion based on careful reading of each week's assignments. Evaluations are based on written abstracts of scholarly articles, two short memos, a research design and a take-home final exam. Texts not yet selected. Cost:2 (Singer)

492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study course on an individual research topic that is developed between an individual student and a faculty member.

494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to senior Honors concentrators. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

This is a seminar for seniors who are working an on Honors thesis. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling. (Campbell)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 003 Television and American Politics.
This seminar surveys the various ways some good, some not so good that television has altered and influenced contemporary American politics. The course will proceed as a seminar: students will be expected to do the reading and come prepared each week to discuss it. Grades will depend on the quality and volume of class participation and a 20-page paper, due at the end of the term. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kinder)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 002 Political Economy of China.
In recent years, China has emerged as one of the most dynamic economies in East Asia. This course examines the processes and problems of economic development and economic reforms in post-Mao China. The topics for discussion include: problems and characteristics of the centrally-planned economic system, economic and political impetus to reforms, the evolving relationship between government and market in resource allocation, the political economy of inflation and central-local relations, etc. The course will also cover the economic diplomacy between the United States and China. (Huang)

Section 003 Global Democratization. This seminar will examine the basic literature and recent findings on democratization, starting with its background in Western advanced industrial societies and then examinings its prospects in Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. We will seek to answer three questions: "What are the essential characteristics of democracy?" "What conditions are conductive to the emergence and survival of democracy?" and "What good is it?" Each participant will present three brief essays, each one being a critical discussion of the readings assigned during a given week. These are to be presented orally (in 10-15 minutes) in class during the week of the assignment; a typed version (4 to 6 pages) will be due the following week. Each of the essays will account for 25% of the final grade; the later essays should reflect a broader comparative perspective than the earlier ones. Well-informed participation in seminar is important, and will count for 25% of the final grade. There will be no exams. (Inglehart)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Ethics and International Relations.

Section 002 Arab-Israeli Conflict. Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli Conflict is the focus of the seminar. Held in conjunction with PS 353, a lecture course on the same subject, this seminar is like a discussion section of that lecture course. In this respect, outlines of the lectures and copies of transparencies will be available to seminar participants in the form of a course pack and via an electronic conference CONFER. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. The seminar plans both a midterm and a final. There is a computer-assisted simulation planned for PS 353, and PS 498.002 students will be participants as well. (Tanter)

Section 003 Global Environmental Change and the State. Climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity, and other aspects of global change could threaten the habitability of the earth. Because these problems originate in demographic, economic and technological phenomena, dealing with them requires unprecedented global cooperation. This course addresses the issue of whether environmental challenges can be met within the existing nation-state system or whether managing global environmental change will force modifications in this system. We examine the classic debate between those like Malthus who posit limits to growth and those like Marx who argue that with appropriate economic, technological, and political arrangements, unlimited growth is possible; the nature of global environmental change and responses to it, such as the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change; and the implications of these steps for the future. Three books and several articles. Students prepare a research paper and write a final examination. Lectures, discussions. Cost:2 WL:1 (Jacobson/Miller)

499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (3). (Excl). (BS).

This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to juniors and seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: David Freedman, Robert Pisani, and Roger Purves, Statistics, New York: W.W. Norton, 2nd Ed., hereafter noted as FPP. Required readings other than FPP are in a course pack. Cost:2 or 3 WL:1 (Jackson)

592. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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