Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).
An introduction to some classic accounts of politics in the Western tradition, and to some critiques thereof. Readings include: Plato, Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, Arendt, and King. Among the themes to be addressed: what, if anything, makes state authority legitimate? do people benefit from political participation, or is it inevitably corrupting, confusing, irritating, and/or tiresome? what constitutes a public, rather than a private, concern? Cost:2 WL:1 (Wingrove)
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111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).
This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Walton)
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140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).
An introductory survey of the governments and politics of several contemporary societies in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
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160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).
This course analyzes world politics from a broad and general perspective, explaining and exploring the principles involved in the functioning of the global political system and illustrating these principles with contemporary material. The course begins by examining the basic structural features of the contemporary global political system. It considers the development of states and nationalism and then assesses the importance of actors other than nation states, such as international governmental and non-governmental organizations and multi-national corporations. Factors shaping the foreign policy behavior of states are considered next. Attention is then directed to the instruments of foreign policy behavior - the use or threat of use of military force, economic aid and sanctions, and diplomacy and negotiations. Next, patterns of collaboration and cooperation among states are considered. Finally, trends that could point toward future developments in the global political system are considered. Cost:2 WL:3 (Jacobson)
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Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.
Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation; crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy; how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation; the relation of force to diplomacy; the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation; as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. The course discusses the Gulf War as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam and a final. There is extensive use of conferencing on the web, COW, in order to make use of the Internet to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)
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390. Practicum for the Michigan Journal of Political Science. (1). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for credit with permission of the chair.
This course allows students to gain experience working on the journal under the direction of the chair or other appropriate faculty member. This experience involves editing the Michigan Journal of Political Science. In addition to taking part in working on the year's issue, students wishing credit for working on the journal would do readings and write book reviews and research notes.
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396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS). Laboratory fee ($10) required.
See Russian and East European Studies 396. (Eagle)
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401. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (Excl).
This course will survey the history of political thought from Hobbes through Nietzsche. We will focus on changing conceptions of the purpose of political society, the origins of political authority, the nature and value of political participation, of nature, and of liberty and equality through intensive reading of the primary texts of Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Burke, John Stuart Mill, and Marx. Brief selections from other authors will be included. All readings will be from the original works. There are no secondary sources. Two meetings per week will be devoted to lectures and discussion. The class will divide up and meet in one hour of discussion sections as well. There will be two in-class examinations, a final exam, and two to three brief papers. (Saxonhouse)
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402. Selected Topics in Political Theory. Pol. Sci. 101 or 400 or 401. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Democratic Theory and Deliberation.
This seminar is intended as an introduction to political theory through readings of current approaches to democratic theory. Reflexions on democracy are challenged by political changes like the ongoing globalization, transition to democracy, new shapes of socio-cultural standardization and heterogeneity, while everything turns out to be political. Moreover the terms in which the preconditions of a democratic decision making process are discussed are shaped by recent debates in political theory. Communitarian, republican, and liberal thoughts question the role of political institutions and civil self-regulation, as well as the modern postmodern discourse which opposes the rationality of deliberation with the meaning of difference and aesthetic politics. The main work for the course will be an oral midterm and a written final exam. Students will also have several short written assignments. Regular attendance, reading of the texts, and participation in the discussion are requested. (Ritter)
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406. American Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (3). (Excl).
The course will examine some of the central texts that have shaped American thinking on political and legal questions. Among the issues to be discussed: What should we make of the structure of American constitutionalism and federalism? How have various writers dealt with slavery and its legacies? How should we think about liberty, equality, individualism, conflict, and consensus? When should we obey, or disobey, the law in a democracy? How should we determine who has appropriate standing as a citizen? Grades will be based on two midterms and a final exam. Authors and texts may include Ben Franklin, The Federalist Papers, The Anti-Federalists, Henry Thoreau, The Lincoln/Douglass Debates, Mark Twain, Henry Adams, Edward Bellamy, William Graham Sumner, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, W.E.B. DuBois, and Malcolm X. (McKee)
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414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science. (4). (Excl).
The course is concerned with civil liberties in the American constitutional system. It will focus on decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, but will also draw on literature from other sources. The primary substantive aim of the course is to help students develop a theoretically informed understanding of civil liberties and of the institutional devices for enforcing them. Additional aims include helping students to read and criticize political texts, to assess constitutional arguments, and to think and write more rigorously. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Written work will consist of the following: two papers (10% of grade for each paper); participation in a moot court, for which each student will prepare and submit either a brief of counsel or a judicial opinion (40%); and a final examination (40%). Methods of instruction: lecture (3 hours) and discussion section (1 hour); you must register for both the lecture and discussion section. Prerequisite: A basic understanding of American institutional politics and American history. Some exposure to political theory is helpful, but not required. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brandon)
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417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course is an introduction to the legislative process. We concentrate mostly on the U.S. Congress, but build a foundation by placing Congress in the perspective of legislatures in other democratic nations as well as in a historical frame of reference. Using various theoretical perspectives, we will address the following questions: What are the possible ways that a legislature can be organized? Why is a legislature like Congress organized the way it is? How and why has it changed over time? Why does such an institution produce the policies it does? How does it interact with other national institutions? How democratic, effective, responsible, and effective is Congress? A mixture of lecture and discussion will be employed. Case studies will be used throughout. In addition, each student will be required to take midterm and final exams and write three short papers applying the ideas of the course to an issue, a piece of legislation, a controversy, a member of Congress, or an internal aspect of Congress. Cost:2 WL:1 (Ellis)
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420/Comm. 484. Mass Media and Political Behavior. Comm. Studies 361 or 381 strongly recommended. (4). (Excl).
See Communication Studies 484. (Valentino)
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440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Democracy and Democratization in Europe.
The course is a critical look at democracy and the democratization process in both Western and Eastern Europe in the twentieth century, with a focus on the impact that important political developments have had on contemporary politics in Europe. Democracy, fascism, and communism have each had a major impact on the lives of Europeans this century. The course is designed to give one both an intellectual and personal connection to these developments to help one better understand how common people experienced major changes in politics and the structure of society. The course focuses on connections between the mass society and elite levels of politics, especially such linkage institutions as political parties, interest groups, and social movements. The course uses critical essays, class discussions, and original period films to explore the course topics. We focus on the countries of Germany, the Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary. There will be a midterm, paper, and final examination in this course. Working in teams and class discussion are an integral part of the course. Cost:2 WL:1 (Holzhacker)
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443. Selected Topics in Western European Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies.
The advanced industrial democracies in North America, Western Europe, and Japan share much in common: they have achieved a high standard of living for many of their citizens, secure a wide range of personal freedoms, and provide for citizen input and choice in public policy making. This course seeks to draw broad comparisons among the societies, political institutions, and public policies of these countries. We will address changing values in postmodern societies, problems facing such societies, and citizen-elite linkages. We begin with Ronald Inglehart's "Modernization and Postmodernization" and his argument that economic development, cultural evolution, and political change go together in certain coherent, perhaps even predictable ways. There will be a midterm, paper, and final exam in the course. Team work and class discussions are an integral part of the course. Cost:3 WL:1 (Holzhacker)
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445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (3). (Excl).
This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction, to attempts at reform, and to the post-Communist period. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization, and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. We study attempts at political and economic reform, the fundamental changes of 1989-1990, and the present state of politics in Eastern Europe. This lecture course requires a final examination, one or two short papers, and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. Cost:2 WL:4 (Gitelman)
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447/Rel. 447. Comparative Studies in Religion and Politics. (3). (Excl).
This course examines change and conflict in religion, culture, and politics, and in the relations among them in a range of societies and cultures. Particular issues of concern include the emerging debates about justice and social action in religion, the meaning and impact of "fundamentalism," and the impact of transformations in religious leadership, organizations, and discourse on politics. Readings and lecturers are interdisciplinary and cross cultural with evidence drawn from historical and (above all) contemporary experiences in the United States, selected Latin American countries, and cases from the Islamic world. Requirements include a midterm, several mid-length (8-10 pages) papers on assigned topics, and a final examination. All examinations to be given in class. Cost:2 WL:4 (Levine)
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450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:2 WL:4 (Organski)
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460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.
This course stresses the importance of theoretical approaches to the study of world politics. Students will receive exposure to a wide range of theories of world politics. More importantly, we will stress theoretical methods, hypothesis testing, and the philosophy of science. We will emphasize hands-on learning of both theory and methods in problem sets. (Pahre)
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465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course is designed to introduce students to some of the issues in the politics of "developing" nations. It focuses on how ideas about development and the interests of political actors, in conjunction with each other, have influenced the political and economic development of these nation-states. The first part of the course discusses modernization theory, and how its particular understanding of the relationship of the individual to the state came to provide an initial path to political and economic development. An important consequence of the pressure for economic development and the dominance of the modernization paradigm was the construction of particular kinds of nation-states in the immediate post-colonial era. We will discuss whether the constructed nation-state, in the context of an international economy, has been able to generate economic development. One of the constraints faced by the state in developing nations is its weakness in relationship to social forces, and sometimes to the multiple ethnic groups which compose many of these nation-states. In the final segment of the course we will evaluate the nature of ethnic conflict and examine reasons for the resurgence of religion and separatism as political forces in parts of the developing world. Grading will be based on three book reviews (5-7 pages each), a midterm, a final examination, and class participation. Those taking the class for ECB credit will have a modified set of writing assignments. (Chhibber)
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468. The Communist International System. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
The title of this course is misleading. Events have dismantled the communist international system. The title for the course is being changed, and more accurately might be: "Cooperation and Conflict in the International System." We begin by discussing what the international system is, consider the possibility of multiple international systems, and describe some of the history of the modern international system(s). We then turn to consideration of patterns of cooperation and of conflict within the system. We will seek to understand why it is that some members of the system can cooperate in rather remarkable ways, while at other times overt conflict erupts. When discussing cooperation we will pay close attention to arguments about why international cooperation should be especially hard to achieve, and will speculate on ways to overcome these difficulties. Students will be awarded grades based on their performance in two exams and a term paper. Cost:2 -3 WL:1 (Lemke)
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470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).
Political Science 470, Comparative Foreign Policy, is designed to introduce the student to the advantages and disadvantages of alternative approaches to foreign policy analysis. Particular attention is given to assessing approaches that attempt to explain behavior, such as spending in alliances, without reference to the states' domestic political systems; to those that emphasize the key role of internal political processes in explaining how states behave internationally, and to those that suggest that for many states similarities across issue area may be more crucial in defining the policy process than the nature of the states themselves. There is a midterm, a paper, and the final exam. (Zimmerman)
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471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This is a course in the American Foreign Policy Process. The exact details will be known at a later date. Contact the Department in late November for more information.
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481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (3). (Excl).
This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science and the process of research design leading to the defense of a thesis prospectus. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course. (Mohr)
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486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course provides a selective survey of the vast literature on public opinion in the contemporary United States. Our purpose will be to understand public opinion and to assess its place in the American experiment with democracy. A central theme underlying the readings will be the role that various groups play in evaluating, and ultimately holding accountable, political leaders. Students are assumed to have some familiarity with public opinion literature and the American political system. Grades will be based on a midterm and final examination and, depending on enrollments and assignment of teaching assistants, on a series of short papers. (Hutchings)
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488. Political Dynamics. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).
Will a single presidential candidate emerge from the primaries or will we have a brokered convention? Do arms races lead to war? Why do popular movements get started, grow, and then often subside without accomplishing their goals? Is the earth growing warmer and what should be done about it politically? Questions of this kind are not easily answered with unaided intuition. Social systems grow organically, and their parts interact in different ways at different times. Feedback loops cause many reforms to have the opposite of the intended effect. The purpose of this course is to bring systems thinking to bear on political dynamics. A few simple but powerful mathematical ideas will be taught and applied to a variety of political issues. Students will learn to experiment with dynamics and forecasting on personal computers, using primarily graphical methods. The course is meant to be experimental and applied rather than theoretical. A prerequisite of one prior course in political science is suggested. (Achen)
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489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of six credits.
Section 001 Game Theory in Political Science. (3 credits)
This course introduces students to the use of the game theory in political science. Game theory is the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between rational decision makers. The course will emphasize the fundamental assumptions behind game theory models of politics and will expose students to models of legislatures, voting and elections, international relations, and political participation. There are no mathematical prerequisites, but students should have a useful facility with algebra before taking the course. Lecture. There will be homework problems, several tests, and a final project. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kollman)

Section 002 Political Economy. (3 credits). The course explores the impact of politics on the economy and of the economy on politics. Our approach to this broad subject matter will be positive as opposed to normative. I.e., we are interested in understanding, i.e. theoretically explicating, a set systematic relationships which may exist between features of the socio-politico-economic environment, not in commenting on the justness of those relationships. E.g., does the periodicity of elections induce cycles in economic policy and perhaps thereby outcomes, and, if so, how? From our perspective, the action of any one policy-maker at any one time in any one place is a datum which, combined with evidence from (preferably many) other such data, may enable us to infer the empirical validity of our theoretical expectations about the systematic relationships between polity and economy. Class meetings: partly lecture, partly discussion; Reading: 110 pp./wk. +/-; Writing: three short papers, one intermediate-length paper. Cost:3 (Franzese)
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492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). No more than four credits of directed study may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science. (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits.
A directed study course on an individual research topic that is developed between an individual student and a faculty member.
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494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to senior Honors concentrators. (4). (Excl). No more than four Honors credits may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science. (INDEPENDENT).
This is a seminar for seniors who are working an on Honors thesis. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling. (Mohr)
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496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Law and Society in Environmental Disputes.
This seminar will consider the role of law and legal institutions in the development of environmental policy and the management of environmental disputes. Through analysis of a broad array of environmental controversies, the following questions will be considered: Private versus public law approaches to environmental problems, the promise and limits of economic and institutional alternatives to legal environmental interventions, environmental litigation as a tool of social change, and the influence of legal norms and practices on socio-economic inequalities in the distribution of environmental burdens. The class will be structured in a seminar format. Consistent attendance, advanced preparation, and active participation are expected. There will be a final exam, and possibly a midterm. In addition students will be required to write a 15-page research paper and make an oral presentation, based on that paper, to the class. Political Science 412 or 413 is recommended but not required. Cost:2 -3 (Morag-Levine)

Section 002 Television and American Politics. Purpose of the seminar is to cast a cool eye on claims made about television's impact on American political life. We will consider ways, some good, some not so good, that television influences politics. (Kinder)
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497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 - The Political Economy of Natural Resources. This seminar is designed to provide advanced undergraduates with an overview of recent scholarship on the political and economic facets of natural resource use, particularly in developing states. Among the topics we will consider are the reported link between resource scarcity and violent conflict; the problems of governing common resources, at both the local and global levels; the impact of resource wealth on economic development; and political disputes over water, petroleum, timber, fisheries, and hard rock minerals, particularly in the developing world. A familiarity with economics will be helpful. Students will be expected to write a major paper that draws on both theoretical materials and original research. (Ross)

Section 002 Political Parties, Social Movements, and Democratic Politics in Latin America. The subject matter will be a seminar on the role of new and old social movements in the construction and maintenance of democracy. Movements to be studied include political parties, trade unions, neighborhood associations, peasant movements, religious groups, and so forth. No exams. Oral reports and papers. (Levine)

Section 003 Rational Choice Theory. Rational choice theory is a deductive methodology that is often used to generate arguments about strategic political interactions. This seminar will introduce students to the rational choice methodology, and in particular to non-cooperative game theory. It will then examine a wide range of substantive arguments in the political science literature that have emerged from the rational choice tradition. These include theories of majority rule, legislative organization, coalition formation in parliamentary systems, party competition, political leadership, and collective action, among others. Students will be evaluated based on class participation and a final paper. (Huber)

Section 004 Politics of China. This course provides an in-depth analysis of the dynamics of the Chinese political system. It considers the interplay of elite politics, policy process, concrete problems, and resource limitations. The course is limited to fifteen students and requires one of the following: PS 428, PS 455, or the permission of the instructor. There is a term paper and a final examination, along with extensive opportunity for in-class discussion. (Lieberthal)
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498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 - Global Environmental Change and the State. Climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity, and other aspects of global change could threaten the earth's habitability. Dealing with these problems, which originate in fundamental demographic and economic changes, requires unprecedented global cooperation. This course addresses the issue of whether these global challenges can be met within the existing nation-state system or whether managing global environmental change will force modifications in this system. The course examines: the current global political system and its characteristics and origins; the classic debate between those who posit limits to growth and those who argue that with appropriate economic, social and political arrangements, continued growth is possible; the nature of global environmental change and responses to it, such as the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change; and the adequacy of these steps. Three books and several articles. Students prepare a research paper and write a final examination. Lectures, discussions. Cost:2 WL:1 (Jacobson)

Section 002 Arab-Israeli Conflict. See Political Science 353. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)
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499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (3). (Excl). (BS).
This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to juniors and seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: Thomas Wonnacort and Ronald Wonnacott, Introducing Statistics for Business and Economics New York; Wiley, 4th ed. Required readings other than this text are in a course pack. Cost:2 or 3 WL:1 (Jackson)
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529/Public Policy 529. Statistics. Permission of instructor. No previous course work in statistics is required, but a prior calculus course or concurrent enrollment in Math 413. (3). (Excl).
See Public Policy 529. (Chamberlin)
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586/Public Policy 586. Organizational Design. (3). (Excl).
See Pubic Policy 586. (Mohr)
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